Open Access (free)
Jonathan Seglow

diversity and the multicultural policies adopted by Australia and Canada in the 1970s, to name just three examples. In the 1980s communitarian writers embraced the culture-friendly virtues of solidarity, togetherness and belonging, but ironically, while community was prized as homely and familiar, it was never spelt out which communities – cultural or otherwise – were being invoked. Only in the early 1990s did the liberal

in Political concepts
Open Access (free)
Christine E. Hallett

was still offered by religious orders, and most nurses received no formal training.87 The French Flag Nursing Corps appears to have been a success, although much of what we 14 Introduction know of it is reported through the pages of that somewhat partial organ of nursing professionalization, the BJN. The Corps was brought under the auspices of the British Committee of the French Red Cross in March 1917.88 The development of the nursing professions in self-governing British dominions such as Australia, New Zealand, and Canada had been heavily influenced by that of

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Jane Brooks

31 Negotiating nursing her ward is no more detailed, ‘we feed, tuck them up for the night, not half of them get washed, some are very ill’.49 Sister Jessie Wilson is equally brief in her narrative of the care given to Greek soldiers as they arrived from fighting in Albania. Moreover, she has a chaperone: ‘Mac, the Australian orderly and I got them into bed, bathed and fed them.’50 Yet this momentary description of bodily care is stark against the graphic description of one particular patient’s head wound. Arguably, it is the nature of body care and not the

in Negotiating nursing
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

Kurds of northern Iraq (1991), Somalia (1992), Bosnia (1992–95), the intervention of the Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS) in Liberia (1990–96), the US-led intervention in Haiti (1994), French-led forces in Rwanda (1994), NATO’s intervention in Serbia and Kosovo (1999) and the Australian-led intervention in East Timor (1999). In Rwanda effective French intervention came very late, following three months of genocidal massacre by the Hutus of

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Open Access (free)
The United States in the Asia and Indo-Pacifics
Inderjeet Parmar

particular, requires serious analysis, especially given the importance of such narratives among policy makers, both historically and today. 17 The book then moves to study the United States’ relations with numerous selected countries: China (Gries), India (Colley and Ganguly, Chapter 3 ), Japan (Dian, Chapter 4 ), North/South Korea (Cumings, Chapter 5 ), and Australia (Kelton and Rogers, Chapter 6 ); the regional institutions of ASEAN (Parameswaran, Chapter 7 ) and the East Asia Summit (Cook, Chapter 8 ); in its regional political/diplomatic, security, and economic

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Katie Pickles

15 January 1900, where the mayor read Clark Murray’s telegram: ‘Will the women of Fredericton unite with the women of Montreal in federating as “Daughters of the Empire” and inviting the women of Australia and New Zealand to unite with them in sending to the Queen an expression of our devotion to the Empire and an emergency war fund to be expended as Her Majesty shall deem fit?’ 11 As well as

in Female imperialism and national identity
Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Shirin M. Rai

for women ‘transform gender equality activists into technocrats/bureaucrats first and foremost, or is it that they have tended to attract technocratic feminists?’ (Tsikata, 1999:17), in other contexts, such as Australia and Canada, feminists insisted that they needed to engage with the state bureaucracy to influence policy making within 22 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORKS state bodies in the interests of women outside. As Marian Sawer explains in chapter 12 of this volume, an ‘important aspect of the Australian model of women’s policy machinery was that it was originally

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Open Access (free)
Conceptual links to institutional machineries
Kathleen Staudt

Australia, Canada and New Zealand, ‘bilingualism’ is required in both the dominant and gender discourses, coupled with connections to outside constituencies, which themselves understand the institutional structures, pressure points in budget cycles and procedural issues (Sawer, 1996:23). Typically, small groups of officials deal with budget policy. Those in dialogue need to be a broader group than the few who generally meet ‘behind closed doors’. This group would include spending ministries, women’s and other groups in the general public, and researchers and policy

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Oliver Turner

interactions with US power and influence experienced by China, the Philippines and Australia, to name just three – including at various points throughout their own histories – make single, uniform designations such as empire or hegemony analytically problematic. With its devastating defeat and occupation by the United States in 1945 and the subsequent rewriting of its constitution by American officials, for example, Japan has been more exposed to violently imperialistic dimensions of American military and political power than almost anywhere else. Yet Japan formally retained

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Open Access (free)
Edward M. Spiers

appreciative of the services of colonial auxiliaries, not only locally raised bodies such as the Imperial Light Horse and Major M. F. Rimington’s Guides, but contingents from Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Apart from reservations about the discipline of some colonial units, officers frequently lauded their skills. As Corporal Jewell (New Zealand Mounted Rifles) informed his sister in Cheltenham: ‘General

in The Victorian soldier in Africa