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Laura Chrisman

. The South African left and labour movements (in comparison with Western Europe) still have, it seems to me, the potential for active representation in government power and economic policy. If such potential is threatened by the dominance of the ANC, why must the only response be the renunciation of formal ties with the ANC and the development of a counter-hegemonic bloc, derived from cultural differences, and situated somewhere in civil society? This may be a very important project to develop, but it need not and cannot be the only one. Ultimately, Farred’s social

in Postcolonial contraventions
The European Union and social democratic identity
Gerassimos Moschonas

anti-European associations, anti-globalisation or alternative globalisation movements) who aspire to change the EU’s economic policy and institutional architecture. This problem of collective action is doubly strategic: there is no Winter Palace to occupy or surround in the European political system; there is no royal road for prompting and coordinating the mobilisation of actors with highly diverse sensibilities, cultures and interests. Naturally, this problem of collective action and coordination is common to all political parties and families. Nevertheless, it

in In search of social democracy
David Hume’s History of England
Ben Dew

Hume’s contention, therefore, was that the needs of commerce and industry, phenomena that could only be understood through a knowledge of people’s natural passions and desires, provided the criteria for assessing economic policy. T H E E N D O F E C O N O M I C S T A T E C R A F T 175 2. Hume’s History of England The History of England was anchored in the broad historiographical framework that Hume had established in ‘Of the Rise of the Arts and Sciences’. The result, as Pocock has argued, was a work written in ‘the double key of political narrative and

in Commerce, finance and statecraft
Open Access (free)
Rhiannon Vickers

empire, in particular through the working of the sterling area dollar pool.33 This meant that certain colonial countries within the sterling area – whose currencies were fixed to the British currency – paid dollars into a central pool of gold and dollars held by the Bank of England, in exchange for sterling. However, this occurred in part because of Britain’s economic problems, in particular its balance-of-payments deficit and need for dollars, rather than through the implementation of a traditional imperial foreign and economic policy, and because Labour never really

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
An assessment of EU development aid policies
William Brown

, having previously concentrated on large-scale project funding with a strong state-centred focus. However, it was the Bank which first introduced special funds for adjustment in 1979, with loans provided for programmes of economic policy reforms intended to achieve a restructuring of the economies in developing countries (Stevens and Killick, 1989; Mosley et al., 1991). Signalling its new approach and under the influence of the Reagan administration in the US, in 1981 the World Bank published what became known as the ‘Berg Report’ which argued for a reduction in state

in EU development cooperation
Fighting a tropical scourge, modernising the nation
Jaime Benchimol

domestic product was growing at over 10 per cent a year. 72 Economic policy prioritised durable consumer goods, energy, and transport and communication industries, combining foreign borrowing, tax breaks for major national and foreign investors, wage squeezes, and political and trade union repression. There was a marked concentration of wealth, the public sector and state companies expanded, family and subsistence farming declined, and

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
Liberal reform and the creation of new conflict economies
Jenny H. Peterson

organisations ‘put aside their proposed ideological neutrality to adopt an overt neo liberal programme’ (Bhatia, 2005: 206). Thus, while often portrayed as a neutral economic policy, privatisation is in fact an inherently political tool through which liberal peace is installed. As early as the Ramboiullet conference which took place before the NATO-led war in Kosovo, the goal of transforming Kosovo into a free market economy was clear with Article 1 of the agreement specifically calling for privatisation (Talbot, 2000: 105). This desire to liberalise Kosovo’s economy can thus

in Building a peace economy?
Patrick Doyle

safety for the people in Ireland demands a complete change in economic policy here … we must aim at making Ireland self-supporting in respect of food and only sell the surplus’. 67 A change in economic policy soon arrived, but not one to Æ's liking. Æ watched how the state in Ireland changed over the course of the war with horror. He viewed the attempt to reorganise the food supply and agriculture in particular, under a new regime of control regulations as an assault on the achievements made by the co-operative movement in previous years. The

in Civilising rural Ireland
Open Access (free)
Crisis, reform and recovery
Shalendra D. Sharma

Korean economy seemed well managed and sound. In November 1997, when Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines were in the throes of a deepening financial turmoil, the headlines in the Korean media consisted mainly of stories dealing with the upcoming presidential election. Thus, on November 19, when President Kim Young Sam announced his decision to fire several key economic policy-makers on the grounds of gross economic mismanagement, most Koreans were surprised at the news. However, two days later, on the morning of November 21, the Korean public, and also many

in The Asian financial crisis
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

capital between the member states; the co-ordination of national economic policies; and a common trade policy towards other countries. The Benelux model strongly influenced the European Economic Community (1958), of which Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands were founder members. Berlin airlift [See: Berlin blockade] Berlin blockade The closure by the USSR occupying power of the road

in The politics today companion to West European Politics