Open Access (free)
M. Anne Brown

apparently logical imperative that demands a choice one way or the other, may in some important respects be generated and sustained by the history of the development of the state and of colonialism. From this position of reserve, then, the chapter considers aspects of these two interlocking metatheoretical debates (in part through a discussion of alternative or more critical approaches to the conceptualisation of rights, or ethics). These debates have certainly been central to scholarly exchange on questions of rights (as well as on ethics more

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
The case of colonial India and Africa
C. A. Bayly

article, ‘Reversal of fortune’ (Acemoglu et al. 2002), they nuance this approach, arguing less from an ecological perspective than from a demographic one. The areas that were richest circa 1500 (e.g., the Mughal Empire, China, the Aztec Empire) attracted extractive styles of European colonialism and semi-colonialism and have consequently become relatively poor over the last half millennium. Those relatively underpopulated or impoverished territories in 1500 (e.g., Australia, New Zealand, the areas which became the USA or Argentina) required a much greater input of

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Sabine Clarke

: Macmillan, 1980), vol. 1, ch. 4; D. Goldsworthy, Colonial Issues in British Politics, 1945–1961 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971), p. 11; M. Havinden and D. Meredith, Colonialism and Development: Britain and Its Tropical Colonies, 1850–1960 (London and New York: Routledge, 1993), pp. 199–205; J. M. Lee and M. Petter, The Colonial Office, War and Development Policy: Organisation and the Planning of a Metropolitan Initiative, 1939–1945 (London: Maurice Temple Smith, 1982); S. R. Ashton and S. Stockwell, Imperial Policy and Colonial Practice, 1925–1945 , British

in Science at the end of empire
Open Access (free)
A war of extermination, grave looting, and culture wars in the American West
Tony Platt

Spanish and American colonialisms had their own particular regimes of domination, but it is helpful to take the long view that the period from the mid-eighteenth to late nineteenth centuries is interconnected and part of the ‘violent process of nation-making’ occurring worldwide.14 The loss of life under Spanish colonialism in what is now central and southern California was driven by contagious diseases, but the mission system was authoritarian and brutal, marked by ‘the sight of men and women in irons, the sound of the whip, the misery of the Culture wars in the

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
The Queen in Australia
Jane Landman

favour of appeasing post-colonial Indonesia. 18 The formal processes granting independence largely took place in a later wave than most African states; Fiji and Tonga in 1970, and the Australian Territory of Papua, and Trust Territory of New Guinea, in 1975 (hereafter TPNG). However, after the Second World War, as Priya Jaikumar notes, ‘colonialism had become embarrassing’. 19

in The British monarchy on screen
David Lloyd’s work
Laura Chrisman

chapter7 21/12/04 11:19 am Page 127 7 Theorising race, racism and culture: David Lloyd’s work My focus here is an important and influential article by postcolonial scholar David Lloyd, ‘Race Under Representation’, published in the 1991 ‘Neo-Colonialism’ issue of Oxford Literary Review.1 Lloyd sets out to explain ‘how the meshing of racial formations can take place between various levels and spheres of social practice, as, for example, between political and cultural spheres or between the individual and the national level’ (p. 63). A central argument of his

in Postcolonial contraventions
Jeremy C.A. Smith

an interactive model of overlaps and inter-​ connections of civilisations. Modernisation theory reached its apogee in the context of the Cold War and the end of Europe’s empires; that is, when the declining hegemony of the Western European powers became so clearly observable that it could no longer be denied. Decolonisation had two consequences in this respect. First, the rise of new nation-​states resulted in a Third World contrasted with the wealthy and mostly Western First World. Second, new migratory movements emerged as a consequence of colonialism and were

in Debating civilisations
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

intervention’, as have other critical thinkers in more scholarly manner, such as Anne Orford, 10 Antony Anghie 11 and Costas Douzinas. 12 For them, intervention is by definition abusive, the diktat of the powerful, a form of blatant neo-imperialism and neo-colonialism. But a minority of leftist thinkers, who put a premium on self-determination and saving the weak from the strong, are favourable to such interventions, albeit in very exceptional cases, such as Jürgen Habermas, 13 Michael

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Open Access (free)
The failure of history
Neil Macmaster

-dominated organisation in which the values of the warrior rested on a conservative view of female domesticity and subordination, should have had any interest in the plight of Algerian women. A complex of factors contributed to this innovative shift: faced with significant progressive reform of family law in Tunisia, Morocco and elsewhere, the French government did not want to be seen to fall behind and to give a hostage to those interests that were seeking to pillory French colonialism before the UN and the M1822 - MACMASTER TEXT.indd 395 21/7/09 12:16:33 396 Burning the veil

in Burning the veil
Missing persons and colonial skeletons in South Africa
Nicky Rousseau

Jardin des Plantes and later Musée de l’Homme in Paris;40 a third instance arose through research by historians on museum collections of skeletal remains in South Africa and Europe.41 These suggested that, while the TRC had been charged with accounting for human rights abuse during the apartheid period, colonialism’s violence remained unresolved.42 These bodies spoke to longer histories of dismemberment and dissection, and those of acquisition, whether as war trophies or other means of collection. The skeletal remains in museums, whose afterlives historians Martin

in Human remains and identification