Search results

Open Access (free)
Reading Close Combat
Barry Atkins

4 Replaying history: reading Close Combat Close Combat [inc. Close Combat (1996), Close Combat II: A Bridge Too Far (1997), Close Combat III: The Russian Front (1998), Close Combat IV: The Battle of the Bulge (1999), Close Combat: Invasion Normandy (2000)]. Real-time strategy/wargame. As the titles indicate, various episodes are set in different military campaigns during the Second World War. The game is split between the strategic management of large formations on campaign maps and the tactical control (in ‘real-time’) of small numbers of troops on battlefield

in More than a game
Communism, post-Communism, and the war in Croatia
David Bruce MacDonald

2441Chapter7 16/10/02 8:06 am Page 183 7 Tito’s Yugoslavia and after: Communism, post-Communism, and the war in Croatia Not only is the Yugoslav reality as twisted as the tunnels that held the Minotaur, but the observer keeps coming face to face with himself, seeing his own image spring out from what he thinks are the events of history, unable to separate projection from observation, fact from reflection, self from other. (E. A. Hammel in The Yugoslav Labyrinth) After the Second World War and the devastation caused by German and Italian invasion, the

in Balkan holocausts?
Open Access (free)
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

is one of the vaguest branches of international law. We are told that intervention is a right; that it is a crime; that it is the rule; that it is the exception; that it is never permissible at all’. 3 Following the Second World War the problem with intervention continued to be discussed in the international law and international relations literature. 4 In the post-Cold War era, with increasing interventionism, interest hardly diminished, the main

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
James E. Connolly

other. Lynne Taylor has criticised the focus in Second World War historiography on the extremes of resistance and collaboration and emphasised the grey zones in between;1 in the context of 1914–​18, criminality represents one of many such grey zones. Nevertheless, the occupied culture was itself especially concerned with the extremes of behaviour, often understood through the lens of respectability. This part of the book considers the other side of the spectrum, a key aspect of the way in which locals understood and reacted to the occupation: opposition and resistance

in The experience of occupation in the Nord, 1914– 18
Open Access (free)
Michael Lawrence and Rachel Tavernor

media culture is beyond the scope of this introduction and book; however, with this collection we intend to understand some of the longer historical, cultural and political contexts that shape how humanitarian relationships have been mediated since the Second World War. As Simon Cottle and Glenda Cooper suggest, ‘media and communications … have entered increasingly and sometimes profoundly into the contemporary field of humanitarianism and this

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Katie Pickles

president always made a substantial address. Because the national headquarters was in Toronto, at 182 Lowther Street, in a home donated by the Eaton family, the department-store magnates, the IODE’s national presidents have come largely from Toronto, or nearby parts of Ontario. Prior to the Second World War it was not unusual for national presidents to serve for many years. In the postwar period, however, two

in Female imperialism and national identity
Open Access (free)
Jonathan Colman

during the war’ and endured well beyond 1945. 10 Anglo-American ties had a number of distinctive features. Firstly, notes Reynolds, there were the consultative ties between the two bureaucracies, which expressed themselves in regular and informal consultations between Washington and London. Secondly, there was the intelligence axis created during the Second World War and revived under the UKUSA agreements of

in A ‘special relationship’?
Open Access (free)
Antonín Salač and the French School at Athens
Thea De Armond

benevolent French oversight to independent archaeological excavations – and an archaeological institute – has been traversed by a number of states, which once had foreign members at the French School. The Swedish Institute at Athens, for one, was established shortly after the Second World War (you will recall that Picard invoked the excavations of Sweden’s Axel Persson, Salač’s colleague in the Foreign Section, as a model for Salač’s Samothraki excavations). Belgium, too, the only country to sign a convention with France to facilitate its sending students to the French

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
The Marshall Plan films about Greece
Katerina Loukopoulou

moment in the long history of this relationship; they were part of one of the first post-Second World War audio-visual campaigns to promote a humanitarian cause at a transnational level. The Marshall Plan (MP) is the widely used term to describe the European Recovery Program (ERP), that is the material aid that the United States sent to the devastated economies of Western Europe to help

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Alex J. Bellamy

, Radiç received nine pages and Tuœman received thirty-two.6 The linkage between party, president and state was a deliberate policy that formed the cornerstone of the HDZ project in the 1990s. Franjo Tuœman described himself as a ‘Croatian historian, politician and statesman’.7 He was born in 1922 north of Zagreb, in the same district that Tito was born in. His parents were Radiç supporters and when the Second World War broke out he joined Tito’s communist Partisans. After the war, he rose to the position of Major-General in the JNA. He wrote his doctoral thesis on the

in The formation of Croatian national identity