English Working Class and Raymond Williams’s Culture and Society, as the progenitors of cultural studies as an academic field. It is interesting that Raymond Williams has himself been one of the most energetic critics of this textualist version. In ‘The Future of Cultural Studies’, for instance, he argues forcefully that this textualist account is ‘only the surface of the real development, and is moreover misleading’.1 Instead, Williams points to diverse adult education activities in the 1940s as the origins of cultural studies. His sociological account is illuminating

in Postcolonial contraventions

. Thus, rather than being primarily an evangelical task of ‘truth-bearing’, or an assertion of the inevitable ‘rightness’ of a particular model of government, the promotion of human rights may demand long-term engagement with particular institutions or knots of social practice – with mechanisms for constructing community – across and between cultures. Response to abuse is part of a long and slow conversation between and across cultures on the nature of political community and the place of injury within it. In practical terms, efforts to change violent or injurious

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Community, language and culture under the Celtic Tiger

proved its superiority and the East had succumbed. In this domain, then, Western superiority had to be acknowledged and its accomplishments carefully studied and replicated. The spiritual, on the other hand, is an ‘inner’ domain bearing the eih ch-10.P65 179 26/3/03, 15:18 180 Coleman ‘essential’ marks of cultural identity. The greater one’s success in imitating Western skills in the material domain, therefore, the greater the need to preserve the distinctiveness of one’s spiritual culture.17 Although it was a predominantly urban, middle-class organisation

in The end of Irish history?
Open Access (free)

Since the 1990s, there has been a marked increase in the scholarly consideration of the relationships between humanitarianism and media culture, and from a range of critical and disciplinary perspectives and institutional contexts. 1 An emergent field of inquiry has been significantly shaped by several foundational analyses of the representation of humanitarian crisis, and particularly of the media’s various repertoires

in Global humanitarianism and media culture

responsibilities of those who care for particular others, often dependent and vulnerable, in intimate, domestic or familial – “private” – contexts’ (Walker 1998 : 51). In many ways, it is not surprising that feminist critique has been centred on ‘autonomous man’, ‘that centerpiece of modern Western culture and protagonist of modern moral philosophy’, and the discourses of rights and justice

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)

In my search for tidy conclusions and a singular confirmation of the meaning of sport in the Black Atlantic, I came up empty handed, or “wit’ me two long arms” as cricket club members might say. There are so many dimensions to the transnational flows of peoples and cultures of the Afro-Caribbean diaspora that have important bearing on how we think about black masculinities

in Sport in the Black Atlantic
Open Access (free)
Class cultures, the trade unions and the Labour Party

ITLP_C08.QXD 18/8/03 10:00 am Page 116 8 Ross McKibbin: class cultures, the trade unions and the Labour Party John Callaghan The work of the historian is always a complex and heterogeneous aggregate of theories, narrative, interpretation and analysis. Such originality as it possesses lies more often than not in the distinctive pattern which the historian gives to the components of his or her work, rather than the components themselves, many of which may be found elsewhere. The three books by Ross McKibbin which form the focus of this chapter raise

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Labour, the people and the ‘new political history’

political expression and that parties should be seen as attempting ‘to construct viable forms of social and political identity’. Schwarz (1998: 154) argues that ‘in part the job of politics is to speak to those whose social positions are widely divergent and to project an imaginary community in which the people would wish to imagine themselves’. Parties are not reactive, but active agents. Language is important in this, but so are political communication, internal and informal party culture, and how these define and construct a party’s audience – in short, political

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Open Access (free)

, be progressive in another. A defence of the Western classical tradition in music can, for example, be appropriate in relation to the production of music by the culture industry, where what can be learned from tradition is ignored or denigrated for the sake of commercial imperatives; the same stance can be regressive if it is used against the attempt to explore new musical possibilities, as though Western tonality were some kind of natural given. What, though, is the connecting thread that would allow an examination of these issues to suggest future possibilities

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Explaining foreign policy variation

surplus to sustain more than ephemeral states and formation of a stable state depended on assistance from Western powers (Gause 1994: 22, 30, 42). The British provided state founder, Abd al-Aziz Ibn Saud, with subsidies and the military means to discipline the militant Ikhwan wing of his Wahhabi coalition which wanted to carry on jihad against British client states in the region. The American oil companies provided him with the financial resources to incorporate unruly tribes into state-centred patronage networks. Thus, external powers endowed the al-Saud regime with

in The international politics of the Middle East