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Open Access (free)
Fetters of an American farmgirl
R.J. Ellis

labour upon his land but rather rides or rambles over it, recurrently in a supervisory capacity (SW, pp. 389, 552, 556). This is, of course, a matter of political economy; Jefferson both celebrates self-sufficiency yet also acknowledges that he is able to enjoy his civilised life through entering the field of commerce. As Charles A. Miller comments: ‘Jefferson wanted it both ways’ in that ‘If American farmers took seriously the doctrines of independence and self-sufficiency, they would not produce for commerce at all’.44 In the same way the dignity of self-sufficient labour

in Special relationships
The politics of value and valuation in South Africa’s urban waste sector
Henrik Ernstson, Mary Lawhon, Anesu Makina, Nate Millington, Kathleen Stokes, and Erik Swyngedouw

analyses in order to develop understandings of the links between policy, technology, poverty, power and waste itself, particularly in light of the changing political economy of waste internationally, regionally and nationally and associated political and technological interventions. This is to say, we argue that the possibilities for making a decent livelihood from waste are shaped by factors as diverse as global carbon finance, the roll-out of kerbside collection of recyclables and the amount of food a household is willing to throw away. As a study of urban political

in African cities and collaborative futures
Open Access (free)
George Campbell Gosling

. 185–6. 6 Ibid. , p. 193. 7 Martin Gorsky, ‘The Political Economy of Health Care in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries’ in Mark Jackson (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine (Oxford: Oxford

in Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48
Open Access (free)
Roger Southall

industrialized and modernized. Developing institutions like the civil service and military that could contain the urban masses would also help, for rising expectations were reckoned to constitute a serious threat to the political stability upon which industrialization and modernization (and hence democratization) ultimately depended (Huntington 1968). However, in contrast to such conservative responses, the second major response to the rising tide of authoritarianism was a reaction against modernization theory and an embrace of radical or Marxist political economy. Part of the

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Anne McClintock and H. Rider Haggard
Laura Chrisman

capitalism penetrated the region and disrupted already contested power relations within the homestead. (p. 233) She regards King Solomon’s Mines as deriving from Haggard’s 1870s sojourn as a colonial administrator in Natal. The novel, accordingly, chapter2 21/12/04 11:09 am Page 40 40 Imperialism reflects Natal’s operations against the self-determining Zulu kingdom. Crucial to this non-capitalist Zulu political economy was the productive labour of its women, organised through polygyny. Recognising this, colonialists targeted polygyny and imposed taxes that forced

in Postcolonial contraventions
Open Access (free)
Pacifism and feminism in Victorian Britain
Heloise Brown

applied in practice to Liberal foreign policy. However, Cobden’s legacy of the argument for a fundamental connection between free trade and peace between nations strengthened the peace movement and provided it with the political and economic ideas that were necessary to reach a wider audience. John Stuart Mill’s Principles of Political Economy expanded upon Cobden’s thinking with regard to free trade, although Mill’s particular version of liberalism was not, of itself, wholly compatible with these ideas. His commitment to laissez-faire economics was based upon a

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Sabine Clarke

imports in an effort to support local business. With its rejection of tariffs and the provision of tax holidays and duty-free imports, the legislation of Shenfield and Gomes was in keeping with the recommendations of the Colonial Office. The Trinidad ordinances were underpinned by an attachment to a more liberal political economy than the more far-reaching and state-directed strategies advocated by Lewis or the Caribbean Commission. One account of the emergence of the Pioneer Industries Legislation in Trinidad claims that Gomes acknowledged in his

in Science at the end of empire
Open Access (free)
A cognitive perspective
Gilles Allaire

suggested by Goodman (2002: 272): ‘organic production, other alternative agrofood networks, quality assurance schemes and territorial strategies to valorise local food product’. However according to Goodman, consumption has been under-theorised in the research devoted to the political economy of agrofood, and this has led him to call for an integrative approach to production and consumption. To integrate the consumption point of view in innovation studies regarding food chains is still a challenge for both sociologists and economists. One may observe that food markets and

in Qualities of food
Order and security in post-Cold War Europe
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis, and Kostas Ifantis

. This policy framework is based on the conviction that America’s prosperity depends on the preservation of an interdependent global political economy, and that the precondition for economic interdependence is the geopolitical stability and reassurance that flows from US security commitments. Policies of renationalisation would destroy this reassurance and stability upon which US interests are presumed to rest. The assumption is that, if Washington cannot or will not solve others’ problems for them, the world order strategy will collapse. Compelled to provide for their

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Germany, Sweden and Australia compared
Ashley Lavelle

Way/Die Neue Mitte, a joint declaration by Tony Blair and Gerhard Schröder, 8 June. Botton, G. (1970) ‘Australia since 1939’, in I. Griffin (ed.), Essays in Economic History of Australia (Milton: Jacaranda Press). Bowers, P. (1975) ‘Labor close ranks for an early election’, Sydney Morning Herald, 7 February. Brenner, R. (2002) The Boom and the Bubble: the US in the World Economy (London and New York: Verso). Brezniak, M. and Collins, J. (1977) ‘The Australian crisis from boom to bust’, Journal of Australian Political Economy, 1, October. Brown, G. (2003) Speech by

in In search of social democracy