Constituting the cultural economy

constituting market segments themselves. The skilled deployment of technical expertise in tandem with economic nous and cultural knowledge appears as particularly crucial in a setting where demand for products and for labour can shift very rapidly. This has critical implications for the nature and the role of the firm. As the discussion goes on to suggest, the status of the firm as a site of organisational culture and collective knowledge is precarious in sectors where products, ideas and know-how quickly become dated, and as cultural workers adopt (by choice or necessity) a

in Market relations and the competitive process

particular on the services provided through workplace ‘sick clubs’, the chapter examines the development of medical responses to sickness and injury in and around coalmining communities in late eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Britain and shows how the coal industry was innovative both in the extent of medical provision available to workers 56 DISABILITY IN THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION and in a variety of responses to workplace injury from first aid to specialist convalescent homes. The expansion of medical services made mineworkers, like other industrial workers

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution
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La gauche de la gauche

provide his own answer to the question, claiming to want ‘a market economy but not a market society’.4 But having held out the prospect of a break with the neo-liberal orthodoxy, his government chose not to act when workers at Renault-Vilvorde, Michelin and Danone called on Jospin to make good his campaign promises to make it harder for companies to make mass redundancies.5 Beyond the mainstream: la gauche de la gauche 95 By 1999, he appeared resigned to the impotence of government before the market, announcing on national television that ‘I do not think our role is

in The French party system

government, now led by Labour’s Harold Wilson, renewed the application. Once again it was a less than enthusiastic attempt. There were a number reasons for this. ● A majority of Labour’s membership was probably opposed to membership. It has to be remembered that Labour was further to the left of the political spectrum than it is today. The very large left wing of the party saw the European Community as a ‘capitalist club’, whose motives were to be suspected. The concept of free trade was seen as benefiting business at the expense of workers’ pay and rights. Wilson, who

in Understanding British and European political issues
Gumboot dance in South Africa

narrative of racial segregation, which led to the development of the apartheid regime (1948–​94). Racial segregation was organised around legal and political structures that disabled communication between the white and the black population. Gumboot dance originated in the gold mines of South Africa, where working conditions were hard and talking was forbidden (Dixon 1998). On 17 February 1920, the 2,000 workers in the Cason compound at the massive ERPM complex went out on strike. Within days, workers struck on every major mine and thirty-​one compounds across the reef. By

in Dance and politics
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Borders, ticking clocks and timelessness among temporary labour migrants in Israel

workers rather than making capital investments to modernise conditions or make jobs more appealing to Israelis (Bartram 2004). Over time, employers demanded expansion of the policy to include entry of migrants to care for the elderly and to provide household assistance (i.e. caregiving). Some argue that the policy expansion was also intended to weaken the Palestinian hand in negotiations (Raijman and Kemp 2007). Table 5.1 summarises the number of legal migrant workers in Israel in 2010. The policy to bring in workers is essentially an indenturing programme: Israel

in Migrating borders and moving times
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1959 general election that the result appeared inevitable. Armed with the belief that rising incomes were blurring class differences, such that better-off manual workers adhered to ‘middle-class’ values, many observers argued that the basic cause of Gaitskell’s defeat was Labour’s 61 fielding ch 3.P65 61 10/10/03, 12:33 62 Fielding failure to come to terms with ‘affluence’. Harold Macmillan’s party won, in contrast, because it had responded with greater understanding. Authoritative sources predicted that if Labour did not react in like manner, it would probably

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1
The restructuring of work in Germany

restructuring is that this debate is inclusive only in the sense that it includes core workers in a highly protected labour market. For the increasing numbers of people excluded from the core labour market in Germany, this is a debate that is closed to them and is unlikely to reflect their experiences. Historical representations of the social market Both the proponents and the critics of the so-called German ‘model’ of capitalism tend to make appeals to the historical development of the institutions and practices of the German ‘social market’ political economy. For the

in Globalisation contested

rationale for using RG class is that it is simpler and closely corresponds to the social class Social routines and the consumption of food 2 3 4 5 81 scheme used by advertisers in their marketing strategies (i.e. the familiar A, B, C1, C2, D, E grouping). The Registrar General’s class is analogous and is defined as follows: I Professionals II Managers IIIN Routine white-collar workers IIIM Skilled manual workers IV Semi skilled workers V Unskilled workers Whenever we refer to class in what follows this is the scheme that we are using. Class V, unskilled workers, is

in Innovation by demand
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, wrote in the Transport and General Workers’ Union journal, The Record, in April 1933: In the case of Soviet Russia, who is endeavouring to work out a different economic system from that existing in this country, we have fought determinedly against [British] intervention . . . and have done everything in our power to assist her, not withstanding the fact that we have often met with abuse and attack from the Russians themselves. We have done this because we believe that this great economic experiment may considerably influence the development of world planning and

in In search of social democracy