participants, the WhatsApp group became a key platform, which sought to curb the
stream of unsubstantiated rumours. Here, medical-humanitarian organisations
positioned themselves as brokers.
The relations between local humanitarian organisations’ teams and
journalists extended further. The representative stated: ‘We are all FB
[Facebook] friends. It’s a community’ (see also Zimmerman et al. ,
2019 : 23–4 on the ‘symbiotic relationship’ between
, 2015 ; Fast, 2017 ; Read et al. , 2016 ).
Digitisation – the collection, conversion, storage and sharing of data and
the use of digital technologies to collect and manage information about individuals
from affected communities – increasingly shapes understandings of need and
the response to emergencies. 2 This
use of digital technologies produces ‘digital bodies’ – images,
information, biometrics and other data stored in digital space – that
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
natural disasters or the immediate aftermath of a severe emergency. Construction in
such circumstances, however, can still be approached in a more bottom-up manner.
Many humanitarian agencies, for example, distribute building materials and train
local communities to ‘build back better’, rather than constructing
complete shelters themselves ( Lyons et
al. , 2010 ).
When it comes to refugees, constructing shelter from scratch can generate even bigger
opening for them to do this. It’s a Trojan horse’ (quoted in Priday, 2018 ).
The second priority is securing more stable funding for humanitarian journalism. This
includes, crucially, trustworthy information reaching those communities affected by disaster.
Following the work of organisations including the CDAC Network, Internews and BBC Media Action,
we know that this is a vital form of aid: people need information as they need water, food,
medicine and shelter. Information can save lives, build resilience, support livelihoods and
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian
as the number and variety of self-proclaimed humanitarian actors has grown, the
meaning of the word has become blurred and needs clarification. Claiming to be
‘neutral/impartial/independent’ in this new context amounts to waving
a white flag signalling that one has no enemies – in other words, a symbol
meant to distinguish an organisation from other relief groups with other intentions
(religious, community-based, political, commercial) but nothing more. That is
Early Anglo-Saxon cemeteries are well-known because of their rich grave goods,
but this wealth can obscure their importance as local phenomena and the product
of pluralistic multi-generational communities. This book explores over one
hundred early Anglo-Saxon and some Merovingian cemeteries and aims to understand
them using a multi-dimensional methodology. The performance of mortuary drama
was a physical communication and so needed syntax and semantics. This local
knowledge was used to negotiate the arrangement of cemetery spaces and to
construct the stories that were told within them. For some families the emphasis
of a mortuary ritual was on reinforcing and reproducing family narratives, but
this was only one technique used to arrange cemetery space. This book offers an
alternative way to explore the horizontal organisation of cemeteries from a
holistic perspective. Each chapter builds on the last, using visual aesthetics,
leitmotifs, spatial statistics, grave orientation, density of burial, mortuary
ritual, grave goods, grave robbing, barrows, integral structures, skeletal
trauma, stature, gender and age to build a detailed picture of complex mortuary
spaces. This approach places community at the forefront of interpretation
because people used and reused cemetery spaces and these people chose to
emphasise different characteristics of the deceased because of their own
attitudes, lifeways and lived experiences. This book will appeal to scholars of
Anglo-Saxon studies and will also be of value to archaeologists interested in
mortuary spaces, communities and social differentiation because it proposes a
way to move beyond grave goods in the discussion of complex social
This book outlines the ways in which sport helps to create transnational social fields that interconnect migrants dispersed across a region known as the Black Atlantic: England, North America and the Caribbean. Many Caribbean men’s stories about their experiences migrating to Canada, settling in Toronto’s urban and suburban neighbourhoods, finding jobs, returning home for visits, and traveling to other diasporic locations involved some contact with a cricket and social club. The cricket ground brings black Canadians together as a unified community, not only to celebrate their homeland cultures or assuage the pain of the “racial terror” that unifies the Black Atlantic, but also to allay the pain of aging in the diaspora. Players and spectators corporeal practices, post-game activities, sport-related travel, as well as music, food, meetings, fundraisers, parties, and shared stories are analysed in this text as resources deployed to maintain the Black Atlantic, that is, to create deterritorialized communities and racial identities; A close look at what goes on before, during, and after cricket matches provides insights into the contradictions and complexities of Afro-diasporic identity performances, the simultaneous representation of sameness and difference among Afro-Caribbean, African-American, Black British, Indo-Caribbean and South-Asian groups in Canada. This book describes twenty-one months of ethnographic empirical evidence of how black identities are gendered, age-dependent and formed relationally, with boundary making (and crossing) as an active process in multicultural Canada.
