Paul Warde

labour that were squeezed down to cover no more than the costs of extraction also limited the spread of technology. This does not appear to have resulted from problems with knowledge transfer. Wind-powered sawmills sporting multiple blades, for example, spread rapidly after an explosion in their use in the Netherlands in the 1590s. They could be found in Brittany by 1621, Sweden in 1635, Manhattan in 1623, and soon after Cochin, Batavia and Mauritius. Yet they were only widely adopted in Norway in the 1840s. Small-scale production, low wages and high interest rates all

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Jes Wienberg

” in the 1980s (Huyssen 1995 : 14, 20, 25ff). In Sweden, Svante Beckman noted rapid growth in aesthetic and entertainment use of history and heritage, with an ever-larger number of museums and antique markets (Beckman 1993a : 28f). Referring to the rising number of countries that had ratified the World Heritage Convention and the increasing number of World Heritage sites, Thordis Arrhenius concluded that “[t]he inflation of heritage is today a fact” (Arrhenius 2003 : 162). And Rodney Harrison discusses a “heritage boom” and “crisis of accumulation” in late

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Armando Barrientos and Martin Powell

European elections, he argued that at least four distinct paths can be identified in Western Europe: the market-orientated way of New Labour; the market and consensus-orientated way of the Dutch polder model; the reform–welfare state way of the Swedish and Danish social democrats; and the statist way of the French socialists. He claims that no comparably clear profile can be

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Anu Koivunen, Katariina Kyrölä, and Ingrid Ryberg

relational, embodied subject and redefined autonomy as a critique of liberal individualism and modes of rationality (Anderson, 2003; Hutchings, 2013; Mackenzie, 2014; Nussbaum, 1986; Shildrick, 2002). Furthermore, links with paternalism and discourses of victimisation have been problematised by focusing on vulnerability and resistance as interlinked (Butler et al., 2016: 6), and by rethinking vulnerability as ‘productive’, as the Swedish research programme ‘Engaging Vulnerability’,3 funded by the Swedish Research Council for a full decade, suggests. Similarly

in The power of vulnerability
Open Access (free)
John Callaghan, Nina Fishman, Ben Jackson, and Martin Mcivor

corresponding dilution of traditional social democratic commitments. Drawing on the case studies of Australia, Germany and Sweden, Lavelle attributes this ‘neo-liberalisation’ of social democracy to the end of the post-war economic boom. Lower levels of economic growth mean that it is no longer possible, Lavelle argues, to pursue golden-age-style redistributive policies without arousing the decisive opposition of capital. In the following chapter, Norman Flynn offers support for elements of Lavelle’s analysis, but also departs from it. Flynn compares the economic performance

in In search of social democracy
The case of the Netherlands
Stuart Blume

, the Danish Statens Serum Institut (State Serum Institute or SSI) was established to produce diphtheria antitoxin in 1902, and a Swedish institute (SBL) in 1909. In the Netherlands, production of the anti-toxin began in a private institution, the Bacterio-therapeutisch Instituut. However, problems in meeting national needs during the First World War, coupled with political anxieties regarding security of supply and a sense of political

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Handling urban overflows
Orvar Löfgren

3 Moving in a sea of strangers: handling urban overflows Orvar Löfgren Overflow at the border I approach the improvised identity check at Malmö’s Central Station, in the southernmost part of Sweden. It was established in the fall of 2015 to control the rapidly growing number of refugees. Coming from Copenhagen airport, wheeling my neat carry-on bag, I am waved through quickly, the policeman barely glancing at the identity card I am holding like a talisman, while the migrants behind me, dragging all sorts of luggage, from battered suitcases and backpacks to

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Elana Wilson Rowe

in global governance settings (Jones and Clark, 2015; McConnell et al., 2012; Hakli and Kallio, 2014). Frame 1: a cooperative Arctic in rough winds The Arctic as a zone of peace At the 2013 Kiruna ministerial session, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov recalled a special ‘symbolic trip’ of the senior officials of the Arctic Council to the North Pole in April of that year. The trip was organised by the Russian Security Council and accompanied by a well-​known polar explorer and Russian Arctic policy actor, Artur Chilingarov. Chilingarov had been part of the Swedish

in Arctic governance
Caroline Rusterholz

Women were also present, and chief among them was the American birth control activist Margaret Sanger. The British women who took part in these international conferences were strongly feminist and envisaged birth control as a means of improving women's health. At the 1930 Zurich International Conference on Birth Control, female British doctors, alongside female German, Swedish and American doctors, shaped the debate in favour of the medicalisation of the issue. They drew on their practical experience acquired at national levels to move away from moral considerations

in Women’s medicine
Open Access (free)
Sven Rubenson, Amsalu Aklilu, Shiferaw Bekele, and Samuel Shiferaw 

. Otherwise I will guard like him. Again, I have sent to Asawirta and Tora that they should not come near you. May [God] let us meet. Amen. Written at Massawa on the 9th of Ṭirr in the year 1872. __________________ AEA, see above. ‘Abd al-Karīm was the cousin of Muḥammad and replaced him as nā’ib during his absence in 1880. 3 RUBENSON TEXT.indd 3 03/02/2021 13:53 Document no. 3 Mihiret Haylu to “friends in Sweden”, 17 Feb. [1880] Imkullu (M’Kullu), 17 February To my friends in Sweden. It is hard for me to write in Swedish, but my mother Rosa says to me that many

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