The representation of violence in Northern Irish art
Shane Alcobia-Murphy

, ‘The Idea of Violence’, in Andrew Millwood Hargrave (ed.), Violence in Factual Television: Annual Review (London: John Libbey, 1993), p. 125. 32 Lewis R. Gordon, ‘A Questioning Body of Laughter and Tears’, Parallax 8/2 (2002), pp. 10–29: p. 16. 33 Eve Patten, ‘Fiction in Conflict: Northern Ireland’s Prodigal Novelists’, in Ian A Bell (ed.), Peripheral Visions: Images of Nationhood in Contemporary British Fiction (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1995), pp. 128– 48, p. 128. 34 See Shane Alcobia-Murphy, Sympathetic Ink: Intertextual Relations in Northern Irish

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
Petitions, politics, and the African Christian converts of the nineteenth century
Hlonipha Mokoena

represented at the conference, for we must be united on political matters. In fighting for national rights, we must fight together. Although they look as if they belong to various churches, the White people are solidly united when it comes to matters of this nature. We Blacks think that these churches are hostile to one another, and in that way we lose our political rights. 27 Also, unlike with the early ‘Hottentot nationalism’, the question of nationality and nationhood became hotly contested since many of these African converts were members of diverse ‘ethnic

in Worlding the south
Literary appreciation, comparatism, and universalism in the Straits Chinese Magazine
Porscha Fermanis

understand the Straits Chinese Magazine as an attempt to think and agitate pluricentrically for ‘contending political futures’ rather than as crudely nationalist or anti-nationalist or as a minor episode in an inevitable teleology towards future or emergent nationhoods. 86 The plural forms of cultural nationalism in the Straits Chinese Magazine point to the importance of English-language periodical culture in the emergence of Southeast Asian nationalisms and to the extent to which ethnic nationalisms could emerge from apparently loyalist periodicals. If by 1907 the

in Worlding the south
German reception of French subsidies in the Thirty Years’ War
Tryntje Helfferich

Construction of Nationhood. Ethnicity, Religion, and Nationalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997); Georg Schmidt, ‘Die frühneuzeitliche Idee “deutsche Nation”: Mehrkonfessionalität und säkulare Werte’, in Nation und Religion in der Deutschen Geschichte, ed. by Heinz-Gerhard Haupt und Dieter Langewiesche (Frankfurt and New York: Campus, 2001), pp. 33–67. 54 William Jervis Jones, Images of Language: Six Essays on German Attitudes to European languages from 1500 to 1800 (Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing, 1999), pp. 96, 103–104. 55 Ibid., pp. 104–105. 56 HSAM

in Subsidies, diplomacy, and state formation in Europe, 1494–1789
Open Access (free)
A European fin de siècle
Sergei Medvedev

South-Eastern Europe. The conflict over Kosovo demonstrated that the east had not yet completed the tasks of modernity, that is, forming nation states, and defining borders. In the age of globalisation and European integration, it has turned out that pockets of violent modern nationhood still exist. Indeed, the Balkans are often interpreted as the reserve of the archaic, reminding one of Jean Baudrillard

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Robert Fine
Philip Spencer

struggles in Israel-Palestine, which have found expression in documents like the Hamas Covenant and Hezbollah Manifesto (which appear to provide no place for Jewish nationhood in ‘Muslim’ lands and scarcely more space for individual Jews). In place of comparison, a method of choice is to contrast the existing state of Israel to an abstract idea of what the state ought to be and then decree that it falls short. According to this rhetoric, the state ought to be

in Antisemitism and the left
Public presence, discourse, and migrants as threat
Giannis Gkolfinopoulos

, for academic work documenting the foundational character of Greek (Christian) Orthodoxy in contemporary understandings of nationhood see, George Th. Mavrogordatos ( 2003 ) and Elpida Vogli ( 2007 ). 21 Mihalis Nivolianitis, ‘Landing of Illegal Migrants in the Law School’, Ethnos , 25 January 2011

in Security/ Mobility
Hannah Jones
Yasmin Gunaratnam
Gargi Bhattacharyya
William Davies
Sukhwant Dhaliwal
Emma Jackson
, and
Roiyah Saltus

physically present but experienced via social media and the news. Unlike in Scotland, debate on devolution was not particularly heightened and so the campaign did not feed into discussions of nationhood in the same way. History matters: reaction and resistance Within these national debates, other more local forms of belonging are drawn upon in terms of resistance and mobilisation against anti-immigration campaigns. This was

in Go home?
Racism, immigration and the state
Steve Loyal

economy. The increase in work permits has been one method for reducing wage pressure and so clearly benefits business. However, this narrow economic concern has always been mediated by a restricted notion of Irish nationhood, in which the Irish government expects non-EEA workers to return (voluntarily or otherwise) to their country of origin once their labour is no longer needed. Such a standpoint echoes the restrictive policy of other European nation states and effectively denies the reality of long-term trends in immigration. Despite the differences between those

in The end of Irish history?
Susan Manning

’experience of the novels, his version of chivalric romance embodies a very real relationship between Scott and the Civil War as elements unassimilable in the redaction of an American post-Romantic ideology of nationhood – an embodiment that itself exemplifies a wider problem of the failure of idealism, the loss of ‘purity’, for nineteenth-century American writers.57 22 Susan Manning Notes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Walter Scott, Ivanhoe [1820], ed. Graham Tulloch, The Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley novels, Vol. 8, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press

in Special relationships