Open Access (free)
Association and distinction in politics and religion

secluded activity which sustained the public work of kingship, but was distinct from it. This was not an eccentricity of a single English king, but a universal feature of rulers and elites of all kinds. A similar function appears to have been served by a small album of paintings on silk of the Yongzheng Emperor in early eighteenth-century China. The pictures were not for public display, but presented the emperor, to himself, in a range of guises and situations of varying fantasy, but each representing an aspect of human worth, skill, dignity, heroism, or authority. 19

in Cultivating political and public identity

, Alphonso comes very close to endorsing the very belief he purports to condemn, since the process he describes – in which the “imaginations” of women wander about with the devil – sounds suspiciously like the actual separation of body and soul. Instead of harmless delusions created by the devil, women created their own monstrous fantasies, which Satan gave the semblance of reality. He not only transported their figura et fantasia to remote places, he also thoughtfully concealed their dreaming bodies while he did so, so that annoying nay-sayers could not point to the

in The Malleus Maleficarum and the construction of witchcraft
Contemporary Irish and Scottish fiction

: lies, duality and punishment – their interests need not be translated into metaphors of national identity. Conversely, it could be argued that a third body of writing has emerged which flags its own nationality, making clear its location within a geographically specific and ‘national’ space, but which operates through forms of genre fiction in which the narrative conventions offer an equally significant, and for the reader perhaps more powerful, spatial demarcation. Thus Iain Banks has developed within the genre of fantasy fiction novels which are clearly set within

in Across the margins

, silent, White Western outcast masculinity’ became ‘a fantasy echo of escape from one's own cultural and societal confinement’, rejecting rather than reiterating hegemonic ideology. This fantasy about escaping the cultural stagnation of late socialism might become, in the 1990s, a fantasy of escaping the violent imposition of ethnicised borders in which listening to a pre-war band singing about the dream of identification with Shane would not have been an identification with masculinist militarised nationalism but an escape from it (Jelača 2014 : 254). Even within the

in Race and the Yugoslav region
Open Access (free)

the late twentieth century as an aspirational alternative to the authoritarianism and financial stagnation of late state socialism. The region's imaginations and fantasies of race, sonically and visually undeniable in the everyday ‘cultural archive’, nevertheless reveal shifting rather than stable identifications with race, depending on which aspects of the region's historical experience are mediated through which national and collective identities. Disentangling the relationship between ethnicity, nation and race, and recognising the multiple racial formations

in Race and the Yugoslav region

comparison between the computer game and literature further, then the concentration of game designers and consumers on genres that are fairly low down the literary pecking order (war, science fiction, fantasy) does little to add to the respectability of the computer game. But it might be as shortsighted to ignore questions of how we ‘read’ computer texts, and how they communicate their meanings, particularly in this time of increasing computer ‘edutainment’, online education, electronic publishing, and increasing Internet use, as it would be to ignore questions of just how

in More than a game
Kosovo and the Balkanisation–integration nexus

myth or a fantasy, but tends to become hyperreal: depleted, dissipated and without power; it is hyped, feigned and faked, and perhaps therefore is more real than the real thing : the state itself. In this funhouse of the hyperreal, Europe’s postmodern security has become an ersatz experience, an image which may sometimes conceal (but usually just accentuates) that the

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
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The imperial metropolis of Heart of Darkness

the river into a snake that charms him, and he in turn becomes a ‘silly little bird’ (p. 67). Marlow’s own consuming desire is projected on to the object of his gaze; he becomes the imaginary object of consumption. He fetishises both Africa and the image of himself as a consumer. Marlow’s choice is not only that of the desperate unemployed, then, but that of the greedy consumer. The pursuit of his boyhood fantasy is, inevitably, infantilising; Marlow has to compromise his adult autonomy and become in effect the simulated boy of his fantasy, turning to his aunt for

in Postcolonial contraventions
The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide

victimizer to materially actualize an otherwise abstract fantasy of alterity. Where research has focused on ultimate disposal, it has been in ‘cultures of terror’ where bodies are displayed and serve an instrumental and didactic role. While research has revealed commonalities in the discursive use of the body in such contexts, there has been less attention paid to contexts of extermination, where bodies are not called upon to play instrumental, didactic roles, but are concealed through burial (Srebrenica) or cremation (Auschwitz-Birkenau). If ante-mortem degradation and

in Human remains and mass violence

hierarchical political economy and justifies continuing interventions and contemporary wars. For Duffield, security and development have become one and the same. Ilan Kapoor emphasises the way that humanitarianism, and celebrity humanitarianism in particular, serves to draw a veil over the operations of a capitalist economy and its production of inequality. It ‘closes down political contestation and attempts to naturalise the socio-economic status quo’. Drawing on Slavoj Žižek, he demonstrates how it works as an ideological fantasy and acts ‘as a cover for the advancement of

in Change and the politics of certainty