Drawing on nearly a decade of wide-ranging, multidisciplinary research undertaken with young people and adults living and working in urban communities in Zambia, this jointly-authored book extends existing understandings of the use of sport to contribute to global development agendas has burgeoned over the last two decades. The book’s locally-centred and contextualized analysis represents an important departure from both the internationalist and evaluation-orientated research that has predominated in global sport for development. Offering wide-ranging historical, political, economic and social contextualization, it examines how a key period in the expansion of the sport for development sector unfolded in Zambia; considers the significance of varying degrees of integration and partnership practices between sport for development and development agencies at different levels; and outlines approaches to the provision of sport for development activities in various communities. Detailed examination of the lives, experiences and responses of young people involved in these activities, drawn from their own accounts, is a key feature of the book. Concluding reflections identify possibilities for enhancing understanding and improving research and evidence through methodologies which ‘localise global sport for development’. The book’s unique approach and content will be highly relevant to academic researchers and students studying sport and development across many different contexts.
This book is based on a three-year international comparative study on poverty reduction and sustainability strategies . It provides evidence from twenty case studies around the world on the power and potential of community and higher education based scholars and activists working together in the co-creation of transformative knowledge. Opening with a theoretical overview of knowledge, democracy and action, the book is followed by analytical chapters providing lessons learned and capacity building, and on the theory and practice of community university research partnerships. It also includes lessons on models of evaluation, approaches to measuring the impact and an agenda for future research and policy recommendations. The book overviews the concept of engaged scholarship and then moves to focus on community-university research partnerships. It is based on a global empirical study of the role of community-university research partnerships within the context of poverty alleviation, the creation of sustainable societies and, broadly speaking, the Millennium Development Goals. The book frames the contribution of community-university research partnerships within a larger knowledge democracy framework, linking this practice to other spaces of knowledge democracy. These include the open access movement, new acceptance of the methods of community-based and participatory research and the call for cognitive justice or the need for epistemologies of the Global South. It takes a particular look at the variety of structures that have been created in the various universities and civil society research organizations to facilitate and enhance research partnerships.
This book explores two areas of interest: the Papal Inquisition in Modena and the status of Jews in an early modern Italian duchy. Its purpose is to deepen existing insights into the role of the former and thus lead to a better understanding of how an Inquisitorial court assumed jurisdiction over a practising Jewish community in the seventeenth century. The book highlights one specific aspect of the history of the Jews in Italy: the trials of professing Jews before the Papal Inquisition at the beginning of the seventeenth century. Inquisitorial processi against professing Jews provide the earliest known evidence of a branch of the Papal Inquisition taking judicial actions against Jews on an unprecedented scale and attempting systematically to discipline a Jewish community, pursuing this aim for several centuries. The book focuses on Inquisitorial activity during the first 40 years of the history of the tribunal in Modena, from 1598 to 1638, the year of the Jews' enclosure in the ghetto, the period which historians have argued was the most active in the Inquisition's history. It argues that trials of the two groups are different because the ecclesiastical tribunals viewed conversos as heretics but Jews as infidels. The book emphasizes the fundamental disparity in Inquisitorial procedure regarding Jews, as well as the evidence examined, especially in Modena. This was where the Duke uses the detailed testimony to be found in Inquisitorial trial transcripts to analyse Jewish interaction with Christian society in an early modern community.