Open Access (free)
Care and debility in collaborations between non-disabled and learning disabled theatre makers
Dave Calvert

in the UK in the 1970s led to the Thatcher government’s policy of community care, as set out in the Mental Health Act of 1983 and refined in the NHS and Community Care Act 1990. Academic attention in America has also been preoccupied with care, as Patrick McDonagh suggests: ‘For years, the only available histories of idiocy and related concepts were works such as Leo Kanner’s A History of the Care and Study of the Mentally Retarded […] and Peter Tyor and Leland Bell’s Caring for the Retarded in America ’ ( 2008 : 10). This centrality of care reflects the

in Performing care
Open Access (free)
Melissa Dickson, Emilie Taylor-Brown, and Sally Shuttleworth

literary histories in present practice, in order to re-contextualise the problems of modernity. 34 Taking our cue from Richardson's work, we thus address anxieties about physical debility, hygiene and sanitation, nervous illness and exhaustion, psychology and mental health, and commodity culture. Each of the following chapters represents a specific avenue of concern as it was expressed and explored by nineteenth-century commentators, and each case study shows how medicine, broadly and culturally conceived, is intricately

in Progress and pathology
Mikko Myllykangas

especially the renowned Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol (1772–1840) used the connection between suicide and madness to bolster their professional claims on the domain of mental health. Traditionally, the provision of ‘spiritual counselling’ (as a form of psychotherapy), as well as broader care for the mentally ill, had been the duty of the religious establishment. 12 The emerging psychiatric profession, through their contributions to medical and social debates, played an essential part in the formation of the modern

in Progress and pathology
Open Access (free)
Young Palestinian men encountering a Swedish introductory programme for refugees
Nina Gren

absence. In his own words, his encounter with this first caseworker was a total collision with Swedish bureaucracy. He felt that she cared about his mental health but at the same time she neither understood what he was going through nor shared his priorities. Her caring for his health stayed within the confines of medicalised understandings that did not necessarily extend to seeing the need for Rashid to pursue activities that are meaningful to him but may contradict the action plan. Rashid explains this lack of understanding in ethnic terms: this caseworker is an

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
Open Access (free)
Sara Haslam

speaking, especially if from different time zones abroad?).22 Modernist writers employed it to make some of these challenges. Men and women could be close together, at night, through sound if not through sight and touch. In A Call this version of the challenge proves disastrous for the mental health of at least one protagonist.23 In A Call, as Etta and Leicester hover together, he certainly unsure as to what happens next, the telephone rings. In the confusing darkness Etta tells him to answer it, pretending to be a footman. She has begun to walk upstairs. Grimshaw is on

in Fragmenting modernism
Open Access (free)
Sara Haslam

couldn’t talk, and he dropped into his bed faintly aware of his friend’s efforts to loosen his clothes. He had, he knew, carried the suppression of thought in his conscious mind so far that his unconscious self had taken command and had, for the time, paralysed both his body and his mind. (pp. 79–80) 52 Fragmenting modernism This is the description of a nervous breakdown. W. H. R. Rivers wrote in 1920 that ‘mental health depends on the presence of a state of equilibrium between instinctive tendencies and the forces by which they are controlled’,29 and in the

in Fragmenting modernism
The Third Way and the case of the Private Finance Initiative
Eric Shaw

to make savings by off-loading responsibilities to other agencies. The effect has been to displace costs on to the local health economy, reducing the amount left to finance other aspects of healthcare such as mental health, community services and primary care – despite the fact that current Government policy is to encourage the integration of all aspects of health. 41 As Boyle and

in The Third Way and beyond
Neil McNaughton

; urban planning and regeneration; rural affairs; economic development; some indirect taxation. • Local. Education; personal social services; local planning; local transport; local environment; crime prevention and detection; provision for the aged; mental health provision; local taxation. There are two striking features of such a scheme. The first is that a large number of key functions are shown at supranational level. This may appear alarming to defenders of national interests. However, it should be pointed out these are issues which do not impact on the everyday

in Understanding British and European political issues
Open Access (free)
Birgit Lang, Joy Damousi, and Alison Lewis

writers such as Gustave Flaubert plumbed this topic for a voracious readership.30 In German-speaking Central Europe the mere perusal of Krafft-Ebing’s medical case study compilation Psychopathia Sexualis was feared to have ‘psychopathic effects’ on some readers. This is at least in part attributable to the belief of medical elites that masturbation had a detrimental influence on the mental health of individuals. Thus it is hardly surprising that Krafft-Ebing originally hesitated to include references to literary works in his oeuvre. Between 1886 and 1890 he discussed

in A history of the case study
Open Access (free)
Balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts
Chris Millard

, Rose and Singh argue that: ‘We are committed to the view that there is no role for sociology as an add-on, or a “service” discipline here. Precisely the opposite: the history that we have explored teaches us that it is precisely a sociological form of attention that can help to thicken and enliven the connections that clinicians, epidemiologists, and neurologists are tracking between mental health and the metropolis.’  66 There is a significant slippage between not being an add-on, and then being precisely that: what

in Balancing the self