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Open Access (free)
Simon Mabon

. 2 Ibid., p. 13. 3 Juan J. Linz, ‘An Authoritarian Regime: Spain’, in Erik Allardt and Stein Rokkam (ed.), Mass Politics: Studies in Political Sociology (New York: Free Press, 1970), p. 255. 4 See, in particular, the work of Rolf Schwarz, ‘The Political Economy of State-​ Formation in the Arab Middle East: Rentier States, Economic Reform and Democratization’, Review of International Political Economy, 15 (2008), 599–​621. 5 Ilkay Sunar, ‘The Politics of State Interventionism in “Populist” Egypt and Turkey’, research paper, Bogazici University, Istanbul

in Houses built on sand
An assessment of EU development aid policies
William Brown

included notions of a partnership of equals, of an attempt to rid the EU–ACP relationship of ‘neo-colonialism’ and, for the ACP at least, of the need to reform the international political economy. Thus the modalities of aid provision in the Convention reflected the political character of EU–ACP relations at the time. Aid was to be administered jointly by the two parties, with the ACP possessing the sole right to propose development projects for EU funding. Aid granted by the EU was on a contractual basis, establishing an ACP country’s right to a given amount of aid

in EU development cooperation
Managing the criminal facets of war economies
Jenny H. Peterson

justice in the post-conflict phase, with the benefits of programming contributing to a more equitable society. These justifications for the importance of RoL programming in the transformation agenda are strengthened by the fact that in some cases individuals working within RoL institutions are themselves active in modes of criminality that contribute to political economies of violence (Brand, 2002; Dziedzic et al., 2002; Heinemann-Grüder and Grebenschikov, 2006). Security agents, both local and international, are known to be either the direct beneficiaries of conflict

in Building a peace economy?
Learning from the case of Kosovo
Jenny H. Peterson

violence between its two main ethnic groups or the ethics and legality of the NATO intervention there in 1999. Unlike other civil wars, the economic dynamics of this conflict have received much less attention in terms of academic investigations into the political-economy of conflict. However, the same economic processes and relationships which in both academic and policy circles are cited as impacting more ‘infamous’ war economies, such as those in Sierra Leone and Afghanistan, have been well documented by aid practitioners and policy makers as having impacted upon the

in Building a peace economy?
Pier Paolo Saviotti

. Arthur, W. B. (1989), ‘Competing technologies, increasing returns, and lock-in by historical events’, Economic Journal, 99, pp. 116–31. Arthur, W. B. (1994), Increasing Returns and Path Dependence in the Economy, Ann Arbor MI, University of Michigan Press. Aversi, R., Dosi, G., Fagiolo, G., Meacci, M., and Olivetti, C. (1999), ‘Demand dynamics with socially evolving preferences’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 8, pp. 353–99. Bonus, H. (1973), ‘Quasi-Engel curves, diffusion and the ownership of major consumer durables’, Journal of Political Economy, 81 (3), pp. 655

in Innovation by demand
Open Access (free)
Patrick Doyle

and onwards. In putting forward an economic plan rooted in a political economy of communalism, co-operators worked along a paradigm of modernisation that stressed the importance of social value and sustainable communities as well as that of increased productivity. The historical understanding of modernisation applied to Ireland is a complicated one. However, the historiography stresses how the increased social and economic liberalism that became apparent throughout the twentieth century represents Ireland's embrace of modernity. R.F. Foster argues that ‘a good deal

in Civilising rural Ireland
Why modern African economies are dependent on mineral resources
Keith Breckenridge

different to the other areas of economic activity on the continent. Mines are important, especially to foreign investors and African states, because it is very difficult to extract, and accumulate, capital in agriculture, trade and industry. It is difficult to resist the conclusion that mining worked in the twentieth century throughout much of Africa because, like eighteenth- and nineteenth-century slavery, it was ‘the only form of private, revenue-producing property in African law’ (Thornton 1992: 74). Mining worked very well under the political economy of colonial rule

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Fetters of an American farmgirl
R.J. Ellis

labour upon his land but rather rides or rambles over it, recurrently in a supervisory capacity (SW, pp. 389, 552, 556). This is, of course, a matter of political economy; Jefferson both celebrates self-sufficiency yet also acknowledges that he is able to enjoy his civilised life through entering the field of commerce. As Charles A. Miller comments: ‘Jefferson wanted it both ways’ in that ‘If American farmers took seriously the doctrines of independence and self-sufficiency, they would not produce for commerce at all’.44 In the same way the dignity of self-sufficient labour

in Special relationships
The politics of value and valuation in South Africa’s urban waste sector
Henrik Ernstson, Mary Lawhon, Anesu Makina, Nate Millington, Kathleen Stokes, and Erik Swyngedouw

analyses in order to develop understandings of the links between policy, technology, poverty, power and waste itself, particularly in light of the changing political economy of waste internationally, regionally and nationally and associated political and technological interventions. This is to say, we argue that the possibilities for making a decent livelihood from waste are shaped by factors as diverse as global carbon finance, the roll-out of kerbside collection of recyclables and the amount of food a household is willing to throw away. As a study of urban political

in African cities and collaborative futures
Open Access (free)
George Campbell Gosling

. 185–6. 6 Ibid. , p. 193. 7 Martin Gorsky, ‘The Political Economy of Health Care in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries’ in Mark Jackson (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine (Oxford: Oxford

in Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48