The first child-witch in Rothenburg, 1587
Alison Rowlands

a witches’ gathering might really have occurred in Hilgartshausen, concerned enough about the spiritual good of the boy who had apparently been taken to it, and – ultimately – frustrated enough by his inconsistent testimony about the affair, to abandon momentarily its usually cautious legal approach in its efforts to investigate the case. In Chapter 2 I argued that elite opinion in Rothenburg on the question of whether or not witches’ dances and the flights to them took place in the imagination or in reality tended to veer towards scepticism. However, this

in Witchcraft narratives in Germany
Open Access (free)
Art and interpretation
Andrew Bowie

characterised by irresolvable differences which it is repressive to try to overcome. Scepticism may be irrefutable by argument, but the approach to scepticism shared by Schleiermacher and some contemporary pragmatists regards this as immaterial, because we cannot avoid the activities of taking as true and justifying to others, being communicating agents, rather than isolated Cartesian spectators. Schleiermacher claims that in real situations, where there never is absolute certainty, and where we must constantly make practical decisions, ‘a real willing is always the ground of

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Fichte, Hölderlin and Novalis
Andrew Bowie

object, but is also able to explore itself in new ways by abstracting from the object of its choice and reflecting upon itself via the object. The stress is now on the creative relationship to the object, not upon a cognitive relationship. This point is crucial. What is at issue in Hölderlin’s vision is not an answer to epistemological scepticism about the external world, generated by a version of Cartesian doubt. Instead he is seeking a way in which self-conscious awareness does not just lead both to self-alienation and alienation from the rest of the world. On this

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Daughters of the Empire, mothers in their own homes, 1929–45
Katie Pickles

extremely anxious to place these people in the Dominions’. 6 The IODE felt that Canada could afford to ‘select prospective settlers with the greatest care’ so that they ‘are not to become failures or add further to the relief rolls’. 7 Despite such scepticism, however, in general, the IODE’s preference for British immigrants and a British-based society remained unchanged. In a 1938 Vancouver radio broadcast

in Female imperialism and national identity
Tarik Kochi

Hegel's account of the relation between master and slave as being situated within the ancient economies of Greece and Rome. This makes some sense given that the section on Stoicism and Scepticism follows the section on master and slave. In referring to the ancient economy Hegel is presenting a very personal relation of power and domination of one body over another. In

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)
Shaun Breslin

that there is a single set of ‘Asian values’ that provides a lens through which we study democracy in East Asia should be treated with considerable scepticism. In some respects, the concept helps EAST ASIA 173 our understanding by establishing a notion of the ‘other’ in which Asian debates over democracy take place. The concept of Asia that the Asian values debate promotes is a rejectionist one – what is shared is a rejection of the imposition of what is considered to be a ‘Western’ concept of politics and polity that has developed and emerged in specific Western

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Adrian Hyde-Price

-positivists, should be viewed with a high degree of scepticism. As Michael Clarke has argued, if we wish to ‘understand the working of political power in our contemporary world’ we need to draw on a wide range of disciplinary and theoretical perspectives. ‘The world into which we are moving offers prima facie evidence that nothing less than such an ambitious attempt at eclecticism will do’ (Clarke 1993 : xvi). Understanding and explaining

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Open Access (free)
Theoretical debates and the critical erasure of Beckett’s cinema
Matthijs Engelberts

festival of 1965 was one of the first – and the critics from Cahiers du Cinéma were on hand. Although it was more than ten years since the first articlemanifestos of the nouvelle vague had appeared in Cahiers du Cinéma, it was to be expected that the idea of commissioning a literary author to produce a script would be viewed with scepticism in a publication which had led a ferocious campaign for the independence of film from the written word and literature. Yet its treatment of Film is revealing. In a seven-page supplement covering the 1965 Venice festival, Jean

in Beckett and nothing
A social representation of scientific expertise
Warren Pearce and Brigitte Nerlich

al., 2014: 116). Some of these individuals assumed a much more critical view of AIT and Gore. Scepticism about climate science predated the film’s release as an important part of the ‘struggles over meaning and values in US climate science and politics’ (Lahsen, 2008: 216). While such struggles were continuing, US climate politics pre-AIT was broadly characterised by a lack of federal-level progress on legislation to cut greenhouse gases. Congress’s comprehensive rejection of the Kyoto Protocol was followed by Gore’s loss to George W. Bush in the 2000 presidential

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
The beginning of aesthetic theory and the end of art
Andrew Bowie

pushes one in the direction of a decision on Habermas’s contentions about what Hegel meant. Hegel responds to scepticism by arguing that the complete, ‘nihilistic’ destruction of all particular theories does not lead to a negative conclusion, but instead to the highest, most universal philosophical insight. This is because all theories have to begin by opposing some existing position, which they therefore need to negate for their own positive conclusions to emerge – no Galileo without Ptolemy. We can never begin with a foundational theory, because this leads to a

in Aesthetics and subjectivity