Open Access (free)
Jeremy Gould

best agree upon means to address pressing problems.1 One source of the aloofness with which anthropologists observe the rhetoric of democratization is the left-leaning liberal political sensibility endemic to the anthropological community. The core of this sensibility gelled in the radical ferment of the 1960s, when various versions of ‘radical’ and ‘Marxist’ anthropology gained academic currency. Anthropologists publicly voiced scepticism about (and overt opposition to) all aspects of Western dealings with the Third World committed in the name of democracy. Noted

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Universalism and the Jewish question
Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

progress has always been distant and difficult and faith in progress has not become any easier. Signs of barbarism were acutely visible in the 1990s in the mass murder of Muslims in Bosnia and Kosovo and the simultaneous genocide in Rwanda, and more indirectly indicated by the silence, if not effective collusion, with which these catastrophes were largely met in the ‘international community’. In addition, the scepticism with which many leftist groups and

in Antisemitism and the left
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

with scepticism. The Black Papers blamed left-wing ideas and so-called ‘progressive’ teaching methods which had taken root in the new comprehensives for declining standards. But they were seen as reactionary documents, out of touch with modern thinking. Yet these concerns would not go away. A report for the Conservatives, known as the ‘Yellow Book’ appeared in 1976. It reiterated many of the concerns of the Black Papers. The Yellow Book proposed a return to traditional methods of teaching and a return to increased discipline in schools. The Conservative party

in Understanding British and European political issues
Open Access (free)
La gauche de la gauche
Jim Wolfreys

factors, in a context of rising inequalities and scepticism about the Socialists’ commitment to reform, help to explain what has given rise to the emergence of the autonomous groups and associations which make up the ‘social movement’, to which we now turn. The ‘social movement’ The literature on social movements generally stresses their emergence in two waves, the post-1968 liberation movements (gays, women, immigrant workers, ecologists) and the post-1981 movements typified by SOS Racisme. New social movements in general, the argument runs, are linked to the decline

in The French party system
Open Access (free)
Louise Amoore

6 Introduction T he mood is shifting in the contemporary globalisation debate. Only a few years ago, talk of the contested and politicised nature of globalisation would have met with scepticism from those who emphasise the sheer economic power of globalising forces. The orthodox popular and academic representations of globalisation have for several decades sustained the image of a powerful economic and technological bulldozer that effortlessly shovels up states and societies. The very discourse of the ‘competition state’ (Cerny, 1990) effectively sanitised

in Globalisation contested
Open Access (free)
Consultation and conditions
Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

of leadership and comparisons with extinct volcanoes. There could be considerable temptation to turn cynic, or take the train for London at every opportunity, or retreat into the congenial pursuit of one’s own subject and let departmental administration go hang. But some professors did possess the political skills, patience, and personal qualities which enabled them to maintain a sense of direction. Official appreciations of departing professors must clearly be treated with scepticism. ‘Everything he touches crumbles to dust’, said a senior lecturer, ensconced in

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
Open Access (free)
Laura Chrisman

our own praxis.15 And another kind of political rehabilitation issues from Robin Kelley in his discussion of black diasporic identity-formations: Too frequently we think of identities as cultural matters, when in fact some of the most dynamic (transnational) identities are created in the realm of politics, in the way people of African descent sought alliances and political identifications across oceans and national boundaries.16 The roots of much postcolonial delegitimation of the political lie in an absolute opposition to the state, and a corollary scepticism

in Postcolonial contraventions
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Their basis and limits
Catriona McKinnon

are plausibly authoritative in conditions of pluralism, we are entitled to some scepticism here. A different approach for the IB theorist is to claim that imperfect social obligations are derived from interests, but that these interests are not important enough to hold others to be under duties to help/not hinder their pursuit, and so do not correlate with rights. Here, duties of justice and imperfect social obligations share

in Political concepts
Philip Lynch

yet to address fully questions about the nature of Britishness, particularly the relationship between English and British identities, and the appropriate balance between cultural diversity and shared values. Secondly, the party found that its discourse of identity and patriotism lost some its potency as New Labour became more adept at employing the language of nationhood itself. Finally, the Conservatives need to consider the lessons of the failure of Hague’s brand of patriotic politics. A populist Tory nationalist strategy built around Euro-scepticism, defence of

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

of superstition, a dislike of irrational thought, and a scepticism about all religious, moral and scientific thinking. Concurrent with this intellectual movement there has been the continuing presence of atavistic and irrational beliefs, destructive, fatalistic and always waiting, patiently, for the tiring rigours of rationality and experimentation, assessment and rejection of failure to overwhelm their supporters. Out of

in Understanding political ideas and movements