are in vain. Apo was born within the borders of the Turkish Republic, he is from Urfa. Arafat was born in Cairo, not in Palestine. His father was of Palestinian origin but lived in the rich quarter of Heliopolis in Cairo. He had sold all his land in Palestine to achieve his ambitions in Egypt. Yassir Arafat has always blamed his father for not leaving him a piece of land in Palestine, but to the outside world he acts as if his father’s land has been occupied by Israel. Abdullah Ocalan never had a problem such as not having land, occupation and exile

in Turkey: facing a new millennium

other American States ranged against it’. 5 The subsequent 1903 treaty with Cuba provided the US with a right to intervene ostensibly for the good of Cuba (see below); Theodore Roosevelt’s ‘corollary’ to the Monroe Doctrine of 1904 said that ‘chronic wrongdoing’ in Latin American states could lead to intervention; and the Wilson Doctrine (1913) led to US interventions in Mexico (1914), Haiti (1915) and the Dominican Republic (1916). Such

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
The parliamentary arena

participate in the forming of the political will of the people. They may be freely established. Their internal organisation must conform to democratic principles. They must publicly account for the sources and use of their funds and for their assets. 2 Parties which, by reason of their aims or the behaviour of their adherents, seek to impair or abolish the free democratic basic order or to endanger the existence of the Federal Republic of Germany, shall be unconstitutional. The Federal Constitutional Court shall decide on the question of

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
Open Access (free)
Postcolonial women writers in a transnational frame

:john:Public:John's Mac: John's Job Stories of women Before commenting in more detail on their significant continuation of the national within the transnational, I will first look more closely at questions of self-representation, location in space and interrelationship as interpreted by these two writers. I will comment on Vera’s second and fifth novels, Without a Name (1994) and The Stone Virgins, prominent in her oeuvre for their vivid spatialisation of women’s experience. By contrast, her first novel Nehanda (1993) offers a mythopoeic (and explicitly unlocalised) rendition of the

in Stories of women
Open Access (free)

Frequencies as, for example, in ‘The Gap’, ‘The Woman’, and ‘Play’. Still, with Frequencies there occurs a subtle shift away from contemplations of the mythic creator-God towards the possibility of a more intimate or interior divinity. For example, in ‘Groping’, the fifth poem in the collection, Thomas is writing not of cosmic explorations of a vast God-space beyond but of a journey within the self, the exploration of divinity within an interior landscape: Moving away is only to the boundaries of the self. Better to stay here, I said, leaving the horizons clear. The best

in R. S. Thomas
Can commodification of labour be self-limiting?

recipients to 700 for the oldest 158 Making work more equal Table 8.1  Annual earnings by age of voucher recipients Age Number of recipients % Average annual earnings per recipient (€) <25 26–59 60–65 >65 431,613 849,968  57,483  53,842 31.0 61.0  4.1  3.9 554 660 762 700 Source: Ministero del Lavoro e delle Politiche Sociali (2016: 5). (Table 8.1), exhibiting the familiar concavity of most age-earnings profiles. If, moreover, we look at the distribution of average earnings across age groups the tail is thicker on the left-hand side. In 2015 more than three-fifths

in Making work more equal
A blessing or a curse for the employment of female university graduates?

labour market outcomes for women as has been found in the European context (e.g. Grimshaw and Rubery, 2015; Rubery, 2015). It has been observed that employers in China have been innovative in creating alternative forms of employment to overcome government regulation of particular types of non-standard forms of employment, for example using outsourcing to replace agency workers (e.g. Cooke and Brown, 2015). Fifthly, state institutions should play a greater advocacy role to promote gender equality and the sharing of household responsibilities between wife and husband

in Making work more equal

effort’ (Batsell, 2005 : 70). The government of Zambia also itself sought an increasing role across development sectors with the late President of the Republic Levy Mwanawasa ( 2004 ) stridently and somewhat provocatively pointing to the relative advantages of greater government responsibility for development: ‘Government can be called to account for funding. These NGOs just chew the money and carry on [with] business as usual: no-one asks them

in Localizing global sport for development
Core historical concepts reconsidered

supervisory boards and the appointment of a trade unionist as “labour director” in the management team’ (Hyman 2001: 117). These union rights gained under allied occupation were retained by the Adenauer Government after serious strike threats had been made by the German Trade Union Confederation. In exchange, trade union leader Hans Böckler, in direct talks with Adenauer, tacitly accepted the foreign and defence policy which was leading the Federal Republic into the Western bloc (Bontrup 2005: 134). Outside the mining and steel industries the 1952 Industrial Constitution

in In search of social democracy

states used aid to moderate the radicalism of the nationalist republics; subversion and media wars gave way to inter-state diplomacy (Dessouki 1982: 319–47). These developments seemed to lay the foundations for a new more state-centric version of Pan-Arab order organised around the Arab summit system. Summits had been initiated by Nasser in 1964 in an early acknowledgement that Egypt’s hegemony could no longer be imposed and that an Arab order had to be negotiated among sovereign states. Aiming not to promote Pan-Arab action but to contain Syria

in The international politics of the Middle East