Norman Flynn

countries) nor sufficiently distinct, unless set against a small set of ‘others’ and including various similar non-European welfare regimes, including Australia, New Zealand, Canada and probably Japan. Even a relatively small group of ‘European’ welfare states has a wide variety of origins and characteristics. To defend a European style of welfare regime against a neo-liberal style is therefore to defend variety. Fiscal pressures have followed the economic cycle, although possibly with growing amplitude, and have not yet resulted in an overall crisis, if such is defined

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Nico Randeraad

gold standard. Statisticians sought to combine the large and the small. They had cosmopolitan ideals but were also interested in the details. The congress met Quetelet’s universalist aspirations in one respect: non-Europeans attended each successive congress in increasing numbers. The United States, Brazil, Egypt and 187 afterword 9.indd 187 02/12/2009 12:16:52 States and statistics in the nineteenth century Japan sent representatives to Budapest. The ISI continued this trend. Evaluating the ‘technical’ achievements of the congress poses a greater challenge. In

in States and statistics in the nineteenth century
James Thompson

‘sensate democracy’ in Butler’s terms. While the examples I examine here are small in scale, somehow these moments opened up something wider and therefore, they suggest something grander as potential sources for gentler, kinder forms of inter-human relations. They were glimpses of an aesthetics of care, and, maybe, hints of a more hopeful, equitable way of being together. The Grandchildren of Hiroshima In April 2015, the London Bubble Theatre was working on a new performance piece in Hiroshima, Japan called The Grandchildren of Hiroshima as part of a project to

in Performing care
Open Access (free)
Paul Henley

1 The only comparable example known to me is from Japan, where television support of ethnographic film-making took the form of the series, Our Wonderful World . This was produced for a prime-time slot by the now-defunct company Nippon A-V from 1966 until 1990. Its focus was primarily on societies of the Asia-Pacific region, though it also featured films shot in Africa, South America and Europe. Although the films were not generally based on the work of academic anthropologists, they were often shot in an ethnographic

in Beyond observation
Open Access (free)
Jane Brooks

Negotiating nursing specific hospitals, such as the No. 1 Mobile Military Hospital, the first one of its kind to post female nurses to its contingent. A more detailed study of the work of military nurses with the female civilian inmates of Japanese POW camps would also provide additional important knowledge, as would an exploration of nurses’ work with psychiatrically damaged soldier-­patients. Nevertheless, despite these limitations, the value of this book lies in its examination of the manner in which nurses engaged with their patients and the innovative methods they

in Negotiating nursing
Disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914
Angharad Fletcher

part, as a catalyst for many of the operational changes listed above. Perceived crisis, as exemplified by the Second Boer War and outbreak of what was later referred to as the third plague pandemic, exist as disruptive events and reveal underlying and often invisible social, economic and political processes. The period between 1880 and 1914 encompassed various other examples of perceived crisis in which nurses played a vital role. Aya Takahashi, for example, has written eloquently about the transformative function of Japanese nurses during the Russo-Japanese war

in Colonial caring
Class polarisation and neo-liberalism in the Irish Republic
Kieran Allen

– followed by zero pay increases. Between 1985 and 1995, the average annual increase in hourly wages in US manufacturing was the lowest among the economies of the Group of Eight (G8), averaging 0.15 per cent, compared with 2.9 per cent in Japan and 2.85 per cent in Germany. By 1995, the average hourly wage for manufacturing production workers was $17.19 in the United States, $23.66 in Japan and $31.85 in Germany.10 In brief, the US boom coincided with an increased rate of exploitation. This was well expressed by Stephen Roach, the chief economist at the Morgan Stanley

in The end of Irish history?
Open Access (free)
Tim Di Muzio and Richard H. Robbins

story of humanity in the global age. Nok is a woman raised in rural Thailand and a seemingly willful participant in her own trafficking to Japan. According to her own account, her father was deeply in debt to credit and agricultural cooperatives because the money the family made from rice farming was insufficient to repay the interest, let alone the principal. In this predicament, Nok’s older sister had agreed to be trafficked to Japan in return for paying a debt of 3.5 million yen (about $34,000) to her traffickers. She worked in the sex industry and eventually paid

in Debt as Power
Elana Wilson Rowe

new batch of observer applications, including China, Japan, South Korea, Singapore and the European Union, became a late-​night, high-​political affair prior to the end of the Swedish chairmanship ministerial meeting in Kiruna (2013). Some states, namely Norway and Denmark, publicly went out with their support for the impending applications early on, even flagging their support for some of their Arctic strategies (e.g. MFA, Norway, 2011: 78). Others, such as the USA, Canada and Russia were taciturn. Interviews conducted with decision-​makers in 2013 indicated that

in Arctic governance
Open Access (free)
Kjell M. Torbiörn

. Share values plunged. Travel to and from the United States was halted for days. Trade in goods and services contracted. Terrorism had managed to strike at a nerve centre of the world’s most powerful nation. However, the United States and the rest of the world recovered with astounding speed. The US Federal Reserve lowered its policy-setting interest rates massively to revive the national economy. The European Central Bank, the Bank of England, the Bank of Japan and other central banks around the world followed. By early 2002, economic recovery was well under way, even

in Destination Europe