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The hygienic utopia in Jules Verne, Camille Flammarion, and William Morris
Manon Mathias

Otis has shown that the germ theory of disease was crucially intertwined in the late nineteenth century with concepts of invasion and colonialism, especially in France and Britain: ‘if one believes that invisible germs, spread by human contact, can make one sick, one becomes more and more anxious about penetration and about any connection with other people – the same anxieties inspired by imperialism’. 96 These comments are particularly pertinent to the context of Bégum and Uranie , written after France's bitter

in Progress and pathology
Guerrilla nursing with the Friends Ambulance Unit, 1946–48
Susan Armstrong-Reid

ashes of global war and colonialism during the Cold War era. In so doing, it refocuses scholarly inquiry in new and important directions. Reframing transnational studies of global nursing  – to foreground the complexities of moving ideas, resources and personnel across borders as part of a multidirectional process in which neutrality, impartiality and autonomy had to be continuously negotiated – better contextualises FAU nurses’ humanitarian endeavours, and offers timely and important perspectives for contemporary humanitarian nursing. The ability of China Convoy

in Colonial caring
The case of the Netherlands
Stuart Blume

, 1993); A. Bashford, ‘Foreign Bodies. Vaccination, Contagion and Colonialism in the 19th Century’, in A. Bashford and C. Hooker (eds), Contagion. Historical and Cultural Studies (New York and London: Routledge, 2001), pp. 39–60. 4 See for example M. Cueto (ed.), Missionaries of Science. The Rockefeller

in The politics of vaccination
Liesbeth Hesselink

professional nurses was only heightened by changes in the colonial policy. Colonial policy Although the Dutch had been present in the Indonesian archipelago since the early seventeenth century, fully fledged colonialism only developed in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Technical and economic changes as well as a new psychological mix of both Western superiority and social concerns resulted in a renewed sense of a ‘civilising mission’ and a more active colonial policy. Termed the Ethical Policy, it was the Dutch version of the British ‘white man’s burden’ or

in Colonial caring
Disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914
Angharad Fletcher

, ‘Second opinion:  making global health histories:  the postcolonial worldliness of biomedicine’, Social History of Medicine, 27 (2014), 372–84.  6 See S.  Hodges, ‘The global menace’, Social History of Medicine, 25 (2012), 719–28.  7 The passenger manifest of the Canton has her returning for her second stint in Hong Kong on 4 March 1898. Ancestry.com, ‘UK, Outward Passenger Lists, 1890–1960’.  8 Nursing Record and Hospital World, 2 July 1898, p. 6, and British Journal of Nursing, 7 February 1903, p. 103.  9 C. Anderson, Subaltern Lives: Biographies of Colonialism in

in Colonial caring
Colonialism and Native Health nursing in New Zealand, 1900–40
Linda Bryder

4 ‘They do what you wish; they like you; you the good nurse!’:1 colonialism and Native Health nursing in New Zealand, 1900–40 Linda Bryder Introduction In 1911 New Zealand’s Department of Public Health launched its Native Health nursing scheme, to serve the health needs of the local indigenous population, the Māori.2 At that time the Māori population numbered about 52,000; most lived in extremely isolated small communities and had much poorer health standards than non-Māori. The circular announcing the scheme explained that the appointees would be trained

in Colonial caring
American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–30
Winifred C. Connerton

Winifred C. Connerton  5 R. L.  Beisner, Twelve against Empire:  The Anti-Imperialists, 1898–1900 (New  York:  McGraw-Hill, 1968); E.  B. Tompkins, Anti-Imperialism in the United States:  The Great Debate, 1890–1920 (Philadelphia:  University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970).  6 J. Go, American Empire and the Politics of Meaning: Elite Political Cultures in the Philippines and Puerto Rico during U.S. Colonialism (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2008), p. 27.  7 G. W. Davis, Annual Report to the Secretary of War on Civil Affairs of Porto Rico (Washington, DC:  Government

in Colonial caring
The short history of Indian doctors in the Colonial Medical Service, British East Africa
Anna Greenwood and Harshad Topiwala

Concurrently, Indian doctors were also employed in other capacities supportive to British colonialism: they were imported to serve the health of the Indian regiments billeted in East Africa, and also to provide basic medical services to the thousands of indentured Indian labourers working on the Uganda Railway. 19 Western medical education in India One of the reasons why Indian

in Beyond the state
Louis James

was Franz Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth which, backed by Fanon’s experience of the bloody Algerian war of liberation, asserted that only violence could shake off the psychic legacy of colonialism. At black activist centres like the West Indian Students Union, I was treated with an extraordinary courtesy that my black counterpart would certainly not have met with on the other side of the racial

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Yolande Jansen, Jasmijn Leeuwenkamp, and Leire Urricelqui

, violent, inhuman dimensions by externalizing them either outside of Europe (colonial violence) or by transformations into fascism, totalitarianism or racism against the ‘Other’ of the Enlightenment. Thus, these post-isms imply a distance taken from modernity itself and the ideologies and practices that had shaped it, such as colonialism, humanism, liberalism, historicism, Enlightenment, capitalism, communism, and the ‘grand narratives’ of ‘Man’ and history. During the 1980s, at the time of the ‘end of isms

in Post-everything