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Alannah Tomkins

consumerism in early modern England’, Journal of Social History, 24 (1990), p. 259. 34 Campbell, London Tradesman, pp. 296–7. Pawnbroking and the urban poor 195 35 The Poor Man’s Friend, or the Frauds of the Pawnbrokers Exposed (London, H. Chance, c. 1835), pp. 6–7. 36 An Apology, pp. 15–16. 37 Gentleman’s Magazine, xxii (1752), p. 284. 38 30 Geo 2 c. 24. 39 24 Geo 3 c. 42. 40 W. Godwin, The Adventures of Caleb Williams (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1982), p. 254. 41 B. Lemire, ‘Peddling fashion: salesmen, pawnbrokers, taylors, thieves and the second-hand clothes

in The poor in England 1700–1850
Richard Suggett
Eryn White

Administration, Volume III: Visitation Articles and Injunctions, 1583–1603 Alcuin Club Collection, 27 (London: Alcuin Club, 1924), 140. F. Furet and J. Ozouf, Reading and Writing: Literacy in France from Calvin to Jules Ferry (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982); Keith Thomas, ‘The Meaning of Literacy in Early Modern England’, in G. Baumann (ed.), The Written Word (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986), 97–131, at p. 111. See Glanmor Williams, ‘Unity of Religion or Unity of Language? Protestants and Catholics and the Welsh Language 1536–1660’, in Jenkins (ed.), The Welsh

in The spoken word
Colonialism, Jewishness and politics in Bacon’s New Atlantis
Claire Jowitt

Early Modern England (Athens and London, University of Georgia Press, 1996). 10 See Edward Surtz and J. H. Hexter (eds), Utopia (New Haven, Yale University Press, 1965), pp. i–xxxii. 11 On Plato’s geography see J. A. Stewart, The Myths of Plato (London, Macmillan & Co, 1905), pp. 457–69. Price_07_Ch7 152 14/10/02, 9:45 am Colonialism, Jewishness and politics 153 12 On de Gomara’s text see William Brandon, New Worlds for Old: Reports from the New World and their Effect on the Development of Social Thought in Europe, 1500–1800 (Athens, Ohio, Ohio University Press

in Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis
Nicola McDonald

. 139); recipes for both yrchouns and appraylere are edited by Austin (Two Fifteenth-Century Cookery-Books, pp. 38, 39). Felicity Heal reminds us that for the guest, or outsider, the unfamiliar household was a ‘potentially hostile environment’; the guest’s ‘very security’ is dependent on the ‘belief that [the] host will obey the laws of hospitality: Hospitality in Early Modern England (Oxford 1990), p. 192. In an informative study of table manners that insists on the violence inherent in eating, Margaret Visser proposes that ‘[b]ehind every rule of table etiquette

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
Open Access (free)
Eric Pudney

, connotations. Michael Alssid points out that the play associates the heroines with the witches in various ways.11 The connection between Isabella and Theodosia and the witches is clearest when they disguise themselves ‘with Vizors like Witches’ in order to trick and scare away some of the foolish characters (v.120), but there are also subtler indications of this affinity. Isabella’s vicious verbal attacks on her hapless fiancé Sir Timothy are particularly witch-like, given the close association between scolding and witchcraft in early modern England. Isabella also threatens

in Scepticism and belief in English witchcraft drama, 1538–1681
S.J. Barnett

instance, R. H. Popkin and A. Vanderjagt, Scepticism and Irreligion in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (Leiden and New York: E. J. Brill, 1993); and R. H. Popkin, The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Spinoza (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979; 1st edn 1960). 60 On the public role of the figure of the atheist see, for instance, M. Hunter, ‘The Problem of Atheism in Early Modern England’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 35 (1985). 61 J. Gunnell, ‘The Myth of the Tradition’, in P. King (ed.), The History of Ideas (New Jersey: Croom

in The Enlightenment and religion
mid-Victorian stories and beliefs
Susan Hoyle

, 2000). Specifically on witchcraft narratives, see for example Marian Gibson, Reading Witchcraft: Stories of Early English Witches (London, 1999) and Malcolm Gaskill, Crime and Mentalities in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 2000). 3 To use Michael Shermer’s phrase Why People Believe Weird Things: Pseudoscience, Superstition, and Other Confusions

in Witchcraft Continued
Rachel E. Hile

: Spenser by the 1590s was already canonized as an author, with Shepheardes Calender and Faerie Queene also to be viewed as canonized texts, and these works were also central in terms of inspiring other English poets to create pastoral and epic poetry modeled on Spenser’s. But although satire as a genre lacked prestige in early modern England, “diuine Master Spencer” also published a number of satirical poems in the innocuous and medieval-sounding Complaints volume,2 and these, not famous but   2 The classic analysis of complaint versus satire is John Peter’s Complaint

in Spenserian satire
Open Access (free)
Towards a teleological model of nationalism
David Bruce MacDonald

tenet of this study is that Biblical history and teleology have contributed greatly to the development of many forms of ethnic national identity. Liah Greenfeld, in her study of nationalism, posited that the return to Old Testament narratives and myths of divine election was of central importance in the development of the first nationalism (which she locates in early modern England), and by extension to all subsequent national movements. Similarly, Michael Walzer has noted the importance of Biblical exodus history, and how it has shaped the ‘civic

in Balkan holocausts?
Charity and the economy of makeshifts in eighteenth-century Britain
Sarah Lloyd

account see The London Chronicle, 17–19 November 1763, p. 486. Joanna Innes, ‘“The mixed economy of welfare” in early modern England: assessments of the options from Hale to Malthus (c. 1683– 1803)’, in M. Daunton (ed.), Charity, Self-Interest and Welfare in the English Past (London, UCL Press, 1996), pp. 139–80 (pp. 147–9); Eden, State, I, p. 465. D. Andrew, ‘On reading charity sermons: eighteenth-century Anglican solicitation and exhortation’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 43 (1992), pp. 581–91. Public Advertiser, 2 May 1775. D. Andrew, ‘“To the charitable and

in The poor in England 1700–1850