Open Access (free)
Kirsti Bohata, Alexandra Jones, Mike Mantin, and Steven Thompson

, however, Eaves’ case is rather mundane. These kinds of accidents and injuries were daily occurrences in the British coal industry, while the contestation of compensation cases in the courts was similarly an everyday reality in mining communities. The everyday and mundane nature of the case, however, is precisely the point, and it illustrates many of the major themes of this study of disability in industrial Britain. In the first place, Eaves’ case highlights the centrality of the compensation system to the understandings and experiences of disability in coalfield

in Disability in industrial Britain
Open Access (free)
Susan M. Johns

’s power. The analytical framework upon which the book is constructed draws on recent theoretical developments in the history of women and power and utilises traditional scholarly approaches to the study of the twelfth century. In so doing it re-defines the nature of twelfth-century lordship. The debate on the roles of medieval women has moved a long way from seeing them as victims of male dominance, and the ideology of separate spheres has been superseded by recent theoretical insights which consider the importance of gender and the impact of the female life cycle on

in Noblewomen, aristocracy and power in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm
Open Access (free)
Notes on the art of the contemporary
Andrew Benjamin

12 Andrew Benjamin Including transformation: notes on the art of the contemporary Central to any understanding of contemporary art and therefore central to any engagement with a contemporary politics of art is the question of the nature of the contemporary.1 Even before definitions of art and politics are offered it is the contemporary that emerges as the more insistent problem. While any attempt to pursue the contemporary in a detailed manner must become, in the end, an engagement within the philosophico-political problem of modernity, here, in this context, a

in The new aestheticism
Scale of demand and the role of competences
Suma S. Athreye

whose markets for software were linguistically fragmented. This slow growth of software demand delayed a full-fledged arm’slength market in package software from emerging in the UK despite considerable national strengths in computing and related sciences. When a market started to emerge for traded software in the 1980s, niche market strategies, driven by heterogeneous demand, had an important impact both on the evolution of firm competences and on the nature of competition and competitive advantage in the UK software sector. While outsourcing of software has been an

in Market relations and the competitive process
Christine E. Hallett

and army her background was. In this sense she was the perfect military nurse. Her character, whilst far from simple, was astonishingly pure and unsullied for someone who had clearly encountered some of the worst horrors of the First World War. Kate Luard worked as ‘Lady Matron’ of Bradfield College for several years before being forced to retire by a back problem, the nature of which is unknown, though it is difficult to avoid speculation on its possible origins in her onerous and heavy nursing work. In old age, she lived with two sisters in Wickham Bishops, Essex

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Open Access (free)
John Narayan

seemingly become lost in the hubris of democratic realism. In the journey to reconstruct and redefine the concept of democracy, Dewey initially returns to another, if not the most, perennial question of political philosophy: What is the origin and nature of the state? In reference to what he believed were prior flawed theories of the state, from the works of Aristotle through to and beyond Hegel, Dewey cautions his readers that the ‘moment we utter the words “The State” a score of intellectual ghosts rise to obscure our vision’ (LW2: 240). This obfuscation, Dewey

in John Dewey
Open Access (free)
Tony Fitzpatrick

ancestors. We can harm the future, but the future cannot harm us. It is at this point that the critics of intergenerational justice step in and say something like the following. Justice implies reciprocity and reciprocity is, of its very nature, a two-way process: if the future cannot harm us then we cannot harm it. Can this objection be met? I believe so. The essential question concerns who is being harmed. I have already argued that we harm the future if we do not bequeath to them an environment that is consistent with levels of autonomy that we ourselves would accept

in After the new social democracy
Open Access (free)
The use of character evidence in Victorian sodomy trials
H. G. Cocks

. In fact the principal evidence comprised the competing testimonies of the police and a few conveniently myopic bystanders. Neither were Campbell’s intentions judged by the nature of his attire. Effeminacy, which might have been inferred from his dress, was not considered an inevitable sign of homosexual desire.4 In fact, Campbell’s explanation of his clothing as a form of disguise was accepted without murmur by the court. In the absence of a clear description of the defendant’s actions or a recognised interpretation of his general demeanour, evidence of the

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Andrew Bowie

different forms of articulation which did not require a wholesale split between verbal language and music; it also elucidated important differences between the way each can come to be employed and can affect its recipient. From this perspective the – hyperbolic – alternative of regarding music as ‘higher’ than verbal language for metaphysical reasons makes sense in relation to a specific historical situation, namely one in which the universalising nature of verbal language is felt to be inadequate to the individual experience of the modern subject. In this view the practice

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Fichte, Hölderlin and Novalis
Andrew Bowie

3 Reflections on the subject: Fichte, Hölderlin and Novalis Self and Other One of the most striking examples of the new concern with the nature of subjectivity in the eighteenth century is Rousseau’s ‘Scène lyrique’, Pygmalion, in which the sculptor’s creation, Galathée, comes to life and touches her creator, saying ‘It’s me.’ Moving away, she touches a marble sculpture and says ‘It’s no longer me. . .’ Finally, touching Pygmalion again, she sighs: ‘Ah! Me once again . . .’, and he exclaims: ‘it is you, you alone, I give you all my being; I shall no longer live

in Aesthetics and subjectivity