Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

. It argues for a limited style of politics, tradition, organic society, hierarchy, order, authority, private property, the importance of the state and national institutions. We outline the development of conservatism as a political ideology and movement in Britain during the last two centuries. 10 Liberalism Liberalism can be regarded as the Western world’s dominant ideology, stressing ideas of

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Heloise Brown

concentration camps were intended to make survival impossible for the guerrillas. In practice, they not only further angered them, but they relieved them of family responsibilities and possibly facilitated the continuation of the resistance. The internment of women and children meant that the war was divisive 164 feminist responses to the anglo-boer war for the British feminist movement, and produced a range of responses, both pro- and anti-war, due to Victorian feminism’s complex relationship to liberalism and imperialism. The most public feminist involvement in the

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Open Access (free)
A bird’s eye view of intervention with emphasis on Britain, 1875–78
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

union touched on the most sensitive of Victorian nerves. 49 William Stead, the famous journalist, editor of the daily Northern Echo , saw the outrages perpetrated against Bulgarian women as if they had been committed against his mother. Freeman referred to the Turkish reputation for pederasty. 50 Soon none other than Gladstone, the undisputed leader of British popular liberalism, 51 chose to abandon his retirement and join the fray. He began with careful speeches in

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

relation to the state. It acts as defender or abuser of human rights. It creates national identity. It is the prime structure by which political power is manipulated in a society. Conservatism, liberalism, socialism, fascism and ecologism, as models, analyse power in relation to the state. As political parties they seek state power, to use it to implement political, social and cultural programmes. If unable to achieve control of the

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Core historical concepts reconsidered
Adrian Zimmermann

against neo-liberalism will only have a limited effect if labour does not succeed in breaking the mega-trend towards ‘more capitalism’, which is at the root of the neo-liberal project. Studying the history of socialist and democratic theories is an important precondition for articulating and popularising these theories in contemporary politics. This chapter therefore takes a historical approach. It evaluates some of the more important projects of economic and industrial democratisation in the past. Its focus is on projects in highly developed capitalist states with a

in In search of social democracy
Kevin Hickson

). However, since I have examined this debate in detail elsewhere (Beech and Hickson 2007), for the purposes of this chapter I propose to focus instead on the second significant critique of Croslandite social democracy, from the free-market right. At the time of the publication of The Future of Socialism, the economic liberal position was marginal. The Institute of Economic Affairs had recently M1738 - CALLAGHAN TEXT.indd 222 3/8/09 12:13:42 The continuing relevance of Croslandism 223 been established to fight a rearguard campaign in defence of economic liberalism

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Care and debility in collaborations between non-disabled and learning disabled theatre makers
Dave Calvert

’s own radical assertion of the social value and necessity of care is grounded in reflections on her personal relationship with her profoundly disabled daughter Sesha and her observation that ‘the inclusion of people with mental retardation may well be liberalism’s limit case’ ( 2002 : 258). In developing her ‘dependency critique of equality’ (Kittay, 1999 : 4), Kittay acknowledges that she starts from ‘the case of a dependent who is unable to reciprocate’ but does so ‘not because [she] assume[s] it to be the most typical case, but because it is the case most in need

in Performing care
Armando Barrientos and Martin Powell

such as ‘equality’ are here redefined and diluted. For example, Cammack and Morrison 39 claim that the Third Way appropriates the vocabulary and values of social democracy in the cause of neo-liberalism. Moreover, a few ‘new’ values appear to have been smuggled in. Positive uses of terms such as ‘entrepreneurship’ 40 rarely featured in the discourse of traditional social

in The Third Way and beyond
Rainer Forst

his racist prejudice as a possible objection. On this, see B. Crick, ‘Toleration and tolerance in theory and practice’, Government and Opposition, 6 (1971) 144–71, and especially J. Horton, ‘Toleration as a virtue’, in D. Heyd (ed.), Toleration: An Elusive Virtue (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996), pp. 28–43. 4 D. D. Raphael, ‘The intolerable’, in S. Mendus (ed.), Justifying Toleration. Conceptual and Historical Perspectives (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), pp. 137–54; S. Mendus, Toleration and the Limits of Liberalism (Atlantic

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
James Bohman

toleration in a democracy while permitting mutual and critical exchange among citizens. I consider the liberal and deliberative views of religious toleration as the test case. MCK6 1/10/2003 10:26 AM Page 117 James Bohman 117 Toleration: liberal or deliberative? As the product of the specific historical situation of religious pluralism, many now argue that liberal toleration is increasingly inadequate to deal with pluralism along more than one dimension at a time. Depending on the target, critics argue that liberalism is either too thin or too thick. For some

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies