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Army wives and domesticating the ‘native’
Neil Macmaster

retain the illusion of a humanistic and progressive agenda in which the conversion of Muslim women must appear to be carried out with their full and voluntary assent since coercion would betray the fundamental values to which the civilising mission laid claim. Evidence of this ambiguity, one that underlay all social welfare during the war, can be found in the confidential reports of Captain Schlumberger who organised a tour by Lucienne Salan through western Algeria in September 1958 to address rallies of both European and Muslim women to found or participate in MSF

in Burning the veil
Evolution of the normative basis
Eşref Aksu

parties were reluctant to entrust the chairmanship of the Supervisory and Monitoring Commission to the UN as an ‘impartial third party’. 61 The last dimension of authority, that is, enforcement of decisions, was not immune to change either, although UN coercion, especially its use of force, in intra-state peacekeeping remained a subject of controversy. The ‘humanitarian interventions’ in Haiti and

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
John J. Hurt

Parlement’s jurisdiction over the currency and argued that the edict would harm the French by costing them gold and silver in the reminting process and by subjecting them to inflation, the latter also damaging to the state. Orléans rejected all these points on the spot and the mints began to turn out the new coins, just as Mesmes had feared.7 On 20 June, in an extraordinary decree, a frustrated Parlement authorized oral and written remonstrances for the revocation of the May edict. Since the regent intended to dispose of this issue through remonstrances, this in itself

in Louis XIV and the parlements
Heloise Brown

Peckover House remains in Wisbech today, having been bequeathed to the National Trust when the last of the three nieces, Alexa, died in 1948. In addition, a large number of the surrounding buildings, including the Friends’ Meeting House, were financed by various members of the family.4 Priscilla Peckover’s inspiration to join the peace movement came, appropriately, in 1878, just a year before her youngest niece, Anna Jane, turned eighteen. At Quaker Meetings, the eighth query from the Book of Discipline, ‘Are you faithful in bearing your Christian testimony against all

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Yehonatan Alsheh

vary praxis of disciplinary power, since the creation of various practices and technologies of discipline led to the unavoidable discovery of the limits of coercion. But it also discovered a new frontier: the tuning and optimization of all that is capable of self-regulation (individual humans but also their social systems). Whether referring to various so-called ‘technologies of the self’, to the market or to populations, the mechanical conception of power (Newtonian mechanics) gives way to statistical phenomena, with their normal and abnormal patterns of

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Potentials of disorder in the Caucasus and Yugoslavia
Jan Koehler and Christoph Zürcher

ready way. Violence in Yugoslavia has been organised on a larger scale and, as inappropriate this may sound with regard to individual suffering, in all of these wars, has led to even worse atrocities than in the Caucasus. Comparing the Caucasus with Yugoslavia may help to find an answer to the question of why the Caucasus has so far avoided following the worst-case scenario. Two factors are apparent which help explain the different outcomes. The first factor pertains to the way the federal centres reacted to the secessionist ambitions of the subjects of the Federations

in Potentials of disorder
The Middlesex Election and the Townshend Duties Crisis
Peter D.G. Thomas

colonies making provision for civil government costs should be exempted from the Townshend taxation. Hillsborough invited the comments of George III, who rejected the proposal about the Massachusetts Council because ‘altering charters is at all times an odious measure’, and declared that obedience should be the criterion for relieving colonies from the taxation.27 All Hillsborough’s ideas were rejected by the cabinet, after objections from Camden, Conway, and Grafton.28 The ministry would not endorse coercion of America, but its failure to offer any concession other than

in George III
Mia-Marie Hammarlin

of journalists and has, to borrow an expression from Richards and Rees, a ‘talismanic force within journalism practice’ (Richards and Rees 2011:863). The opening words of the Swedish publicity regulations originate in this yardstick, with keywords such as relevance, independence, impartiality, objectivity, accuracy, factual accounting, and even-handedness – all necessary components of what one might term good journalism. Yet another related concept has of late gained a firm hold in Swedish journalism and is used in order to safeguard its autonomy and impartiality

in Exposed
Open Access (free)
Rodney Barker

. Whatever secret thoughts people may have which they communicate to no one, as social persons people exist in relation to other people, and what they do and what others see and hear is who they are. Identity is a visible, audible, and tangible social creation and cultivation, and is expressed in all the varied actions which people carry out and all the various contexts both which they create and cultivate for themselves and which they find created and cultivated already by others. Identity is a complex of circumstance and choice, of collectivity and individuality. This

in Cultivating political and public identity
Eşref Aksu

instability in Namibia and Angola. Neither the causes nor the possible effects of such instability were considered to be primarily intra-state in nature. Towards active UN involvement In June–August 1977 the United States presented a settlement plan, which provided for free elections open to all Namibian political parties and the presence of a UN special representative. South Africa

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change