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number of elements Government requires a specialised elite. This might be described as a ‘conservative’ view. The majority of the population is incapable of effective self-government. This is an element of ‘liberal’ concerns about democracy. Political democracy tends to ignore the fundamental lack of democracy in economic relations. This is a strong element of the ‘Marxist’ criticism of democracy. Democratic

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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relations may be necessary to rectify an imbalance between employer and employees, producers and consumers. For instance, employees may be ruthlessly exploited by their employers; unions may use their industrial muscle to force unreasonable concessions on wages and conditions out of employers; businesses sometimes work together to manipulate the market price for goods and exploit consumers. In practice, therefore, the free market may not work

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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Welfare reform and the ‘Third Way’ politics of New Labour and the New Democrats

, A. ( 2000 ) ‘ Equality, pluralism, universality: current concerns in normative theory ’, British Journal of Politics & International Relations , 2 ( 2 ). Rhodes , M. ( 2000 ) ‘ Desperately seeking a solution: social democracy, Thatcherism and the “third way” in British welfare ’, in M. Ferrera and M. Rhodes

in The Third Way and beyond

find the necessities and satisfaction of life that they don’t want to leave it’ (III: 904). For in addition to preventing luxury this system would also ensure that ‘the whole world lives and nobody enriches himself’ (904). It has been argued that all of Rousseau’s subsequent ideas were contained in On Political Economy. One might equally argue that all his mature thoughts reached their zenith in Projet du Corse, where he combined his Spartan romance for rural austerity, a concern for the poor, a realist understanding of international relations – and an understanding

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
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Partial offsets and unfinished business

Art. 129 Art. 129a Art. 128 Art. 1301 Free movement of workers Right of establishment Right of establishment Right of establishment Services Internal market International market Education Environment Trans-European networks Public health Consumer protection Culture (+ unanimity) Research New Articles in the AMT Art. 5 Art. 119 Art. 191a Art. 209a New article Art. 213a Art. 213b Employment Social policy – equal opportunity Transparency (general principles) Countering fraud Customs co-operation Statistics Authority on data protection Added to co-decision from

in Theory and reform in the European Union
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Clark has given in his discussion of legitimation in international society, is of external, visible, and audible practices, rather than of inner, inferred realities’ justifications. 4 Government, as an activity, is not supported or enabled by legitimation or coercion but is composed of them. ‘In the same way that erosion of legitimacy does not lead to crisis of government, so the bestowal of legitimacy does not cause international stability: it is but another way of describing such stability as already exists. In short, legitimacy and stability are not two separate

in Cultivating political and public identity
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, possibly with dreadlocks. The classification of “hippies” include people who work at direct action-oriented, small NGOs based in Amsterdam, such as ASEED, a European environmental action group, and EYFA, the European Youth For Action. Such organizations offer low-paid or stipend-based volunteer positions. As a result, internationals who work for them often live in squats and then integrate into the social scene of activists. Traveling is a constitutive aspect of being classified as a hippie. They often travel to

in The autonomous life?
The Third Way and the case of the Private Finance Initiative

in the NHS: A Summary , London , Office of Health Economics , available online at www.ohe.org/private_finance_initiative.htm . Temple , M. ( 2000 ) ‘ New Labour’s third way: pragmatism and governance ’, British Journal of Politics & International Relations , 2 ( 3 ). Treasury Select Committee ( 2000 ) Fourth Report: The Private Finance Initiative

in The Third Way and beyond
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throwing flowers at the funeral cortege of Diana Princess of Wales. 10 The history of the population within the changing borders of the political communities of the British Isles is of continuous conflict and shifting relations between a democratic identity and a ruler's identity, with the latter slowly and unevenly distinguishing itself increasingly by its exceptional exemplification of the associative identity shared with those whom the ruler aspires to lead. It will illustrate the dual nature of identity cultivation, whereby on

in Cultivating political and public identity
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The autonomous life?

challenge authoritarian and hierarchical social relations between citizens and the state. This attitude brought them attention in a culture, which at the time, highly valued conformity and the uncritical obedience of authority. They also attacked consumerism and car traffic in the city. The group was associated with one figure in particular, Robert Jasper Grootveld, a performance artist, who regularly staged weekly “happenings” which combined non-violence with absurdist humor to provoke the police, often ending with his

in The autonomous life?