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Alison Forrestal

of Bourges, was granted a transfer to the far wealthier see of Sens, in reward for his sustained support of the new king chap 1 22/3/04 22 12:11 pm Page 22 FATHERS, PASTORS AND KINGS through the 1590s.13 Among others, rewards were made to the future cardinal Jacques Du Perron, René de Daillon du Lude and René Benoist, who received the sees of Evreux, Bayeux and Troyes respectively in return for their allegiance to the Bourbon cause.14 The tendency of the crown to view bishoprics as means of promoting order and rewarding loyalty was accompanied and encouraged

in Fathers, pastors and kings
Defending Cold War Canada
Katie Pickles

halt to the international control of atomic power. 33 Likewise, in the USA, scientists working towards international control of atomic weapons were silenced. The international control movement collapsed; the nuclear arms’ race began. 34 As Denis Smith has put it, the Cold War was off to a frightening start and ‘fear was malignant: henceforth it paralysed thought, sustained ignorance, and bred

in Female imperialism and national identity
Daktar Binodbihari Ray Kabiraj and the metaphorics of the nineteenth-century Ayurvedic body
Projit Bihari Mukharji

from the Zoroastrian Zend Avesta to the Christian Bible as well as the Quran and the Indic Vedas on the other, Ray pursued his key strategy of ‘breaking metaphors’. The fascinating cosmology he arrived at through his strategy and his elaborate mathematical calculations are too rich and complex to unpack here. But it included, amongst other things, an ancient race of man-lions, an extremely dark-skinned Aryan race inhabiting the Arctic regions at a time when the rest of the planet was simply too hot to sustain life, a global climate change attended by large

in Progress and pathology
Alison Forrestal

dignity, and their sustained efforts to proclaim their jurisdictional droit divin officially reveal their wishes and beliefs. In 1657, they for the first time explicitly demonstrated their adherence to this provocative, but rewarding, theory of episcopal power. On the other hand, the episcopate was foiled in its plan to locate episcopal droit divin as the only legitimate position of the French church. It was not able to achieve this at any stage, though it would continue to demonstrate its adherence to it in the wake of the crisis in 1657 and to challenge papal

in Fathers, pastors and kings
Open Access (free)
Adam Fox and Daniel Woolf

formed a fundamental part of the perceptions and consciousness of their speakers. They were the cultural building blocks through which the sense of belonging to a particular locality or ‘country’ was fashioned and sustained.58 These distinctive ‘countries’, or agrarian pays, which disaggregated Britain’s regions were as crucial in the construction of cultural identity as they were in the determination of economic organization and social structure. Many such geographical areas could be located, some of them retaining elements of particularity to this day. One such was

in The spoken word
A twenty-first century trial?
Dominic McGoldrick

, however, vigorously denied the allegations of wrongdoing36 and argued instead that responsibility lay chiefly with the Kosovo Liberation Army (‘KLA’) and NATO. The KLA constituted a terrorist threat to Serbia, against which Serbia lawfully defended itself. This defence did not include ethnic cleansing – on the contrary, the KLA ordered the Kosovo population to flee in order to attract NATO support, and NATO bombings caused further flight, destruction, and death.37 NATO intervention was part of a larger strategy to secure global control. It stirred up conflicts between

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Open Access (free)
The International Arbitration and Peace Association
Heloise Brown

attracted a number of prominent British pacifists, and drew workers from a wide range of peace organisations. It also explicitly targeted women. During the 1890 and 1891 Congresses at which the idea for the Bureau was established, a number of resolutions were passed regarding women’s roles in peace work. The most comprehensive of these called for: every woman throughout the world to sustain, as wife, mother, sister, or citizen, the things that make for Peace; as otherwise she incurs grave responsabilities [sic] for the continuance of the systems of war and militarism

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Open Access (free)
Agency and selfhood at stake
Lara Apps and Andrew Gow

uninterested in actual prosecutions, works with materials that are linked closely with trials: the authors of late medieval and early modern demonological treatises drew heavily on trial accounts for evidence to develop and sustain their arguments. These treatises, in turn, contributed to the evolution of learned witchcraft theory and thus to the dynamics and patterns of witchcraft prosecutions. On one level, this is merely stating the

in Male witches in early modern Europe
Organizing principles, 1900–1919
Katie Pickles

work commanding a respect that they would sustain and extend in future years. The IODE was greatly excited by, as well as concerned about, the arrival of immigrants. As part of its mission to produce a Canada that mimicked Britain, the IODE sought British immigrants to populate Canadian space. A framework of powerful racial preferences was constructed as the norm to which all others must assimilate

in Female imperialism and national identity
The canadianizing 1920s
Katie Pickles

satisfaction of masculine needs, the preservation of British cultural and political predominance in the dominions by the breeding of new generations from fresh British stock, and the sustaining of economic production and prosperity through the stimulus of more marriage, higher birth rates, population growth and larger markets. 10

in Female imperialism and national identity