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David Lloyd’s work

chapter7 21/12/04 11:19 am Page 127 7 Theorising race, racism and culture: David Lloyd’s work My focus here is an important and influential article by postcolonial scholar David Lloyd, ‘Race Under Representation’, published in the 1991 ‘Neo-Colonialism’ issue of Oxford Literary Review.1 Lloyd sets out to explain ‘how the meshing of racial formations can take place between various levels and spheres of social practice, as, for example, between political and cultural spheres or between the individual and the national level’ (p. 63). A central argument of his

in Postcolonial contraventions
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triumph of liberal capitalist democracy on a global scale. Some of the inadequacies of contemporary liberalism are discussed and an estimate is made of the future that lies in store for liberalism. POINTS TO CONSIDER Is liberalism culturally specific to Westernisation or is it of universal value? To what extent is the liberal focus on the individual based on a misunderstanding of human nature

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Acceptance, critique and the bigger picture

9 Contemporary discourses of working, earning and spending: acceptance, critique and the bigger picture ANNE B. RYAN It has become commonplace to assert that Irish people now have more choices and enjoy a higher standard of living than ever before. An assumption also exists that the role of the ordinary citizen is to be a member of the paid labour force and a consumer, in order to ‘keep the economy going’. Many people consequently live in a work–earn–spend cycle, spending much of what they earn on possessions and services now considered essential for everyday

in The end of Irish history?
The plays of Ed Thomas and the cultural politics of South Wales

8 Cool enough for Lou Reed?: The plays of Ed Thomas and the cultural politics of South Wales1 SHAUN RICHARDS In the conclusion to his 1985 book When Was Wales? the historian Gwyn A. Williams declared that the Welsh were now ‘nothing but a naked people under an acid rain’ (305). Written in the aftermath of the antidevolution vote of 1979 and the fatal blow delivered to the economy and confidence by the defeat of the 1984 miners’ strike, Williams’s work, for all its tentative faith that some form of Wales will survive, is a litany of loss. Above all it mourns the

in Across the margins
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core beliefs of democracy unrealizable. The concept of the Great Society, adapted by both Lippmann and later Dewey from Graham Wallas’ (1914) book of the same name, was essentially shorthand for the complex industrial and mass consumer society America had become in the aftermath of the First World War. The end of the American Civil War had signalled that America would use its vast reserves of raw materials and land to become a continental nation state with an industrial economy rather than being a decentralized federation of states with a slave-based agrarian economy

in John Dewey
Towards a union or not?

MUP_Torbion_07_Ch7 135 22/9/03, 1:51 pm 136 Destination Europe within the EMU’s Stability and Growth Pact – the member states often get cold feet and start asking who gave the order and criticising both the destination and the road taken. The Commission was created to move European integration forward. Suppose, however, that – for instance due to a changed world economy or a new political situation – the optimal degree of EU integration has already been reached, or indeed surpassed. (The former British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, maintained as much when

in Destination Europe

diffusion of the original cultural programme of Europe and indigenous elements of creativity in other modernities is an empirical question. In their words, it is essential to treat the developmental dynamics of each civilisation ‘not only in terms of approximation to the West but also in their own terms’ (1998: 7) in order to adequately demarcate the multiple modernities. This might open the door to investigating the linkages that blend external and local models of thought, polity, economy and organisation and how forms of power are interspersed throughout different

in Debating civilisations
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industrialized and modernized. Developing institutions like the civil service and military that could contain the urban masses would also help, for rising expectations were reckoned to constitute a serious threat to the political stability upon which industrialization and modernization (and hence democratization) ultimately depended (Huntington 1968). However, in contrast to such conservative responses, the second major response to the rising tide of authoritarianism was a reaction against modernization theory and an embrace of radical or Marxist political economy. Part of the

in Democratization through the looking-glass

that it should be the Great Community that picks its governors. The problem with this account, however, is whilst Dewey (LW2: 377) recognized the decline of modern sovereignty and his anti-essentialism saw him claim that ‘The State is pure myth’, he also understood that the loyalty of citizens to the cultural membership of the nation and its political fusion in the nation state would have to be taken seriously if global democracy was to be successful (LW15: 208–9). Dewey argued that the rise of European nationalism, which was cemented by the 108 John Dewey

in John Dewey
From starving children to satirical saviours

contribute to the positivity of the network. To ‘like’ content and ‘pages’ is now the most popular action taken on Facebook; every day the ‘like’ button is hit 3.2 billion times across the world contributing to what some have termed a ‘like economy’. 18 Facebook’s architecture scripts actions that conform to an ‘affirmative atmosphere, in which people only agree and do not disagree or express discontent

in Global humanitarianism and media culture