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Racism, immigration and the state
Steve Loyal

refugee status at first instance; by the end of 2001, 456 applicants out of 10,325 were granted refugee status. In both absolute and comparative terms, such a recognition rate remains very low, even though this number increased after the appeals stage.15 In Ireland, asylum seekers are not permitted, before the final determination of their case, to leave the state or to seek or enter into employment nor to carry on any business or to trade.16 Those asylum seekers who entered Ireland before April 2000 are usually in receipt of full Supplementary Welfare Assistance

in The end of Irish history?
G.M. Peter Swann

case of lock-in to an uninteresting special case, or an indication of the sheer difficulty of developing theory in even this simple case, is hard to say. But it was only really in the 1970s that economics started in earnest to move back to (what economists would consider) rigorous analysis of some of the other facets of Marshall’s behaviour. One of the influences was the recognition in some of the macroeconomic studies of consumption9 that decent modelling of consumption required certain developments beyond core micro theory. Another was that some of the ‘travellers

in Innovation by demand
Iain Lindsey, Tess Kay, Ruth Jeanes, and Davies Banda

might benefit from it. The importance ascribed to this aspiration can be explained through the associated recognition of the breakdown of traditional extended family systems, and community cohesion more generally, as discussed in Chapter 4 . This communitarian ethos was apparent across the range of sport activities that were identified earlier in the chapter. The potential of sport to ‘bring together’ young people was viewed as significant by

in Localizing global sport for development
Sol Plaatje and W.E.B.Du Bois
Laura Chrisman

might seem to bear out Masilela’s contention that black South African intellectuals were led to imitate African Americans. But the inspiration is quickly offset here by Plaatje’s despondent recognition of the incommensurability between the two countries. Without a similar material base, modern African-American chapter5 21/12/04 11:16 am Black Atlantic nationalism Page 95 95 activities cannot simply be transposed to South Africa, their achievements imitated within black South Africa. It is the need for a specifically national, and nationally specific, material

in Postcolonial contraventions
Open Access (free)
Janelle Joseph

collective emotional state (Davis, 1979 , p. 14). Today, nostalgia is no longer regarded negatively and is not only connected to pining for a geographical home. It is seen as a “bittersweet” emotion of wistful longing for the past and recalling or reliving “the way things were,” combined with the recognition that return is impossible. Emotions such as nostalgia are not merely

in Sport in the Black Atlantic
Antonia Lucia Dawes

that was regularly being patrolled by police at the time. Aside from his friendships with Giovanni and with Salvatore, there were predominantly tense relations between the street vendors and shop owners along the road. Ibra’s more cautious choice of greetings appeared to be in recognition of these fraught local dynamics. His and Modou’s different styles of greeting reflected the particular conditions of communication and attendant power dynamics in their respective market spots. However, the use of humour was frequently important in street vendors’ attempts to call

in Race talk
Open Access (free)
Pasts and presents
Joe Turner

other social movements have made in contesting colonial borders, to gain legal redress against forms of racism and in the limited achievements of a politics of multiculturalism and recognition. Conclusion 247 Instead, it is to suggest that without being attuned to the histories of empire such contestations can only go so far. And in the orientations to recognise the colonial character of borders and government we also need to recognise the role of family here, as one of the sites were empire is constantly made and unmade. Heteronormativity is bound to colonial

in Bordering intimacy
Open Access (free)
Passion and politics
Hilary Pilkington

fringe Infidels activists) was the restoration of the powers of the monarchy. The politics, and humanity, of research This book is political because its original quest for honest enquiry became, in the course of research, a political position. That position might be framed, first, as the recognition that such research is essential, even in fields of study where the need to tackle continued oppression and injustice is evident and urgent. Transgressing the cordon sanitaire erected around movements like the EDL in order to mark out the moral high ground from which the

in Loud and proud
Laura Chrisman

Hall supplies a succinct definition of the linguistic turn: [a conviction of] the crucial importance of language and of the linguistic metaphor to any study of culture; the expansion of the notion of text and textuality, both as a source of meaning, and as chapter9 21/12/04 11:23 am Page 149 Cultural studies in the new South Africa 149 that which escapes and postpones meaning; the recognition of the heterogeneity, of the multiplicity, of meanings, of the struggle to close arbitrarily the infinite semiosis beyond meaning; the acknowledgement of textuality and

in Postcolonial contraventions
Open Access (free)
Bridget Byrne and Carla De Tona

Bourdieu, class is hierarchical relationship between social groups which are shaped through ways of being, tastes and lifestyles. According to Swartz, Bourdieu is interested in ‘the question of how stratified social ­systems of hierarchy and domination persist and reproduce from one generation to the next without powerful resistance and without the conscious recognition of their members’ (Swartz 1997: 6). Thus, education is critical in understanding class and the reproduction of hierarchies and inequalities. There is a paradox in the fact that education is often

in All in the mix