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Health and social welfare of disadvantaged families in Brighton and Hastings

activities and information interfaces of Cupp at the University of Brighton facilitates communication between the dispersed membership and includes a Resilient Therapy Research Group. This research group provides a dissemination channel for seminars to provide a forum for critique and analysis of RT work. The CoP model brings together people who are eager to improve the health and well-being of children, young people and families experiencing tough times. It is coordinated and facilitated by a small development team of community members and academics remunerated for their

in Knowledge, democracy and action

somebody who has been hanged.7 The imperative of realising West German rearmament was from the very outset conceived of within a broader Euro-Atlantic setting. Even prior to Adenauer’s initial offers of a West German defence contribution and the subsequent deliberations over the European Defence Community (EDC) and then NATO membership, it was clear to many that rearmament was inevitable and the imperative was to make sure that West Germany was on the ‘right side’. With the exacerbation of East–West tensions in late 1947, US planners remained faced with the most alarming

in Germany and the use of force

, following his part in the Ocalan fiasco – more of which later – prompted the Turkish Daily News to reprint the minister’s scurrilous remarks about Turkey, asserting that these have ensured him a place in the history books. He has called the Turks “thieves, cut throats and sexual deviates”. He has claimed that the fact that “every Turkish woman wishing to enter the civil service must undergo a virginity test”, is proof that culturally Turkey is not European. Jacques Chirac’s championship of Turkey’s application to EU membership, led to him being

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Open Access (free)

for the 1997 landslide. As Dorey shows, New Labour’s acceptance of much of the main thrust of Thatcherite economic policy threw the Conservatives off 4 Mark Garnett and Philip Lynch balance; as a result, instead of outbidding New Labour on the ideological right, or returning to a One Nation position which jettisoned the tax-cutting agenda, they tried to face both ways at once. ‘Europe’, particularly the question of British membership of the single currency, was for many Conservatives the most significant issue facing the party. Hague quickly ruled out British

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Open Access (free)

have extremely large memberships. The National Trust and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) are prominent examples. But there are many others such as the Council for the Protection of Rural England, the Countryside Alliance and Woodland Trust. If we consider local levels of political activities, there are still more, many of them temporary in nature. Groups exist to promote or prevent traffic management measures, airport building, changes in countryside use, building developments and the like. Issues affecting the environment concern the political

in Understanding British and European political issues

the seventeenth century although it is usually associated with the Treaty of Westphalia that established the legal principle of the duty to conform to the religious and political policies of a state’s ruler. As a consequence of the UK’s membership of the European Union one hears much of the decline, or even end, of British state sovereignty. However, one might argue that state sovereignty is still intact. Membership of the

in Understanding political ideas and movements

minimal of legislation (‘What I want is institutional gridlock. I want it to be nearly impossible for government to do anything’). But it was just as likely to result from a belief in the value of confrontational politics, in which the point of opposition was to oppose, and the role of the backbencher was to hold the government to account. If the Conservative frontbench would not oppose the government, then Conservative backbenchers would have to do it. Despite the label, there was no formal organisation behind the awkward squad and its membership was both amorphous and

in The Conservatives in Crisis

capable of winning majority support. Thus, Labour’s membership had to be broadened, its machinery made sound and the party equipped with a comprehensive programme serving an ultimate aim (Fabian News, 29 (1918): 6; Henderson 1918). According to Marquand, the choices made at this juncture would prove fatal. Instead of creating a pluralistic party and furnishing Labour with a programme that meshed ‘labourism’ with Liberalism, the leadership re-established Labour, as Gould put it, as ‘a socialist party immutably linked to trade unionism’. Clause 4, in particular, committed

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Interpreting the unions–party link

and residualism Over half the TUC’s membership worked in the public sector by 1974. But public sector unions were grossly under-represented on senior TUC economic committees. The National and Local Government Officers’ Association (NALGO) and the National Union of Public Employees (NUPE), the fourth and fifth largest unions, were excluded until 1977–78. This mattered because the TUC generally endorsed fiscal policy in 1975–76, as the biggest spending cuts and the non-inflationproofed ‘cash limits’ on spending were introduced. ITLP_C10.QXD 18/8/03 Steve Ludlam 10

in Interpreting the Labour Party
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the public recognition of cultural diversity. Laïcité A, in a sense, has become a blueprint for the contemporary management of multiculturalism in France. The neutrality of the state requires that it neither promote nor hamper the expression of religious and cultural identities. Whereas citizens are free to practise their religion and culture within civil society, they should disregard their special memberships in the public sphere. The public sphere, crucially, includes state schools; pupils and teachers are therefore expected to leave behind their particular

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies