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past times. This collection of studies begins with a chapter by a legal theorist, Joseph Jaconelli. It explores the concept of trial, and particularly the modern notion of a fair trial, in order to analyse the assumptions which many readers will make about the nature of legal process. The issues which it raises are relevant to both volumes, but it has been placed at the beginning of Volume I as an opening conceptual analysis, against which all the cases discussed can be measured. Some meet Jaconelli’s criteria for a fair trial and others do not. Chapters 2 to 5

in Judicial tribunals in England and Europe, 1200–1700
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Language, lies and the crisis of representation in Such a Long Journey

, overcrowded,’ Crawford Market represents the chaotic, threatening, and sometimes bloody world, with its ‘wicked-looking meat hooks’ and ‘sight and smell of blood … and bone’ (SLJ, 21). The cavernous ‘hall of meat’ proves especially traumatic, and draws our attention to the novel’s preoccupation with bodies. From the flakes of skin which fall from the milk-selling bhaiya, Dilnavaz’s repulsion from Tehmul’s begrimed toenails, the body parts sold as tokens of healing at Mount Mary, or the stomach cancer – and its attendant halitosis – that eats away at Dinshawji, bodies are

in Rohinton Mistry
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make recommendations in the field of public policy.’5 Quite independently of Potter, the Dutch obstetrician André Hellegers and the political activist Sargent Shriver also coined the term ‘bioethics’ in 1970, when they opened the Joseph and Rose Kennedy Institute for the Study of Human Reproduction and Bioethics at Georgetown University, a private Jesuit institution in Washington DC.6 Hellegers and Shriver’s definition is the one we recognise today. Amid growing discussion of the social impact of biological research, the rationing of new medical technologies such as

in The making of British bioethics
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resorts selected for their comfort, it is good enough for terrorised victims of Nazi bombing to go to the place from which these pampered civil servants have been sent. Either London is safe or it is not.’25 To be fair, officials at County Hall, the headquarters of the LCC, remained put and set about the arrangements for the handling of the expected influx of refugees.26 Within a short space of time, nine reception centres had been established in the capital. There refugees were ‘fed, bathed and medically examined’ before being transferred to the twenty ‘cooperating

in The forgotten French
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, and hardened by events at Dunkirk and Mels-el-Kébir. Reporting on sailors in Liverpool, Noble Hall of French Welfare was informed by one medical officer that ‘although he hoped Germany would ultimately be beaten, France would never forget that after she had been crushed by the enemy, her former friend and ally destroyed her fleet when it was unable to defend itself and killed more than 1,250 French sailors in cold blood’.122 When Sir Evelyn Wrench of the Royal Empire Society invited sixty French sailors to an evening’s entertainment at the Empire Rendezvous at

in The forgotten French
The BBC’s Caribbean Voices

demonstrated a knowledge of Caribbean literature. As much as in the sphere of politics, Calder-Marshall had definite – and judged again by the colonial conventions of the time – unorthodox views on aesthetics. Here he comments on a lecture he delivered on art and society at the L’Ouverture Hall in Port of Spain: I tried to describe the way

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
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Abbey, celebrated a British monarchy revitalised by the duke and duchess. A century earlier in 1901, William’s great-great-grandparents the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York, the future King George V and Queen Mary, were on a worldwide tour of the British Empire. The most ambitious royal tour of the empire to date, their travels had been planned by Joseph Chamberlain and the duke

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911
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, the Worksop Manor Stud, the Exning Stud, the Sledmere Stud and the Ballykisteen Stud in Ireland, sold so many. Some breeders were breeder-owners, breeding and racing their own horses, and prepared to trade potential profit for the pleasure of ownership. Their Breeders and owners motives varied, but some at least were less concerned with success per se than with trying to improve the breed. The duke of Westminster, for example, cared little for racing, but devoted ‘his time, attention and money to breeding bloodstock’ at his Eaton Hall Stud.5 Kingsclere Ltd, a

in Horseracing and the British 1919–39

& ponch-pong at nightfall & impregnated with an enervating luxury of existence, – while the moon {swims aloft in a mellowness of splendour unknown in northern latitudes,} looks down in beatick [ sic ] repose – or the hospitable welcome, – or the glass cased lights which illumine the hall, – & the numerous attendants who wait on the festive board

in Frontiers of the Caribbean
Customary society and oral culture in rural England, 1700–1900

description of a Cotswold ale in the late eighteenth century could be matched by the photographs of late nineteenth-century benefit club days in Cotswold villages such as Ebrington. An observer of the former wrote: These sports are resorted to by great numbers of young people of both sexes, are conducted in the following manner. Two persons are chosen, previous to the meeting, to be Lord and Lady . . . A large empty barn, or some such building, is provided for the Lord’s hall, and fitted up with seats to accommodate the company. Here they assemble to dance and to regale in

in The spoken word