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identified the importance of inequality between individuals, sexes, nations and races, the will to power of Übermenschen (‘Supermen’) who create their own morality. Fascists, especially Nazis, seized on Nietzsche’s ideas of society as made up of the leader, the elite and the masses – the ‘true’ democracy’. The Nazis added a fourth group, the Untermensch (‘sub-human’), parasitic on society and doomed to

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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changing patterns of sexual morality, a decline in marriage, more single parents, a growing acceptance of homosexuality. Here, a morally neutral position was advanced, emphasising ‘tolerance’ and ‘compassion’. Michael Portillo, a leading shadow cabinet member, admitted to homosexual behaviour in his youth and received support from Hague for his honesty. A general policy of ‘inclusion’ of groups not historically associated with

in Understanding political ideas and movements

must we … negotiate the relation between the calculable and the incalculable … but we must take it as far as possible, beyond the place we find ourselves and beyond the already identifiable zones of morality or politics or law, beyond the distinction between national and international, public and private, and so on.24 This quotation, and others from the same source, had prompted the editors of the journal to ask for more unpacking and clarification.25 The humanitarian practitioner clearly understood it immediately. It reflected his everyday predicament, and the

in Change and the politics of certainty

’t consciously realised there was a calculation to be made’, and according to Frayn’s final scenario, Bohr deliberately left him in his state of ignorance.22 Uncertainty and complementarity The re-enactments are fascinating, and raise challenging questions of motive and morality. But the play leaves us questioning more than what the purposes of the meeting were. In the end Frayn is less concerned with the purpose behind Heisenberg’s visit, or with establishing what happened or who was responsible, than he is with exploring how the answers to any of these inevitable questions

in Change and the politics of certainty
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with(in) the family itself. Hence, it should support organisations and educational programmes that are pro-family and anti-abortion, and help to create a family friendly economy, chiefly through tax reductions for (large) families and through a split of the Belgian system of social security. The VB considers attention to the issues of AIDS and drugs, which feature prominently in the more recent party literature (e.g. De Man 1993), as the means of reaching the youth with its call for a new morality. Both are linked to immigration and the general process of moral decay

in The ideology of the extreme right

workingclass solidarity, the sanctity of international law, and the expression of international morality, and said that the party ‘regards victory as the Vic06 10/15/03 2:11 PM Page 141 HITLER, MUNICH AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR 141 only basis upon which the achievement of its ideals becomes possible’.40 The party thus could present the war as compatible with earlier foreign policy statements. Attlee said at the 1940 annual conference that ‘We have to preserve the hope of our movement. Whatever may be the conditions in capitalist democracies, there is always that hope

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1

the radical free market economy, including breach of promise. Thus, anything that can stabilise 233 Georg Elwert relationships of trust is particularly in demand. Associations based on religion, language, origins or (secret) associations are created. Efforts are made to mark out small areas of internal morality, areas in which violence is eliminated and trust established, within the radical free market, which permits all violence and breach of honour. The invention of an ethnic group or religious community is one way of doing this. In Somalia and Afghanistan, for

in Potentials of disorder
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Fifth Estate’s critique of the megamachine

contact. Everywhere, technique produces the same results, and cannot therefore be assimilated. It is autonomous. Since efficiency is the only criterion for success, technique is autonomous of morality, and of politics and economics, which will change to suit its needs and requirements. Humans, as a potential source of error and inefficiency, must be eliminated from technical systems wherever possible; where humans are still necessary for the functioning of the system they must capitulate to the necessity of technique. Consequently, human freedom is constrained by

in Changing anarchism
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The Debt–Growth–Inequality Nexus

103 most famous names in the world of vulture funds, to purchase sovereign debt of other indebted countries and demand full payment of the debts. The problem that has been raised has to do with the morality of these transactions. The money that is flowing to investors in these funds is money that is often being taken away from investments in education, health, and poverty alleviation in these countries (Palast 2014). Take the region of sub-Saharan Africa, for example. This region pays $10 billion every year in debt service. That is about four times as much money as

in Debt as Power
The Moslem question in Bosnia-Hercegovina

place, there were signs that the Bosnian government, feeling that it now had nothing to lose, began imposing a distinctly Islamic morality on the territory it still controlled. Several officials in the Bosnian government spoke out against mixed marriages, arguing that they were doomed to failure and should be opposed. Mustafa Ceric, the Grand Mufti of Bosnia, opined that while the policy of systematic rape was ‘horrible and incomprehensible’, it was ‘less painful and easier to accept than all those mixed marriages and all those children born of mixed marriages’.96 The

in Balkan holocausts?