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Britain’s colonies. Notes 1 The Times , “Marines landed at Trinidad: disorders spreading” (23 June 1937), p. 15. 2 The Times , “Another warship at Trinidad, three strikers shot” (26 June 1937), p. 13. 3 Constantine, British Colonial Development Policy ; Havinden and Meredith, Colonialism and Development ; Morgan, Official History of Colonial Development ; Butler, Industrialisation . 4 Bolland, On the March

in Science at the end of empire
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Paul Gilroy’s The Black Atlantic

-acknowledged heterogeneity of Britishness through history. And one way to do this is by opening up a comparative mutually illuminating analysis of the languages and practices of British nationalism, colonialism and imperialism. Gilroy, in focusing solely on the interaction of languages of race and nation, forecloses such analysis. If materialism is useful for explaining and challenging exclusivist types of nationalism, so is the notion of utopia. Gilroy is indeed a big fan of utopianism, but his formulations align utopianism exclusively with outer-national cultural impulses. The

in Postcolonial contraventions

confrontation with Western colonialism (such as ‘society’, ‘liberty’, ‘people’, ‘rights’ and ‘equality’), ‘civilisation’ was subject to inter-​ cultural appropriation and reconstruction during this period. A particularly interpretive part of the Meiji-​era transformation was careful observation of the world. Japan’s intelligentsia was well equipped with existing learning processes, as it had for years deliberated on secularised neo-​Confucian principles of knowledge (Collins, 2000: 685–​6). Universities quickly sprang up with official support and patronage, once the German

in Debating civilisations
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and transgendering through which the colonial project is configured, and into how women’s investment in anti-colonialism is therefore different from men’s. Nationalism, he perceives in the trenchant essay ‘Algeria Unveiled’, as elsewhere, invokes men and women in contrasting ways, especially as, he writes, both the occupying colons and the (male) ‘occupied’ enlist women as signifiers of culture. Concomitantly, however, woman to Fanon becomes a subject of history only through her part in the national resistance. She is uniquely politicised by means of this involvement

in Stories of women
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peers are confident that they made the best of a bad situation, created by the powers of global capitalism, colonialism and racist exploitation. Though they had very few resources at their disposal, colonial oppressions did not achieve total domination. They used their creativity, the blessings that nature provided and the refuse others discarded to transform material lack in the 1950s and 1960s into

in Sport in the Black Atlantic
Just war and against tyranny

‘grievous violations of the law of nature’. 31 According to Wilhelm Grewe’s reading of Grotius, his approach is ‘nothing other than the doctrine of religious intervention expressed in the language of natural law’. 32 The argument that saving people from maltreatment was a justification for colonialism and imperialism is levelled mainly at Vitoria and Grotius (see below). Antiquity and the Middle Ages Interestingly, Renaissance writers, notably

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century

effective rebuttal, demonstrating the significance of colonial expansion for metropolitan economic and cultural formations throughout the nineteenth century. Jameson and Said both consider modernism a compensatory and ultimately collusive reaction to empire. Discussing Howards End, Jameson acknowledges Forster’s anti-imperial sentiments, but argues that they are undermined by the sensory impact of expansionism on the novelist. Such an impact is for Jameson an inevitable consequence of the economy: chapter3 21/12/04 11:14 am Page 55 Empire’s culture 55 colonialism

in Postcolonial contraventions
Sol Plaatje and W.E.B.Du Bois

adequacy of black American thought for black America itself. We now need the notion of a critical, interrogative black Atlantic political culture, based on dialogue not emulation. The peculiar density of this modern critical black Atlanticism is one that chapter5 21/12/04 11:16 am Page 93 Black Atlantic nationalism 93 allows African intellectuals both to instrumentalise African America as a fictional space of self-actualisation and to demystify that construction; to position slavery and colonialism as comparable yet incommensurable historical experiences; to

in Postcolonial contraventions
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desire to change the domestic and/or international order, an order that seemed to need changing in favour of one’s own nation. It took two major forms. One form of radical nationalism was an essentially rightist form of politics; the other was the mainstay of anti-colonialism. Radical-right nationalism despised the old order, the privileged classes and out-dated institutions, all of which were condemned

in Understanding political ideas and movements

feminist killjoy: the hurt of some gets in the way of the happiness of others. Can we think about the politics of hurt differently? I have always taught courses on racism and colonialism, ever since I  have taught. I  thus bring difficult histories in the room, often difficulties that manifest as stuff (an image, a written document, a thing). I think asking ourselves how we do this is something we must always do. These histories are alive, they are not over. Racism and colonialism are the present we are in. So how we bring these histories into the room does matter. I

in The power of vulnerability