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Volker M. Heins

incorporation of immigrants in Western nation-states. In fact, the concept first appeared in the vocabulary of the British Empire after the loss of the American colonies, when officers in London decided to tighten the reins on their subjects in the rest of the empire. It is also worth recalling that the defeat of the British in the American War and the Declaration of Independence of

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain

bringing to bear on existing scholarship an increasing awareness of the construction of whiteness as an invisible but crucial pillar of race. 16 Part I canvasses the extent of the ‘second’ British Empire after the loss of the American colonies and the subsequent reappraisal of colonial administration that occurred in the mid–late 1830s. Part II consists of three chapters, grouped as ‘Establishing settler dominance’, in which

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
Helene Brembeck

build-up of the British Empire, when British banking institutions were asked to safeguard valuables for clients on extended journeys. The banks turned to the moving (drayage) companies for storage, and the movers produced storage space in primitive lofts (Darden, 2001). Later, banks assumed responsibility for their own storage in strong-rooms built in the basements of banks with vaulted ceilings – hence the word ‘vault’. 46 Overwhelmed by overflows But bank officials gladly relate a grand history of generic safekeeping dating back many thousands of years to ancient

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Open Access (free)
Thomas Salmon’s Modern History
Ben Dew

worthless selves are now deem’d Marks of the most consummate Wisdom; and the Man would be accounted frantick who should hazard his Person or his Fortune abroad in the Advancement of Trade, or gaining new Acquisitions to the British Empire.55 Salmon’s treatment of Elizabethan trade and finance was shaped by this narrative. In relation to the former, he sought to present Elizabeth’s reign as a period of nationally beneficial commercial endeavour. This was partly a product of the Queen’s own measures which, Salmon argued, drawing heavily on Camden, included the running of

in Commerce, finance and statecraft
Open Access (free)
Alternative pasts, sustainable futures
David Calder

exemplar of how theatrical space works. During a street theatre performance, the audience is aware of the material reality of the street (whatever form that takes), in addition to the iconic and indexical spaces described by Carlson. 27 Edward Ziter, for instance, has demonstrated how Victorian stage melodramas transformed the vastness of the British Empire into easily comprehended theatrical landscapes, making geographically remote locales intelligible as a ‘periphery’ bound to the ‘centre’ of London. See Edward Ziter, ‘Staging the Geographic Imagination: Imperial

in Street theatre and the production of postindustrial space
New stories on rafted ice
Elana Wilson Rowe

the Arctic region, largely through scientific and military endeavours (Wråkberg, 2013). The nineteenth and twentieth centuries also saw a new phase of exploration in conversation with the State more directly, rather than the broad consortiums representing various economic interests that drove previous phases of exploration. Sir John Franklin, and later Fridtjof Nansen, Roald Amundsen and Robert Peary are prominent names in this regard. For example, Franklin’s journeys with the Erebus and Terror in 1845 were motivated in part by the British empire’s naval strength

in Arctic governance
Open Access (free)
British masculinities, pomophobia, and the post-nation
Berthold Schoene

allegedly superior needs, Jimmy’s leadership would crumble and his claim to heroic status evaporate. As Osborne’s stage directions indicate, Jimmy’s frantic last-minute attempts at consolidating his position cannot pre-empt his imminent dematerialisation: ‘He has lost [Alison and Cliff], and he knows it, but he won’t leave it’ (10). It seems tempting to read Jimmy’s angry young male struggle for an anachronistic kind of masculine dominance, already lost to devolutionary processes of ever greater societal diversification, as symptomatic of the break-up of the British

in Across the margins
Open Access (free)
Murdo Macdonald

to twentieth-century immigration from Europe and the British Empire, Scotland has historically and presently an overtly diverse cultural identity. Regardless of what language or languages are spoken at present, most Scots are aware of the linguistic diversity of their own backgrounds. A workingclass woman from a post-industrial Ayrshire steel town whose first language is Scots may share with a middle-class man born in Edinburgh whose first language is English the fact that each has a great-grandparent who was a native Gaelic speaker. This shows the degree of threat

in Across the margins
Neil McNaughton

of the British Empire was now under way, so this represented less of a tie than before. Furthermore, Macmillan had become aware that Britain was not the world power it had once been. He managed to persuade a sceptical Conservative party that an application should be made. Negotiations began in 1961, only two years after EFTA had come into existence. Three major obstacles existed which were likely to prevent British entry. They were: 1 French President Charles de Gaulle, a vehement nationalist, was determined that France should dominate the Community. If Britain

in Understanding British and European political issues
Christine E. Hallett

Adventure with the Serbian Army, 1916–1919 (New York: Frederick A. Stokes, n.d.). 40 On the novels of Bessie Marchant, see: Michelle Smith, ‘Adventurous Girls of the British Empire: The Pre-War Novels of Bessie Marchant’, The Lion and the Unicorn, 33.1 (2009): 1–25. 41 Sandes, An English Woman-Sergeant: 19–21. 42 Smith, The Second Battlefield: 55–6. 43 Mabel St Clair Stobart, The Flaming Sword in Serbia and Elsewhere (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1916): passim. 44 Stobart, Flaming Sword: 1–4. 45 Stobart, Flaming Sword: 1–4. On Mabel St Clair Stobart, see: Angela Smith

in Nurse Writers of the Great War