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Open Access (free)
Steven Fielding

moved by a young delegate who declared that, to those of her generation, sections appeared to serve ‘no apparent purpose [other] than to bring together like minded people for pleasant, if rather aimless social occasions’.34 While this view was again rejected, some continued to imagine that the very existence of women’s sections perpetuated discrimination, as they gave some men the excuse they needed to deny women a proper say in the party as a whole.35 Despite these challenges, the prevailing view among those 300 or so women who attended their national conference

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1
Reordering privilege and prejudice
Hilary Pilkington

‘different but equal’ culture, Lentin (2014: 1275–76) argues, has obscured the experience of racism and reduced the struggle for equality and justice to a fight for the recognition of cultural identity. From a political perspective, in the post-9/11 context, multiculturalism is increasingly interpreted as ‘part of the problem not the solution’ (Kundnani, 2004: 108) to racism and ethnic discrimination. In this understanding the ‘problem’ is not inequality or deprivation of ‘minority’ communities but self-imposed cultural barriers between communities that hinder the full

in Loud and proud
Open Access (free)
Anthony Coates

among just war theorists about their number, nature, or manner of application, the following criteria are now commonly acknowledged: in respect of the recourse to war ( ius ad bellum ), legitimate authority, just cause, right intention, proportionality, prospects of success, and last resort; in respect of the conduct of war ( ius in bello ), proportionality and discrimination (or noncombatant immunity). The ambiguity of just war

in Political concepts
Birgitta Åseskog

public sector in care- and service-related jobs, men in private enterprises; and women have non-managerial jobs, whereas men form the majority of managers and bosses. There are also differences in earnings between women and men (between 11 and 12 per cent in industry) although the differences have decreased since the 1980s. The sex-segregated labour market is one of the explanations for the wage gap between women and men. Sex segregation is more of a problem than direct wage discrimination since the wages are low in those workplaces and positions in which women work

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Aspirations to non-racism
Hilary Pilkington

: 652; Paul, 2014: 703) but constituted, rather, as ‘a practice with no solid basis outside the discursive, material, structural and embodied configurations through which it is repetitively enacted, performed and, tenuously, secured’ (Nayak, 2006: 423). The second is that racism – discrimination against those to whom ‘other’ racial characteristics are ascribed – continues to exist. It follows that, as long as the social effects of being ‘racialised’ are in evidence, then ‘race’ itself is phenomenally real (Paul, 2014: 705). The third widely accepted proposition is

in Loud and proud
Christopher T. Marsden

discrimination in 2001. 4 The second is delay: attempting switching/transparency solutions throughout the period since 2006. This achieved some success: changes in General Conditions in 2006–08, supplemented in 2011. 5 Ofcom also pioneered Quality of Experience measurement, using SamKnows to measure performance from 2010. The third element is to degrade and obfuscate the debate, from a

in Network neutrality
Open Access (free)
Strangers among citizens

countries. Roma are mostly citizens but have been constructed as aliens and presented as Europe's own internal outsiders (Powell and Lever, 2015 ). Romani minorities have not come from ‘anywhere else’ but have been considered strangers among citizens. Romani activists around Europe have been addressing ethnic discrimination faced by Roma at least since the establishment of the World Romani Congress (later named the International Romani Union) in 1971 (Nirenberg, 2009 ; Donert, 2017 ). However, international organisations started referring to Roma as

in The Fringes of Citizenship
Open Access (free)
Passion and politics
Hilary Pilkington

racism. Thus central to the non-racism claimed by EDL activists is the appeal to a simple, and narrow, definition of ‘race’ and racism rooted not in a consistently post-racialist politics but akin to the ‘post-race’ argument, which does not deny the ‘reality’ of race but argues that it should not be grounds for prejudice and discrimination. This, of course, leaves the movement and its participants open to the accusation that they underestimate the continued impacts of racisms. This is evident in the presence of a range of ‘everyday’ racisms in EDL milieux and

in Loud and proud
Introduction and overview
Damian Grimshaw
Colette Fagan
Gail Hebson
, and
Isabel Tavora

discrimination, gender inequalities in domestic labour, and the interplay of household and workplace power relations. Three insights are fundamental for our focus here. Firstly, feminist socio-economics demonstrates that the interaction between the spheres of production and social reproduction is central to the gendered structuring of labour market segmentation (Folbre, 1994; Humphries and Rubery, 1984). Early labour market segmentation theory usefully veered off to the demand side in a rejection of neoclassical economists’ assumed supplyside logic, but failed to revisit the

in Making work more equal
Institutions and the challenges of refugee governance
Dalia Abdelhady

, Culture and Control Over Immigrants’ Living Conditions: Multidimensional Perspectives on Structural Discrimination in Sweden). Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, pp. 535–543. By, U. (2015a). Studiecirklar ska ge avbrott i väntan (Study Circles Will be Interrupted in Waiting), Dagens Nyheter, 31 August, p. 4. By, U. (2015b). Här kartläggs flyktingbarn inför skolstarten (Here Refugee Children Are Surveyed Before Starting School), Dagens Nyheter, 10 October, p. 4. Chavez, L. (2001). Covering Immigration: Popular Images and the Politics of the Nation. Berkeley

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe