Open Access (free)
R. A. Melikan

examine international trials for war crimes – what are sometimes referred to as breaches of international humanitarian law – and human rights violations. The twentieth century witnessed the creation of an apparently impressive range of international tribunals with authority to consider such offences: the International Court of Justice, the European Court of Human Rights, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and the African Court of Human Rights. All of these, however, adjudicated state responsibility for violations of international law; they did not have

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Iver B. Neumann

Kosovo war is a crucial part of two on-going shifts. First, it is increasingly time that the actors going to war are states acting in alliance – and in the name of humanity. Second, war is legitimised less by reference to the safeguarding of state citizens and their well-being, and more in terms of infringements on human rights. It is further argued that one vital precondition for this shift is that

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
M. Anne Brown

and which has a reasonably active record of human rights promotion internationally. Meanwhile, in the conditions in which most Aboriginal Australians live their lives, their ‘life chances’ – understood as access to health, education and employment – are comparable to those of people in a poor Third World economy; for many Aborigines participation in decision making concerning basic control over their own lives and environment has, at least until the mid-1980s, been at a lower level than that routinely available in many highly authoritarian societies, and the extent

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

human rights of the Conservatives’ increasingly severe policies. 80 Understanding British and European political issues The election campaign of 1979 marks a clear end to the consensus. The Labour party was still arguing that economic prosperity and reduced unemployment would solve many of the problems of crime. Restoration of communities, better housing and social services were also seen as basic answers. This was rejected by the Conservatives who actually blamed many of the policies of the Labour government of 1974–79 for the rising crime rate. Labour’s ‘soft

in Understanding British and European political issues
Anu Koivunen, Katariina Kyrölä, and Ingrid Ryberg

be used at all in some contexts. In Butler’s (2016:  25) words, undoing the binary between vulnerability and resistance is a feminist task, but ‘vulnerability cannot be the basis of group identification without strengthening paternalistic power’. She further critiques human rights discourse and legal regimes for ignoring ‘modes of political agency and resistance within so-​called vulnerable populations’, seeing them instead as in need of institutional or state protection and advocacy (Butler, 2016:  24–​5). On the other hand, feminist scholars such as Alyson Cole

in The power of vulnerability
School segregation of Romani children

Međimurje, to suffer the Roma terror , which has lasted over twenty years’ ( Međimurjepress , 2019 ; my emphasis and translation). 2 The organisers claimed that their protest was to highlight the problem of petty crimes alleged to be mostly committed by the local Roma in Međimurje. They claimed that Romani petty criminals were violating the human rights of the local majority population, especially the right to a normal life (Vlasić, 2019 ). Whilst some local Romani representatives supported and even joined the protest

in The Fringes of Citizenship
Open Access (free)
M. Anne Brown

of East Timor were shaped within a preponderantly realist understanding of international possibilities. The polarisation of pragmatics and principle – a polarisation that shapes much study of international relations as well as much rights talk – was a distinct feature of this approach. To emphasise human rights promotion as grounded in exchange with the actual patterns of social practice involved casts a different light on the apparent self-evidence of that polarisation, as the story of East Timor suggests. Now the territory is administered by the liberal

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Crafting authoritarian regimes in Russia’s regions and republics
Cameron Ross

FAD9 10/17/2002 6:03 PM Page 157 9 From constitutional to political asymmetry: crafting authoritarian regimes in Russia’s regions and republics Russia’s constitutional asymmetry has prevented the development of universal norms of citizenship and human rights in the federation. As long as republic and regional leaders pledged support for Yeltsin and ‘brought home the bacon’, in the way of ethnic stability, tax revenues and electoral support, federal authorities have been quite happy to turn a blind eye to the flagrant violations of the Russian Constitution by

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia
Yulia Karpova

individuality in the world of uniform mass production and consumption, the fate of traditional crafts in an industrial age, the role of diverse folk motifs in Soviet cultural internationalism and the meaning of sincerity and emotional connection in a socialist society guided by Party dogmas. Working within the framework of Soviet institutions and policy guidelines, decorative artists and critics of the 1960s advocated for the personal freedom of artists and of ordinary people without explicitly resorting to the language of human rights and civil society.80 Simultaneously, the

in Comradely objects
M. Anne Brown

The approach taken to human rights and rights promotion in the following case studies flows from the themes raised in Part I. Two simple ideas here are primary. The first is that notions of human rights, at their most fundamental level of significance, are one way of dealing with the perennial problems of the systemic infliction of suffering, particularly gross suffering, as a mechanism or a function of political organisation. That is, human rights practices are one way of articulating and working against

in Human rights and the borders of suffering