Open Access (free)
Nina Fishman

participants who had been young adults at the beginning of the cold war. There were also currently young adults who had never known the cold war. It was notable that many participants had research specialisms in communism and/or conservatism/Christian democracy as well as social democracy. The resulting intellectual diversity produced exceptionally lively, wide-ranging debate both in the conference sessions and afterwards. It was, perhaps, apt that the plenary speakers for the third conference, held at Sheffield, were Richard Corbett MEP, an exemplary centre social democrat

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
The Admirable Crichton and Look Back in Anger
Stephen Lacey

Crichton, having found some pearls on the island, settles for a maid (Diane Cilento) and goes off to get married and start a business and a family. There is no such magical resolution in the play, which concludes with an uncomfortable impasse: Crichton, still the mouthpiece of conservatism, faces the young woman he almost married across the gulf of privilege and social difference. These differences

in British cinema of the 1950s
Open Access (free)
Paul de Rapin de Thoyras’s Histoire
Ben Dew

rooted in a ‘philosophy of idealist conservatism’ and contained ‘no suggestion […] that change has occurred or should occur in history, no reference to economic life or ideas’.10 While W H I G H I S T O R Y 103 other historians writing both before and after Trevor-Roper have maintained that institutional political development did play a key part in the Histoire,11 the absence of an engagement with economic ideas continues to be seen as a distinguishing feature of Rapin’s work. Laird Okie, for example, has argued that Rapin was a ‘transitional’ figure between the

in Commerce, finance and statecraft
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

orthodox schools of thought such as liberalism, socialism or conservatism. However, it can hardly be denied that feminism has made a substantial impact and, whatever one’s reservations in according it the title of ‘ideology’, it is like most ideologies in at least one respect: there are sharp, even bitter, divisions within feminism on its aims, goals, methods, theories and inspirations. Four major strands of feminist thinking

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Mads Qvortrup

and absurd insistence that politics might be reduced to mathematics and algebra. Rousseau’s trust in natural conservatism provided him with the institutional means of avoiding radical and revolutionary change – something which he (like Burke) detested. He developed these views into a constitutionalist doctrine of gradual reform and piecemeal change, the principles of which were outlined in Du Contrat Social, the Discourse sur l’inégalité, and given a concrete form in Lettres écrites de la montagne. The latter is often – though unfairly – overlooked. For while the

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

fundamental difference between Conservatism and Fascism: Conservatism had nothing to do with making the State ‘the be-all and end-all of human existence’ but wanted to shrink it and emphasise the principle of individual liberty. He warned of the violent, intimidating language used by the Left – ‘the Tories must be smashed’, ‘Big Business must be destroyed’, ‘the Fascists must be kicked off the streets’ (possibly with the aid of the chap 9 23/9/03 1:18 pm Page 197 The Students’ Union and the politicians 197 Doctor Marten boots favoured, at least in cartoons, by

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
Robert Boyce

Union.12 And there were those who worried that the trial might undermine the reputation of contemporary conservatism in France itself because of Papon’s post-war associations. At the Liberation in 1944, General Charles de Gaulle kept Papon in post, and upon returning to public office in 1958 he appointed Papon the Prefect of Police in Paris, a post he occupied in October 1961 when the police crushed a peaceful, if illegal, demonstration in favour of Algerian independence with extraordinary brutality and extensive loss of life.13 When Papon retired from the prefectoral

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Open Access (free)
The oddity of democracy
Rodney Barker

). 5 Watt, Dress, Law and Naked Truth. 6 Boutling and Boulting, The Guinea Pig . 7 Quintin Hogg, The Case for Conservatism (West Drayton, UK: Penguin, 1947), p. 10

in Cultivating political and public identity
Open Access (free)
Reading Half-Life
Barry Atkins

overarching plot, both Tomb Raider and Half-Life are essentially heroic adventures apparently inviting the most basic form of identification (‘and with one mighty bound I was free’) that are as notable for their political naivete and ideological conservatism as they are for their technological achievement in presenting detailed worlds on screen. It is possible, for example, to see many of the individual episodes in Tomb Raider as providing a remarkably consistent metaphor for a kind of (British) imperialism that is, understandably, only rarely celebrated in contemporary

in More than a game
Steven Fielding

, uncertain about the purpose, manner and even merit of making a special appeal to the young. The 1960s began with commentators asserting that most young adults were materially satisfied and so inclined to Conservatism, but the decade ended with the impression that many young people had become alienated from society and embraced far-left causes. This shift in perceptions did not exactly help clarify thinking. Those who have analysed Labour’s attempt to win over the young tend to blame the party’s apparent refusal to take their concerns seriously for its failure to do so.3

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1