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David Barling

Commission, which led in turn to DEFRA’s Strategy for Sustainable Farming and Food chap 5 13/8/04 4:22 pm Page 109 Food agencies as an institutional response 109 (2002) laying out a reordering of policy. At the EU level the hitherto largely autonomous agricultural policy process, as enshrined in the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), is also evolving through a long and ongoing period of policy adaptation. The signalled intention of the next phase of CAP reform is to shift supports more substantially away from production subsidies to the (largely non-production) rural

in Qualities of food
Structures and spaces
Nüket Kardam and Selma Acuner

strategies for NWMs that emerge from this analysis as well as those that incorporate NWMs but go beyond them to include other political actors. Gender mainstreaming and institutionalization While in the 1970s and 1980s Women in Development advocates talked of ‘integrating women into development’, in the 1990s the emphasis was on the institutionalization of gender issues in development policy and planning. This shift in emphasis stemmed from the recognition that institutions were already ‘gendered’, typically placing women in sex-typed services and targeting women

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

multitude of bystanders, watchers, wanderers, shoppers, sellers and commuters going ahead with their myriad activities (cited in Scott 1998: 132–46). A similar argument could be made regarding the role of creative survival strategies put in place to host and feed the troops. Their menace, disorder, disruption and distrust are mitigated by the same activities that are used to sustain family, neighbours and community. The hierarchically commanded militarising presence is subverted by making the military dependent, with a duty of reciprocity, on the landscape of

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Credibility, dirigisme and globalisation
Ben Clift

-liberal orthodoxy to ‘credibility’, and the changing cost–benefit analysis of national economic policies, that ‘global mobility of capital and production in a world of open economies have made the central policies of European social democracy unworkable’ (Gray 1998: 88-9). Yet the mooted incompatibility of economic strategies inspired by Keynesian thinking with the new international political economic context of global financial markets has been exaggerated (Clift and Tomlinson 2007). Particular Keynesian policies are sustainable in principle in a ‘globalising’ world. The role of

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
The restructuring of work and production in the international political economy
Louise Amoore

domain of the market is represented as encroaching on the domain of the state. For many, the ‘footloose MNC’ has become the visible face of global markets, wielding its power over national governments and changing the balance of political authority in the GPE. As a result, firms have come to be understood as essentially rational actors whose actions have created and sustained an intensification of competition in global markets. For IPE, a specific type of firm, the Amoore_Global_06_Ch5 116 6/19/02, 2:05 PM The ‘contested’ firm 117 MNC, has been cast as the key

in Globalisation contested
Lessons from case studies from the South and North
Rajesh Tandon and Edward T. Jackson

2 Building blocks of partnerships: lessons from case studies from the South and North Rajesh Tandon and Edward T. Jackson It is said that practice makes perfect. Indeed, we are convinced that it is only by doing community–university partnerships that engaged academics, reflective practitioners, progressive policymakers and innovative funders can both understand and strengthen this approach to mobilizing knowledge for livelihoods, sustainability and democracy. While, as Paolo Freire showed, action and reflection are two mutually reinforcing and dialectical

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Jaewoo Choo

set of domestic and foreign policy concerns, particularly the desire to address unresolved border disputes with its many neighbours, to dampen ethnic unrest in the Xinjiang autonomous province, to foster regional economic cooperation, to open new markets for Chinese arms, and to reduce the incidence of drug trafficking and illegal migration.2 American interest in the region was closely linked to the Clinton strategy of engagement and enlargement, particularly the desire to facilitate the transition to democracy and the market economy in the states spawned by the

in Limiting institutions?
Paul Collinson

membership of environmental groups in Ireland is among the lowest of European countries. Also, the Irish government itself was late to recognise the importance of environmental sustainability, in part through an incorporation of EU regulations and programmes focused on the environment (Coyle 1994; Tovey, Share, and Corcoran 2007). These observations provide a partial explanation for the discernible dichotomy between ‘community’ and ‘environmental’ development in Ireland. Although the country has a strong tradition of community activism against the activities of potential

in Alternative countrysides
Open Access (free)
From idealism to pragmatism (1984–2002)
Bruno Villalba and Sylvie Vieillard-Coffre

. In a quarter of a century, the Greens have had the opportunity to try out a number of organisational approaches and to test various electoral strategies and to develop novel internal practices based on their own particular motivations and identity. Gradually, however, they have been forced to accept a dose of political reality and adapt their membership practices in the interests of electoral success. In carrying out our organisational, electoral and ideological analysis, our aim is to explore how the Greens have tried to maintain a coherent identity while facing

in The French party system
Open Access (free)
Emilio Santoro

prohibitions or restrictions on begging, curfews for teenagers and the increased use of electronic controls, such as video surveillance in public places and on transport services. David Garland 2 has interpreted this situation as a ‘hysterical denial’ before the law enforcing agencies’ self-confessed inability to control crime and their consequent resort to strategies that place ever more responsibility for crime prevention on

in Political concepts