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In pursuit of influence and legitimacy

thinking in Copenhagen with respect to the role of the Danish MEPs. The increased use of the co-decision procedure implies that the role of the EP will increase. The government therefore began regular meetings with the Danish MEPs in the summer of 1998. The proposal from the European Affairs Committee gave MEPs access to open meetings of the committee in the future with a right to speak; these open meetings, however, would not take decisions. Decisions, including mandates for negotiations to the government, would still be taken in closed meetings. According to the

in Fifteen into one?

struggled to respond. The process by which the party experimented with more flexible forms of ‘leadership’ and economic control, however, created conditions of increasing economic uncertainty and division that were not underpinned by corresponding changes in social welfare structures. It also both enabled and presupposed an expansion of political toleration, or openness. In the period up to June 1989, citizens enjoyed ‘increased access … to greater freedoms of movement, of speech, press, publication, association and assembly, and of the right to

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
State-based institutions to advocate for gender equality

more autonomous. In the meantime, the VWU’s contact with its constituency has been strong, made possible through its extensive grassroots network. One serious obstacle to effective collaboration between NWMs and the women’s movement in all the case countries stems from bureaucratic norms. Too much interaction with outside constituencies can be seen as a violation of professionalism to the extent that it is regarded as politicizing the administration and eroding its integrity. For example, in a relatively open and transparent administration, a WID/ GAD unit might

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?

-bargaining decentralisation, the withdrawal of the social partners from state boards and agencies and growing divisions within the labour movement. The ensuing crisis was therefore not merely about the electoral prospects of the SAP. It actually touched upon the fundamental premises upon which the Social Democrats had built their welfare coalition, thus jeopardising the prospects for recovery once the SAP was re-elected. This chapter examines the evolution of the Swedish model in conjunction with social democratic reformism and the party’s relations to the union movement. The starting

in In search of social democracy

. When the co-operative movement moved into the twentieth century's second decade its prospects seemed mixed. The IAOS had established the co-operative society as a familiar institution throughout the countryside that placed the means of dairy production, distribution of goods to market and access to limited finance under the control of farmers. The IAOS also showed it aptitude to profoundly shape the agrarian economy through its displacement of the Co-operative Wholesale Society (CWS) as a major player in the dairy industry. Yet the decade also heralded serious

in Civilising rural Ireland
Locating the monsters in the machine: an investigation of faith

interpretation and translation. Snowball sampling and existing contacts facilitated our research access to these participants. The research aimed to gain an understanding of Christian asylum seekers’ experiences of seeking asylum in the UK. 78 Science and the politics of openness The research encounters were audio recorded and transcribed before the analysis, using thematic and conversational techniques. While the study has delivered depth, the findings cannot be taken to be representative of the experience of Pakistani Christians in the UK or indeed of Christian refugees

in Science and the politics of openness
A discourse view on the European Community and the abolition of border controls in the second half of the 1980s

borders (Newman 2001 : 140–1) and their function was understood as either open or closed (Rumford 2006 : 160). A sociological approach to borders has turned attention to the meaning-making practices involving borders (Parker and Vaughan-Williams 2009 ; Parizot et al. 2014 ; Johnson et al. 2011 ). It led to the notion of bordering, a focus on the process through which borders are made and remade; borders are never permanent

in Security/ Mobility
The Indian experience

as the primary cause of the political marginalization of women. While the women’s movement engaged with the project of redefining politics by imbuing it with feminist analysis based on the dictum ‘the personal is political’, this project focused largely on the improvement of access to participation in this redefined politics (CWDS, 1994:19–25). Most of the groups involved in the women’s movement in the 1970s were urban based, and their members were drawn from the educated middle class and from the left of the political spectrum (Kumar, 1989). The women’s movement

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Open Access (free)
Reading SimCity

. And yet by operating in this ‘sim’ universe with only a comparatively loose connection with the observed world, it is open to far more extreme departures from that world than had been possible in Close Combat. It is the apparent lack of constraint in disposing of any limits on the possibility of outcome that this chapter explores, and this implication that we have access, here, not to single texts but to a near infinite number of texts, that is interrogated. That popular fiction is essentially formulaic is a common enough negative observation – and SimCity is almost

in More than a game
The Women’s National Commission

by a reluctance to engage directly with gender (let alone feminist) issues. Both of the major parties (Conservative and Labour) as well as the third party (Liberal and more recently Liberal Democrat) have tended towards a liberal approach: an assumption that THE UK WOMEN’S NATIONAL COMMISSION 185 the adoption of policies which outlaw discrimination and open up access will eventually achieve a broad measure of equality across all socio-economic cleavages. The 1960s was a period of relative optimism and prosperity in the UK. A post-Second World War politics of

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?