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relied heavily on outside help for solutions to the economic and political challenges attending statehood. The region remains potentially volatile owing to water-allocation conflicts, Islamic militancy and ethnic tensions. The prospects for regional peace and stability will depend, at least in the short term, on the sustained interest and intercession of the great powers, especially China, Russia and the United States. These three powers have made sustained and competitive diplomatic overtures to the Central Asian states. The United States, for instance, has made an

in Limiting institutions?
Cinema, news media and perception management of the Gaza conflicts

. NGO images suffer from similar problems. Gaza is frequently rehearsed in terms of humanitarian statistics, described as one of the most densely inhabited places in the world, with around 1.8 million residents, 80 per cent of whom are dependent on humanitarian aid. 30 Such images can make Palestinians in Gaza seem only a humanitarian problem, thereby eliding the political context of their oppression

in Global humanitarianism and media culture

the evolution of the mission itself illustrates how an ever-expanding political space was created for the UN in relation to the conflict. In this chapter, we pay particular attention to the second phase of the operation, UNAVEM II, which marked a transition from inter-state peacekeeping to intra-state peacekeeping. During this transitional period the scope and size of UNAVEM were significantly altered – a

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
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A bounded security role in a greater Europe

227 The EU and Eurasia Politically, the EU lacks a common foreign and security policy, and none is likely to emerge any time soon. Economically, the Union’s attention is elsewhere as it attends to the consequences of its enlargement and other dimensions of a heavy parochial agenda. As a result, outside Russia and Turkey, whatever influence is exerted by the EU in Eurasia results mainly from the interests of individual member-states rather than from the presence of the institutions to which they belong. After the events of September 11 2001, however, and in the

in Limiting institutions?
Evolution of the normative basis

security’, and subsequently found its way to the normative basis of intra-state peacekeeping in the early 1960s. Korea was the first and only embodiment of the consensual ‘collective security’ idea in the Cold War period. That the Soviet bloc strongly opposed the American-led UN action, while of significance politically and of explanatory value for subsequent UN inaction in several instances, is normatively

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change

escalating crisis, and when the Greek Cypriot side firmly rejected alternative courses of action. 26 Britain had not been keen to see a UN peacekeeping operation in the Congo either. In the face of rapid decolonisation, the British tried to maximise their political dominance in what they perceived to be their sphere of influence. With the situation deteriorating, the British delegation finally requested an

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change

advanced.1 These analysts had suggested that terrorists were increasingly pursuing grander and less specific political objectives than in the past, were moving towards greater ruthlessness and lethality, and were less likely to claim credit for their actions.2 These characteristics were evident in the attacks of September 11. Traditionally terrorism was primarily about theatre – about lots of people watching rather than lots of people killed.3 The terrorism of September 11 was about millions of people watching several thousand people being killed. Similarly, terrorism

in Limiting institutions?
The analytical framework

actor in its own right, the UN is a unique entity mirroring (but also influencing) the political and normative processes in the entire international community. This study focuses on the expectations which relevant actors have of the UN in relation to intra-state conflicts as can be discerned by examining peacekeeping environments. 19 The ‘UN’ is used in this study to refer to any

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Offline and online games, branding and humanitarianism at the Roskilde Festival

. Biccum , ‘ Marketing Development: Celebrity Politics and the “New” Development Advocacy ’, Third World Quarterly , 32 : 7 ( 2011 ), pp. 1331 – 46 ; L . Chouliaraki , ‘ The Theatricality of Humanitarianism A Critique of Celebrity Advocacy ’, Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies , 9 : 1 ( 2012 ), pp. 1 – 21 ; A . de Waal , ‘ The Humanitarian Carnival: A Celebrity

in Global humanitarianism and media culture

accepted. The US government and private sources devote billions of dollars every year to research on preventive medicine, because the best way to deal with the most deadly killers such as cancer and heart disease is by preventing their occurrence in the first place. Unfortunately, this simple principle has not yet been widely accepted in the field of foreign policy. For whatever reason, it seems to be easier to achieve a political consensus behind the deployment of large and expensive military peacemaking and peacekeeping operations than to provide the much smaller

in Limiting institutions?