Open Access (free)
Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory
Jeremy C.A. Smith

something different for the Francophone majority. France has persisted doggedly with colonial rule, unable, it seems, to relinquish its past status as a world empire (Scarr, 2001: 265). The Caroline, Mariana and Marshall Islands and Guam  –​the area of Micronesia  –​had a shared historical experience of intensive inter-​imperial rivalry. Spanish rule gave way, between 1886 and the end of the Pacific War, to German domination and then Japanese expansionism and emigration, ending in outright military takeover. American military occupation of Guam portended overall political

in Debating civilisations
Arantza Gomez Arana

.1% China: 11.4% China: 9.7% China: 11.5% US: 15.2% Argentina: 12.3% Argentina: 6.2% US: 10.9% EU-27: 9.4% China: 10.8% Switzerland: 6.2% Japan: 4.7% Chile: 4.3% China: 7.3% US: 7.5% Nigeria: 4.1% Mexico: 2.5% Mexico: 2.5% Paraguay: 4.6% Chile: 3.5% Paraguay: 1.6% Paraguay: 1.6% Mexico: 3.0% South Korea: 2.3% Russia: 1.6% Uruguay: 1.5% Nigeria: 3.0% Mexico: 2.2% Uruguay: 1.5% Japan: 1.3% Russia: 2.5% Russia: 2.1% Japan: 1.3% South Africa: 2.3% Russia: 9.7% Norway: 4.7% Brazil: 2.2% Note:  Figures are percentage of total foreign trade

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
Still unique or just one in the crowd?
Karen E. Smith

is making it very difficult to strengthen the partnership; external events are frustrating the EU’s strategy. Asia Of the five regions covered here, Asia is the most diverse. It encompasses some of the richest economies in the world (Japan, South Korea) and some of the poorest (Cambodia, Laos). Disputes and conflicts divide the region’s countries (India–Pakistan and China–Taiwan, to name but two). As a result, devising a strategy for all of Asia is difficult, but the Union still locates its assistance programme under one ‘Asia’ heading. The Union’s relations have

in EU development cooperation
Mark Harvey

‘undermine economic value’) while clusters are good (‘open’, ‘facilitating’, 1998a, p. 227). The best kinds of clusters are to be found mostly in the USA, where the greatest number provide the greatest synergies arising from overlapping clusters, whereas in developing countries clusters tend to be too centralised around a few dominant players, are often state supported, and are ‘hub-and-spoke networks’ (1998a, p. 231). Japan is castigated for following such a model, exacerbated by a metropol-centric and overdirected bias. Given this fusion of the empirical and the

in Market relations and the competitive process
Implications for jobs and inequality
Rosemary Batt and Eileen Appelbaum

, ­enabling decentralised production in flexibly specialised firms (Piore and Sabel, 1984). Japanese lean production, characterised by lead firms controlling manufacturing processes in a complex web of supplier firms (Dore, 1986), achieved higher levels of innovation, lower time-to-market for new products and higher quality and efficiency than mass production models (Jaikumar, 1986; MacDuffie, 1995). The rising influence of institutional investors and shareholders also put 74 Making work more equal pressure on firms to reduce costs and headcount and dismantle the

in Making work more equal
Christine E. Hallett

just published, she escaped the ‘zone of the armies’ and chose to put thousands of miles between herself and war-torn Europe, travelling to China with longstanding friend and companion Emily Chadbourne, and remaining there for two years, visiting Japan, French Indo-China, Siam, and the Straits Settlements. She spent much of her time writing and campaigning against the exploitation of colonised people, and most particularly against the opium trade.51 For her efforts, she was awarded the Lun Tse Hsu Memorial Medal by the Chinese Nationalist Government, and the Order of

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Open Access (free)
Janet Wolff

for many centuries, the words most commonly used for blue are glaukos and kyaneos ... During the classical era, kyaneos meant a dark color: deep blue, violet, brown, and black. In fact, it evokes more the ‘feeling’ of the color than its actual hue. The term glaukos, which existed in the Archaic period and was much used by Homer, can refer to gray, blue, and sometimes even yellow or brown. Philip Ball tells us that blue and yellow are categorised together in some Slavic languages as well as in other languages in northern Japan, East Nigeria and among some northern

in Austerity baby
An introduction
Budd L. Hall

inequality in our lives at both local and global levels. Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett’s exhaustive study of inequality and its impacts around the world is but one of the many technically competent and evidence-based studies which illustrate what many of us see in our work in communities on a day-to-day basis. According to Wilkinson and Pickett (2009), on almost every index of quality of life, or wellness, or deprivation, there is a strong correlation between a country’s level of economic inequality and its social outcomes. Almost always, Japan and the Scandinavian

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Paul Henley

, as well as four elderly ‘grannies’ who dress in traditional Naxi minority dress and do everything together. In Shanghai Vice , they include the daughter of the Lijiang doctor, Teng Shao, who has come to Shanghai to study, thereby linking the two series, as well as a diverse range of other characters, including Teng Shao's landlady, the latter's gentleman companion who is a professor of Japanese, a well-known radio talk-show host, a group of Chinese opera performers, as well as a young boy suffering from a serious

in Beyond observation
Autopilot, neglect or worse?
Nick Bisley

order. This was in part about sharing the burden of security order provision, but was also about making it more flexible and nimble, allowing it a wider geographic expanse in which to be effective. It was also about broadening the political base for the US regional role. A more integrated security order in which allies like Japan and Australia work together as well as with the United States looks a lot less like hegemonism than the asymmetries of the past. Critics of Obama might suggest that there was nothing especially new here. Bush had been keen on allies doing

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific