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The United States Peace Corps in the early 1960s

in the United Nations Freedom from Hunger Campaign, 1960–70 ’, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History , 40 : 5 ( 2012 ), pp. 879 – 96 ; K . O’Sullivan , ‘ Humanitarian Encounters: Biafra, NGOs and Imaginings of the Third World in Britain and Ireland, 1967–1970 ’, Journal of Genocide Research , 16 : 2 ( 2014 ), pp. 299 – 315 . 5

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Adjusting to life after the Cold War

spatial limits of the Bundeswehr’s remit, easing in a new precedent, while being justified on humanitarian grounds and linked to notions of German ‘responsibility’. The catharsis occasioned by the Gulf War was made up of five interconnected elements: • Discord emerged between external demands and conditions within Germany. Policy-thinking was caught between expectations and fears at home and abroad, and sought to do justice to both. As a result, the sanctity of existing constitutional constraints on Bundeswehr deployments and Germany’s eurocentrism became jaded, with

in Germany and the use of force

strong Christian component) and civilization. 7 The novel concept of ‘civilization’ (as distinct from the civilized–barbarians dichotomy, which is ancient) had been coined in 1757 by Victor Mirabeau, in a treatise on population, and a decade later it was used by Ferguson in his Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767). ‘Civilization’, once unleashed, took on a life of its own, being incorporated into the self-concept of European-centred international

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century

that they were also naturally opposed to warfare because of their nurturing and humanitarian qualities.45 To prove her points, Stobart depicted women participating in the humanitarian efforts of the 37 Independent ladies Figure 1  Portrait of Mabel St Clair Stobart military medical services, and taking on (particularly in her own case) challenging leadership roles. Mabel St Clair Stobart established her Women’s Sick and Wounded Convoy Corps (WSWCC) in 1909, the year in which the VADs were formed.46 Her purpose was to create an entirely female corps that would be

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Open Access (free)

Introduction Introduction R. A. Melikan I have been asked, in the context of this volume, to explain how one ought to write a history of the trial. Like a lawyer, rather than answering this question, I pose a counter-question and attempt to answer it instead – do you mean a history of a trial or a history of trials? The distinction is not, I hope, a pedantic one, as the former seems to focus upon a particular event and the latter upon a process. If we examine a trial, we are interested in the experiences, in so far as they can be understood, of the various

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Open Access (free)

-away country between people of whom we know nothing’ to quote the now infamous words of British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in 1938. 3 The crisis in Kosovo may have been, amongst other things, an indictment of the western public’s knowledge and understanding of South East Europe’s history, politics and geography, but it was far from being a peripheral matter in the evolution of post-Cold War European security. As Roland

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security

peacekeeping and humanitarian intervention by the very global institutions Tito's Yugoslavia had hoped to lead. Other European governments no longer saw the region as exporting skilled professionals and managed numbers of guest-workers but as a source of international instability (Hansen 2006 ) and disordered refugee flows, as millions escaped violent ethnicised displacement from Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and later Kosovo or systemic structural inequality (exacerbated in Serbia by economic sanctions against Milošević) elsewhere. Security-minded gazes from northern and

in Race and the Yugoslav region

Outside this gathering, but closely monitoring its proceedings, was a group of men from an organisation that had long-standing concerns (dating back to the 1830s) for Indigenous peoples across the Empire. The men from the humanitarian Anti-Slavery and Aborigines’ Protection Society (ASAPS) grasped the opportunity to make personal contact with General Botha in order to object to the franchise provisions in

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
The victims' struggle for recognition and recurring genocide memories in Namibia

discourse of the Herero–​Nama genocide has mainly focused on the politics of the victims’ ‘unsettled memory’ and the legacy of ‘embedded history’ between Namibia and Germany: apology, restitution and redress for the victims.5 However, none of the existing literature has explored the tension and divide that the return of the skulls has ­created between the local customary rites, on the one hand, and the political morality of the Namibian and German governments on the other. In particular, difficulties emanating from the disappointment of the Namibian delegation (which will

in Human remains in society
Open Access (free)
What does race have to do with the Yugoslav region?

formation, forced migration and genocide that invite seeing its past and present through the lens of ethnopolitical and religious conflict. Moreover, as part of ‘eastern’ rather than ‘western’ Europe, and without its own history as an imperial power, it did not experience the mass migration from outside ‘Europe’ of millions of people whose identities would be racialised as non-white. Studies of how ideas of ‘race’ have circulated and been adapted across the globe, for their part, themselves still almost always pass over the east of Europe and its state socialist past. The

in Race and the Yugoslav region