Open Access (free)
Tracing relatedness and diversity in the Albanian–Montenegrin borderland
Jelena Tošić

. Benhabib, Seyla (2002) The Claims of Culture: Equality and Diversity in the Global Era. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Blumi, Isa (2003) ‘Contesting the edges of the Ottoman Empire: rethinking ethnic and sectarian boundaries in the Malësore 1878–1912’, International Journal for Middle East Studies, 35: 237–256. Bougarel Xavier, Elissa Helms and Ger Duijzings (eds) (2007) The New Bosnian Mosaic: Identities, Memories and Moral Claims in a Post-War Society. London: Ashgate. Bushati, Hamdi (1998) Shkodra dhe Motet: Traditë, Ngjarje, Njerëz (Velimi I) [Shkodra and

in Migrating borders and moving times
On last animals and future bison
Joshua Schuster

throughout nearly all of Asia and the Middle East, but are now found only in small pockets of territory, most notably in India, China and Russia, less than 10 per cent of their historical range. The wolf and grizzly bear used to range across almost all regions in Europe, Northern Asia and North America; almost no bears remain in Europe and the wolf has been eradicated in nearly all of its former territory in Europe and much of North America. How do we understand the condition of animals now that low populations and drastically diminished habitat ranges are the new norms

in Literature and sustainability
Douglas Blum

instrument of state building.44 Thus, like the remaining Central Asian states, they joined the Economic Cooperation Organisation and Islamic Confederation Organisation soon after the fall of the Soviet Union.45 And yet Islam has also been tempered somewhat variously by Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan. Martha Brill Olcott observes that Turkmenistan has a larger devout population and has therefore pursued closer political and economic ties with the Islamic states of the Middle East than has Kazakhstan, which, given its image of Russia as potentially hostile, is committed to

in Limiting institutions?
Is the CFSP sui generis?
Jakob C. Øhrgaard

reflect the lowest common denominator of national positions, and if the high degree of socialisation has had an impact on the actors’ perceptions of their interests, then it should be possible to detect even subtle changes in member states’ definitions of these interests. Thus Michael E. Smith identifies a number of areas in which this appears to have taken place, both on regional issues such as the Middle East, Central America and

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Jenny Edkins

impossibility of succeeding. It is not an either/or choice but a question of doing both, somehow, like Derrida’s double contradictory imperative. Only some form of independent action, whether by individuals working within state institutions or outside them, seems likely to be able to do this. Expert, codified, state-serving action has different imperatives. One book that stands out among recent work tracing the origins of humanitarianism, and not only for its focus on the Middle East, is Keith David Watenpaugh’s Bread from Stones.60 It stands out for me because of the close

in Change and the politics of certainty
Robert Sutter

tanks and interest groups joined media and other commentators in depicting major shortcomings in the Obama government’s policies in Europe, the Middle East and Asia. One target was the so-called Obama Doctrine laid out in the President’s speech to graduating West Point cadets in 2014 that showed greater administration wariness regarding security engagements abroad. 5 In Asia, congressional and other American critics of Obama’s Rebalance claimed that Washington was not resolute enough in defending the United States’ regional role as security guarantor, and not active

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Neil Macmaster

them’. 34 Harbi and Meynier (eds), FLN: Documents, 193–4, 444–6. 35 Ibid., 289–90. 36 Ibid., 425–6. 37 Ibid., 424–5. 38 Feraoun, Journal, 67–8. 39 Launay, Paysans algériens, 176, 371, 396–9. 40 Eric R. Wolf, Peasant Wars of the Twentieth Century [1971] (London: Faber and Faber, 1973 edn), 290–2. 41 See Quandt, Revolution and Political Leadership. 42 Charrad, States and Women’s Rights, 179–82; for a similar analysis in relation to legal reform in Iraq and South Yemen, see Mervat F. Hatem, ‘Modernization, the State and the Family in Middle East Women’s Studies’, in

in Burning the veil
Open Access (free)
Ian Scott and Henry Thompson

will in Europe, Asia, much of the Middle East, and still much of Latin America. The recent revelations that the NSA’s and the UK’s surveillance programmes are linked is big news.1 Oliver Stone has been a fixture in the Hollywood landscape since his Oscar-​winning script for Midnight Express (Alan Parker, 1978). That high-​profile foothold gave him the opportunity to build slowly towards his ambition of capturing on film what he had lived through in Vietnam during 1967 and 1968. The young Yale man who had entered the army was a cerebral romantic in search of

in The cinema of Oliver Stone
Open Access (free)
Tony Addison

with erratic policy-making combined to deepen the region’s poverty and undermine many (but not all) of Africa’s old dictators. And for the Middle East, the view that authoritarian rule lies at the root of the region’s failure to diversify away from dependence on oil, and to create more employment for its young population, has gained converts with the debate over the causes of the terrorist attacks on the United States on 11 September 2001. This is not to say that democracy will necessarily do any better in these regions; but it is certainly the case that autocracy

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Francisco E. González and Desmond King

legislation. US foreign policy has often elicited distinct responses from different groups of Americans. Ethnic lobbying on foreign policy is longstanding: for instance, Jewish Americans’ interest in the Middle East or Irish Americans’ advocacy of Irish nationalism. African Americans have often found themselves at odds with US foreign policy, opposing US support of South African apartheid more vigorously and earlier than many policy-makers. In an earlier period, African Americans were dismayed by the failure of the United States to object to the Italian invasion of Ethiopia

in Democratization through the looking-glass