Privacy, liability and interception

advertising in 2009. 45 Since 2002, Article 15 ECD has also required European Member States not to impose undue restrictions on IAPs, 46 which continually causes Member States to either derogate from the ECD in the interests of crime fighting and anti-terrorism law or simply to ignore the provision altogether. So many features of wire tapping and anti-terrorism law have been passed or amended since 2001 that there

in Network neutrality
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Yalta farewell; how new a world?

empires, with international co-operation competing against the MUP_Torbion_05_Ch5 76 22/9/03, 12:38 pm 1989–92: Yalta farewell 77 spectre of national – and nationalist – confrontation. Now the world would no longer have the luxury of debating such arcane ideas as whether the means of production ought to be state-owned or private. Instead, it would be faced with issues of survival such as climate change, environmental deterioration, AIDS, terrorism and the proliferation of nuclear weapons. No longer would war be principally a matter for the two superpowers, of

in Destination Europe

in some other violent situations. Terrorism or military fights in Northern Ireland, the Basque Country of Spain, the southern Philippines, in northern Sri Lanka and some other regions instrumentalise ideological motives to win some popular support but follow a clear economic strategy for its reproduction. The state’s monopoly of coercion is severely damaged insofar as it cannot hinder the economic reproduction of parastate structures which finance violence. Although these situations are not (yet) the dominance of a market, a market of violence, over a (civic) society

in Potentials of disorder

streitbare Demokratie Structural Funds [See: Economic and Social Cohesion] subsidiarity Suez crisis Tangentopoli terrorism Treaties of Rome Treaty of European Union (TEU) [See: Maastricht Treaty] Treaty of Nice Treuhandanstalt Trizonia [See: Bizonia] two-ballot electoral system ‘Two

in The politics today companion to West European Politics

parliament (MP) in 1994. The MPs were held in police custody accused of separatism and undermining Turkish territorial integrity. The Strasbourg-based court defined the detention a breach of Ankara’s commitments to respecting the judicial control of detention under the European Rights Convention, saying authorities could not have a free hand to hold suspects even in terrorism investigations. It added that Turkey could not justify the arrests with the state of emergency prevailing in the country’s southeast, because the MPs were arrested for what they said in Ankara. 41

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
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parties. There is no enforcement of Muslim values on women’s attire, on education, or on law, and there is total revulsion towards all sorts of religious violence. They distance themselves from acts of terrorism such the horrific events of 1993, when militant Sunni activists set fire to the Madimak Hotel, in which an Alawite convention was being held, killing thirty-seven people. They proudly point to Demokrasi, Insan Haklari, Ozgurlu (Democracy, Human Rights, Freedom) as the principles that top the parties’ agendas. Accordingly, Turkish political Islam is seeking to

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
The evolving European security architecture

other risks of a wider nature, including uncontrolled population mass movement, international terrorism, sabotage, international organised crime and the disruption of the flow of vital resources. Moreover, para. 20 indicates that NATO security remains subject to a wide variety of both military as well as non-military risks, which are multidirectional in nature and often difficult to predict. Such risks include uncertainty and instability in an around the Euro-Atlantic area, and the possibility of regional crises at its periphery, which could, para. 20 stresses, evolve

in Theory and reform in the European Union
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the real world except perhaps as an ideal of what democratic politics is about. It assumes that politics cannot function except in a liberal democratic context. It thus excludes not only dictatorships and other autocracies but also even the political life of actual democracies where strikes, pressures of all kinds, even perhaps including terrorism, influence events as much as dispassionate dialogues. It is difficult, for instance, to

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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Parliament voted to introduce a ban on hunting with dogs. The Scottish decision will have an impact on the anti-hunting campaign in England and Wales. Animal rights campaigning uses every form of political action, from protesting and attempting to lobby government to terrorism. Some animal rights campaigners have sought to work within organisations such as the National Trust and the RSPCA to bring about change

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Writing on the body

) through choreographic responses to anti-​state terrorism (Ulrike Meinhof by Johann Kresnik), dance during the Second World War, and dance and rights (focusing on works such as Victoria Marks’s Not About Iraq (2007)). All these analyses tackle choreographic works that have sought to elaborate and problematise issues discussed in words; very often, this is stated in the title of the piece. Kolb also states that the analyses in the book focus on twentieth-​and early twenty-​first-​century Western stage dance (though she does leave some space for developments beyond it

in Dance and politics