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Pacifism and feminism in Victorian Britain
Heloise Brown

Garrett Fawcett was a prominent supporter of British rule in Ireland and South Africa, and sanctioned the use of force in both contexts. She offered a striking contrast to pacifist feminist conceptions of women as peace-loving and supposedly defensive by nature. 6 introduction Another prominent feminist, Josephine Butler, emphasised in her work the importance of the fair and humane treatment of native populations, yet also supported the expansion of the British empire and the Christianisation of ‘native races’. Discourses of nationalism, imperialism and patriotism

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Sabine Clarke

up in May 1947 to consider how to increase outputs of a range of identified commodities, and it included amongst its members a representative from the CPRC. The need to identify sources of key materials from within the sterling area so as to reduce dollar expenditure had a direct impact on the research agenda of the CPRC when the committee was asked to help find a source of cortisone within the British Empire in 1949. Cortisone was an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, but Britain’s ability to purchase the drug from the US was threatened by the

in Science at the end of empire
Nico Randeraad

programme, and lamented that the central state in his home country took little interest in such matters. Back in Britain, Farr tried his hand at medical journalism. In 1837 he launched the British Annals of Medicine, Pharmacy, Vital Statistics, and General Science, probably modelled on the Annales d’hygiène publique. This undertaking was short-lived but demonstrated Farr’s special interest in statistics. In the same year, he reached a larger audience with his contribution on population statistics to the authoritative statistical review of the British Empire compiled by

in States and statistics in the nineteenth century
Open Access (free)
Joe Turner

Bordering intimacy In the 1870s ethnographers Henry Huxley and J. H. Lamprey devised a systematic way of photographing aboriginal people across the British Empire. Their subjects were stripped naked and photographed in front of measuring apparatus, including a cross sectional mesh, so to compare anatomical characteristics. Huxley saw this as useful for racial categorisation but also to make judgements about the suitability of populations for coerced labour and other types of work in mind of moral ‘uplift’ (Maxwell 2000: 42–43). This ethnographic approach was contrasted

in Bordering intimacy
John Marriott

British Empire. The New Cambridge History of India Vol. II.1, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1988, and Sugata Bose and Ayesha Jalal, Modern South Asia. History, Culture, Political Economy , Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1999. 56 For a more general survey of the role of the press in reporting India, see David

in The other empire
Open Access (free)
John Marriott

Rennell, during which time the revolution in ‘our knowledge’ had rendered many of his observations obsolete. Furthermore, the supremacy of British rule was now so complete that India must be viewed not as a ‘mere assemblage of Nabobs, Sultans and Rajas, but as a component portion of the British empire’. 38 The result was A Geographical, Statistical and Historical Description of Hindostan . This

in The other empire
Open Access (free)
John Marriott

Metropolis of the British Empire, and that natural wish which the intelligent among its inhabitants must have to be acquainted with the remarkable things it contains’, he began by exploring the built environment of its ‘remotest extremity’: As there were no attempts, till lately, ever made to erect any building which might adorn it at all

in The other empire
Open Access (free)
‘Gothicism’, ‘historicism’, and the overlap of fictional modes from Thomas Leland to Walter Scott
Christina Morin

) Despite Strongbow's evident longing for his own age, the novel elsewhere shows a confirmed resignation to the passage of time. In particular, Strongbow's invasion of Ireland is depicted as a necessary and beneficial step that benefited both Ireland and Britain as a whole: ‘Accompanying Strongbow's polemic against [modern] luxury and corruption’, Watt argues, ‘is a myth of manifest destiny which promotes Ireland's role as “an invaluable portion of the British Empire!” ’ 70 White ultimately refrains from denouncing Strongbow

in The gothic novel in Ireland, c. 1760–1829
Patrick Doyle

Irish co-operative movement. Horace Plunkett died in Surrey in March 1932, but lived to see the movement he created leave an extraordinary impact upon his home country. Throughout his final years, he remained in touch with the movement he founded as President of the IAOS but his interest shifted to mainstreaming agricultural co-operation across the globe. He organised a conference in July 1924 that gathered delegates from across the British Empire to discuss how agricultural co-operation might be promoted as a solution to problems of underdevelopment elsewhere. He

in Civilising rural Ireland
A lost epic of the reign of Victoria
Jude Cowan Montague

Queen showed that such patriotic product was not going to reap box-office success in America and change the fortunes of British cinema in the overseas market, whereas in the territories of the British Empire the film netted an impressive £35,000. Even before the distribution of Sixty Years a Queen had run its course, Samuelson was able to position himself as a major film manufacturer. As early as 23

in The British monarchy on screen