Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

if he were a Marxist) that it has been used as ‘an ideological instrument of imperialist expansion, and in its ethical-humanitarian form it is a specific vehicle of economic imperialism … whoever invokes humanity wants to cheat’. 4 The question of intervention for humanitarian reasons poses agonizing dilemmas. There is the tension between the sanctity of life (saving human beings) and the veneration of sovereignty and independence; and there is the tension between

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Raymond Hinnebusch

identity and sovereignty, nation and state, inflicted on the region, a conundrum better addressed by constructivism . 3 Its insistence that systemic structures are not just material configurations of power and wealth and include the cultural norms that derive from identity , helps to understand how the region’s powerful supra-state identities lead to a unique contestation of the state sovereignty which underlays the stability of other regional states systems. Secondly, this study will argue that the state and sub-state levels are at least as

in The international politics of the Middle East
Open Access (free)
Death, landscape and power among the Duha Tuvinians of northern Mongolia
Benedikte Møller Kristensen

also continued to grant their deceased ones open-air funerals during socialism. Inspired by Caroline Humphrey (2004), I propose that the Duha in the taiga managed to carry on the illegal practice of open-air funerals through establishing a kind of ‘localised form of sovereignty’ (2004: 420) ‘nested’ within the ‘higher sovereignty’ of the Mongolian state. Humphrey discusses how it was possible for the mafia in Buriyatia to establish a ‘localised sovereignty’, in the form of an illegal marshrut system of local taxi-drivers, which was ‘nested’ within the Russian state

in Governing the dead
Open Access (free)
Simon Mabon

increasingly difficult in such contexts, where the spread of identities and religious groups provides opportunities for a range of actors to wield influence and highlights the fragility of states across the region. It is this struggle to regulate life amid instances of contested sovereignty across the Middle East that is the main focus of this book. A growing body of work quickly emerged in the aftermath of the Arab Uprisings, the spate of protests that cut across the Middle East in early 2011. The literature on the uprisings spans a range of different theoretical

in Houses built on sand
Open Access (free)
John Mceldowney

legal order in society, and may undermine political and economic sovereignty. The lessons of Western democracies should not be lost on developing countries undergoing institutional reform. The judicial power in the Anglo-American tradition There is an active debate in the United States between those who consider that the role of the judges is to act as independent principals and those who see the judges as faithful agents interpreting the law according to the plain words in front of them (Eskridge 1994). The former adopt a purposive approach in which the courts are

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Eşref Aksu

the island. Prelude to active UN involvement The internal strife in Cyprus was first brought to the notice of the Security Council on 26 December 1963 in a letter from the Government of Cyprus, which listed perceived acts and threats against the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Cyprus, and requested the UN to protect the country from unilateral military

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Open Access (free)
Cameron Ross

format the new districts to conform to the contours of Russia’s eight inter-regional associations or eleven socioeconomic regions. Instead, the new federal districts were drawn up to closely match Russia’s military districts, thus giving the envoys (most of whom had a background in the military or security organs, direct access to the command and control networks of the military garrisons in their districts. And in a blow against the sovereignty claims of the ethnic republics, Putin drew up the boundaries of the new federal districts in such a way that each district

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia
Impact of structural tensions and thresholds
Eşref Aksu

and China had to be reckoned with. The main preoccupation of war-wary actors was maintenance of international peace and security. Protection of and respect for state sovereignty, and prevention of acts of aggression signified the most important ideational aspect of the new world order. The holocaust did no doubt preoccupy the minds of many, but the German and Japanese aggression in Europe and elsewhere was arguably

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Problematising the normative connection
Eşref Aksu

contradiction between respecting national sovereignty and the moral and ethical imperative to stop slaughter within states is real and difficult to resolve.’ 7 Examples of such normative difficulties can be multiplied. The principle of peaceful settlement of conflicts, for instance, may be at odds with human rights and self-determination. 8 It is possible to argue that even peace and security may sometimes

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Charles V. Reed

sovereignty. In this sense, the nature of his rule was not a novelty to the political culture of southern Africa but the very essence of it. In effect, his kingship was an African invented tradition. A savvy political leader, Moshoeshoe won the fealty of his subjects through generosity, protection, and accommodation; he spoke both Sesotho and Zulu, enabling him to easily converse with most of his

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911