, ‘The formulaic relationship between Beowulf and Andreas ’, in Helen Damico and John Leyerle (eds), Heroic poetry in the Anglo-Saxon period: studies in honor of Jess B. Bessinger, Jr. (Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1993), pp. 283–312; Anita R. Riedinger, ‘ Andreas and the formula in transition’, in Patrick J. Gallacher and Helen Damico (eds), Hermeneutics and medieval culture (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1989), pp. 183–91; Alison M. Powell, ‘Verbal parallels in Andreas and its relationship to Beowulf and Cynewulf’, PhD
.), Contemporary Marxist Literary Criticism (London:
Longman, 1992), p. 97.
3 Terry Eagleton (ed.), Raymond Williams: Critical Perspectives (Cambridge:
Polity Press, 1989), pp. 150–65.
4 The texts of this article’s discussion are Edward Said, Culture and Imperialism
(London: Chatto, 1993); Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, ‘Three Women’s Texts
and a Critique of Imperialism’, in Henry Louis Gates Jr (ed.), ‘Race’, Writing
and Difference (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986) pp. 262–80;
Fredric Jameson, ‘Modernism and Imperialism’, in Seamus Deane (ed.),
National’s powerful image of how a golf course should
Above we quoted journalist Sharon
Oosthoek in saying that in the 1960s colour broadcasts of the
Masters tournament had golfers themselves turning green with envy.
Augusta National was developed in the early 1930s thanks to a
partnership between Robert Trent Jones Jr., the famous course
architect, and Clifford Roberts, Augusta’s aforementioned
owner and chairman. It became the site of the Masters in 1934, and
it was not long before the
Erica Charters, Marie Houllemare, and Peter H. Wilson
T. J. Humphrey, New World
Order: Violence, Sanction and Authority in the Colonial Americas (Philadelphia, 2005);
M. Broers, ‘War and Crime in Napoleonic Italy, 1800–1814: Regeneration, Imperialism
and Resistance’, in L. A. Knafla (ed.), Policing and War in Europe (Westport, CT, 2002);
G. Plank, Rebellion and Savagery: The Jacobite Rising of 1745 and the British Empire
(Philadelphia, 2006); A. Pagden, Lords of all the Worlds: Ideologies of Empire in Spain,
Britain and France c.1500–c.1800 (New Haven, CT, 1998); R. A. Williams Jr, The American
Indian in Western
Peacock, A. and Weir, R. (1975), The Composer in the Market Place, London, Faber
Pitte, J.-R. (1991), Gastronomie Française: Histoire et Géographie d’une Passion,
Poulain, J. (2002), Sociologies de L’Alimentation : Les Mangeurs et L’Espace Social
Alimentaire, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France.
Discovering quality or performing taste?
Ricœur, P. (1990), Soi-Même Comme un Autre, Paris, Seuil.
Rose, N. and Miller, P. (1990), ‘Governing economic life’, Economy & Society, 19(1),
Rose, N. and
(Pritchard Jr. et
al. 1998:30 f.). Elinor Ostrom’s answer in her now classic
Governing the Commons is twofold. The underlying principle in
her model of stable, ecosystem-based governance is one of
congruence between a natural ecosystem and the unit of governance for that system. Regimes for the use and management of
natural resources must thus have clearly defined boundaries, and
the users/managers of the resource should have their right to
organise recognised by external governmental authorities.
Pointing to the complexity posed by the crossing scales of natural
Translatina world-making in The Salt Mines and Wildness
In the film’s first scene, Little Man, an energetic homeless Latino man,
shows the filmmakers around the Salt Mines and names the people who
live there the Salt People. Gigi, Giovanna, and Sara and their friends Little
Man, JR, Bobby, Edwin, and Ruby2 talk to the filmmakers about their lives
and hopes for the future, and make an assessment of the United States. Gigi,
with dyed red hair and a leather jacket, is a cynical fast-talker from Puerto
Rico, Giovanna a determined Afro-Latina from the Dominican Republic
(see figure 6.1), and Sara a
Castellani, Microbes, Men and Monarchs: A
Doctor’s Life in Many Lands , London, Gollancz, 1960;
Schram, History of the Nigerian Health Services ; J.J.
McKelvey Jr, Man Against Tsetse: Struggle for Africa , London,
Cornell University Press, 1973 ; Gelfand, A
Service to the Sick
strongly in the
self-perception and tastes of the Parsi community he describes.
But what are these cultural specificities when it comes to
literary influence? During the colonial era, anglicisation ensured
that Parsi literary endeavours were mainly in English (although
Parsis have an honourable role in the creation of Gujarati drama
too33). As Nilufer Bharucha has observed, writers such as
Behram Malabari, Cornelia Sorabji and D. F. Karaka jr. formed
the vanguard of Parsi writers in the late nineteenth and early
twentieth centuries. After a period in the doldrums, Parsi
Gender and nationalism in the early fiction of Flora Nwapa
Wills, Improprieties: Politics and Sexuality in Northern Irish
Poetry (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).
18 See Abdul JanMohamed’s reading of the Fanonist (and Sartrean) concept of the
manichean in ‘The economy of the Manichean allegory: the function of racial
diﬀerence in colonialist literature’, in Henry Louis Gates Jr. (ed.), ‘Race’, Writing
and Diﬀerence (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986), pp. 78–106; and also
in his Manichean Aesthetics (Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press,
19 Consider, for example, the now canonical characterisation of