Open Access (free)
Relations between the European Union and Mercosur
Arantza Gomez Arana

aspirations. Here it is suggested that if the EU increased its involvement in international affairs, it would be expected that the EU would become further involved in Latin America. The third way of explaining the development of EU policy towards Latin America is related to the promotion of regional integration abroad. This argument suggests that if there is greater regional integration within Latin America, then it is likely that the EU’s involvement in the region will also increase. The fourth explanation that is offered in the literature relates to the EU’s long

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
Cas Mudde

towards statist and militarist thinking and a foreign policy preference for pro-Western or European-neutralist approaches’, as well as a fierce anti-communism (Stöss 1988: 37). The parties of the New Nationalism want to find a ‘new political credo’ and look for a so-called ‘third way’; a concept that has always remained rather vague and is mostly used to indicate an economic system different from both capitalism and communism and a foreign policy of a neutral Europe free of both the East and West, i.e. of the United States. There are some problems with Stöss

in The ideology of the extreme right
Open Access (free)
Cas Mudde

programmes, mainly features neo-liberal rhetoric and preoccupations, the party programme seeks its inspiration in so-called solidarism.11 Solidarism is an ideology composed of a ‘social-ethical triptych’: the idea of solidarity, the principle of subsidiarity and tolerance (VB 1990: 9). A solidarist system is an organic structure of smaller and larger communities that blend into one harmonious entity. Without using the term the VB seems to aspire to a ‘third way’, i.e. an alternative societal system to ‘both the liberalistic capitalism of exploitation [and] the Marxist and

in The ideology of the extreme right
Andrew Bowie

definitive account of what our thinking is, beyond its being a capacity for synthesis, and given that thinking itself relies on natural processes (while not being reducible to them), this is not a mystical question. The fact is that in these terms our capacity for manipulation of nature depends on something which is as cognitively inaccessible to us as nature is in itself. Kant’s attention in the CJ to trying to link our cognitive and ethical capacities via a third way of relating to the world also points to his awareness of the dangers that may result if we cannot make

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

above and beyond the political events noted here, ideological, economic and social motives came into play in the rise of Islam in Turkey. The crisis of communism throughout the world and the repression of the Turkish left channeled many marginal or extreme groups to another radical alternative –Islam. When growing portions of the population fail to ameliorate their lot through modernization, the answer to inflation, unemployment, uncontrolled urbanization and exorbitant real estate costs, slums and alienation, is Islam. Islam seemed to offer a third way: neither

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Alex J. Bellamy

.108 This ‘third way’ drew upon Radiç’s legacy and a tradition of Croatian middle-class thinking that was developing at the turn of the twentieth century. Budi°a gave the HSLS a confident national outlook, arguing that the liberals played a vital role in securing independence for Croatia and that they most accurately reflected the aspirations and history of the Croatian people.109 Budi°a argued that the rule of law should provide equality of opportunity and that the core principle of governance should be subsidiarity, allowing individuals to shape the national

in The formation of Croatian national identity
Gender and contemporary fantasies of witchcraft
Alison Rowlands

to be taken seriously by the council and were regarded as in need of better religious instruction and of rescuing from the GENDER AND CONTEMPORARY FANTASIES OF WITCHCRAFT 161 clutches of their evil seducers rather than punishment. The boys’ youth rather than their gender thus shaped the handling of their cases. Hans Gackstatt was treated more harshly in 1587 but the council’s severity towards him can be accounted for by its initial uncertainty about how to treat child-witches and by Hans’ inconsistency under interrogation.161 The third way in which men could

in Witchcraft narratives in Germany
Open Access (free)
Geoffrey K. Roberts
Patricia Hogwood

third way’ which would produce a democratic but socialist form of state within the GDR. [See also: reunification of Germany*] Böll, Heinrich German author and political campaigner. Böll was born in Cologne in 1917. After the Second World War he became renowned for his novels and short stories, dealing with life in the Nazi period, the war and the post-war years. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Bonnie Evans

creation of Tony Blair’s ‘third way’ and beyond. Nikolas Rose has questioned whether neoliberal policies of marketisation and privatisation have caused the ‘death of the social’, leading to a form of economic government in which active entrepreneurial citizens are encouraged to model their own lives through engaging in a market for welfare products such

in The metamorphosis of autism