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John Lydgate’s ‘Soteltes for the coronation banquet of Henry VI’

this scripture suying’, or 112 Participatory reading in late-medieval England ‘with this resoun’, and ‘with this reason folowyng’. This emphasizes the provision of verses in writing, as scripture, and through reasons, as mottoes, sentences, or verses.15 These descriptions attest to how the ‘Soteltes’ almost certainly offered their verses in a textual format.16 The textuality of subtleties accompanied by words is made even more explicit in records of the coronation feast of Henry VI’s mother, Catherine of Valois. Her coronation in the same place as Henry VI

in Participatory reading in late-medieval England
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of postcolonial peoples: the “imaginative rediscovery” of “hidden histories” offers a way of “imposing an imaginary coherence on the experience of dispersal and fragmentation.” Hall emphasises that Afro-Caribbean people’s sense of continuity, oneness and similarity is not discovered through archaeological unearthing, but grounded “in the re-telling of the past” (p. 235

in Sport in the Black Atlantic
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feudal nobility. One significant problem which is not resolved in his treatment of the subject is that of the composition of the court. Hugh Farmer, ‘The canonization of St Hugh of Lincoln’, Architectural and Archaeological Society of the County of Lincoln Report and Papers, new ser., 6: 2 (1956), 86–117, brought together papal letters and sworn testimonies made during the canonisation campaign. The role of women as sworn witnesses would be a fruitful line of enquiry for further research into the incidence of specific illnesses and, for 46 patronage and power 44

in Noblewomen, aristocracy and power in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm
Unreadable things in Beowulf

clue, or perhaps Æschere is not a name at all. The narrative context would suggest that it is, or at least it is used as a name when Hrothgar tells Beowulf that ‘Sorh is geniwod /​Denigea leodum:  dead is Æschere, Yrmenlafes yldra broþor’ [Sorrow is renewed for the Danes: Æschere is dead, Yrmenlaf’s older brother] (1322–​4). Yet it is not commonly used as a name elsewhere in Old English. The online Prosopography of Anglo-​Saxon England (PASE) informs us that there is only one Æschere (male) recorded in Domesday Book m xi.5 In the poetry, ‘æschere’ appears not as a

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
The Druids and the origins of ancient virtue

national past with the sacred chronology of the Old Testament. Literary record and ancient monuments were synchronised with the genealogies of postdiluvian history. Whether describing the Trojan extraction of the Franks, or insisting that the druids of antiquity preached the pure patriarchal religion of Abraham, or that Ireland was populated by figures who survived the deluge; without exception, all of the sources to which Toland had access, harmonised their theories with the injunctions of sacred chronology. Even though, by the late seventeenth century, some of the

in Republican learning

establishment of Ireland's first co-operative creamery, his interest in economic co-operation emerged at the same time. A diary entry dated 24 January 1889 recorded a discussion on ‘my co-operative hobby’, but there is little evidence before this to suggest how he became attracted to the study of mutual economics. 39 The successful example of co-operative stores in England piqued Plunkett's initial interest in co-operative economics. The formation of the Rochdale Equitable Pioneers Society in the north-west of England in 1844 represented a response to

in Civilising rural Ireland
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Achievement and self-doubt

ambitious academics would gravitate towards the capital. Senior Manchester figures, seasoned travellers from Manchester Piccadilly, Stockport, Wilmslow or Macclesfield to London Euston, strove to maintain their places on national boards and committees, each trip diverting them for a day from ordinary duties. One or two became absentees, devoted to such bodies as the Committee on Safety of Medicines, delegating – or refusing to delegate – their normal responsibilities to Manchester colleagues. Historians yearned for easier access to the British Library or the Public Record

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
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behavior are likely being recorded and analyzed, as both the zero-rated app itself and the sponsor who footed the bill are interested in monetizing this data further. Is there no alternative to sponsored data? It’s almost cynical: the most vulnerable people – low income communities just making their first steps on the internet – become easy targets of

in Network neutrality
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The French search mission for the corpses of deportees in Germany, 1946–58

to draw up a list of all the deceased citizens of the allied nations, providing all available details of their names, nationalities and the circumstances of their deaths. Similar statutes were passed in the British and American zones.16 In the French zone, by the summer of 1946, out of a total of 5,200 communes, 5,090 had provided docu­ments, including 3,959 legal records, 4,600 death certificates and details of 3,982 graves that had been identified. Similar figures were produced in the British and American zones. The French search mission was under the charge of

in Human remains and mass violence
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New retro movies in 1990s Hollywood cinema

which it refers rather than being an archaeologically precise reproduction of it’. 10 The same might be said of retro art, which selectively draws upon widely received perceptions of the past in the present. By addressing the affective dimensions of the past in the present, embodied by music in the retro film, I want to examine how musical memory can function performatively, transforming the meaning of

in Memory and popular film