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The parliamentary arena
Ami Pedahzur

debate back to the future of his party. Kahane did not spare the members of the Committee and, for the most part, candidly displayed for them the principles of his political doctrine. First, he declared that if elected to the Knesset, he would act quickly to pass a law the goal of which would be to deprive the Arabs of their Israeli citizenship and then embark upon the immediate expulsion of those who would resist giving up their citizenship, all of this in order to preserve the Jewish character of the State. 30 Second, with regard to the accusations made against his

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
Letter to M. Cavell about cinema (a remake)
Joshua Foa Dienstag

composer and patron of the theater. He had recently reconverted to Calvinism, however, and reclaimed his Genevan citizenship. Determined to oppose Voltaire’s suggestion that theater represented cultural and political progress, he wrote a public letter to his editor and friend. It was published in 1758 as Lettre à M. d’Alembert sur les spectacles ( Letter to M

in Cinema, democracy and perfectionism
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

considerable differences between what he called the ‘liberty of the ancients’ and the ‘liberty of the moderns’. The liberty of the ancients rested upon slavery and warfare, and was restricted to citizenship and taking part in the deliberations of the assembly. Constant claimed that this form of liberty did not guarantee the rights of the individual. Indeed, ancient liberty was essentially a form of privilege of the free man over the

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

‘distributional equality’ as they involve some degree of equalising wealth and power in society. The egalitarian principle, however, is relevant here and is quite straightforward. All citizens pay taxes to support health, educational and welfare systems provided by the state. All citizens, therefore, whatever their personal wealth, have an equal right to a range of benefits constituting a ‘citizenship package’. This package

in Understanding political ideas and movements
So, no change there then?
David Broughton

it could gain. The 2001 general election 213 Secondly, the party could adopt populist authoritarianism on cultural and citizenship issues such as the family, crime and asylum seekers. The danger here would be to divide the party once more on issues that are of limited issue saliency. Thirdly, social libertarianism could be adopted in order to move to the left on cultural and citizenship issues akin to the position of Michael Portillo in his 2001 leadership campaign. The Conservative Party would become more liberal but such policies would only appeal to

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Labour, the people and the ‘new political history’
Lawrence Black

) ‘Labour and the constitution’, in Tanner, D., Thane, P. and Tiratsoo, N. (eds) Labour’s First Century, Cambridge Thorpe, A. (1997) A History of the British Labour Party Tiratsoo, N. (1998) ‘New vistas: the Labour Party, citizenship and the built environment in the 1940s’, in Weight, R. and Beach, A. (eds) The Right to Belong: Citizenship and National Identity in Britain, 1930–60 Tiratsoo, N. (2000) ‘Labour and the electorate’, in Tanner, D., Thane, P. and Tiratsoo, N. (eds) Labour’s First Century, Cambridge Tressell, R. (1991) The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists Ward

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Shirin M. Rai

and demands of various groups of women. The interest in citizenship was also prompted by the shift in women’s movements, in the 1980s, from the earlier insistence upon direct MECHANISMS FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN 21 participation to a recognition of the importance of representative politics and the consequences of women’s exclusion from it (Lovenduski and Norris, 1993; McBride Stetson and Mazur, 1995; Rai, 2000). It is here that politics — public and private, practical and strategic — begins to formalize within the contours of the state. Second, in the 1970s

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Open Access (free)
In pursuit of influence and legitimacy
Finn Laursen

February 1986. But the Maastricht Treaty was first voted down by a narrow majority of 50.7 per cent on 2 June 1992. By the time it was accepted in a second referendum on 18 May 1993 by 56.7 per cent of the electorate, Denmark had secured four exemptions or reservations at the Edinburgh summit in December 1992.1 One of these dealt with EMU, where Denmark decided not to take part in the third phase. The three other reservations dealt with citizenship of the Union, JHA co-operation and defence policy. Denmark would not join the Western European Union (WEU) and would take

in Fifteen into one?
An introduction
Budd L. Hall

provide us with a strong indication of how ecologies of knowledge might function. The achievement of post-abyssal thinking will depend, according to de Sousa Santos, on the achievement of a radical co-presence of all knowledges with an understanding of the incompleteness of knowledge. A knowledge democracy movement? Building on de Sousa Santos’s radical recognition of ecologies of knowledge, we turn towards thinking about the use of knowledge in a strategic, organizational, intentional and active way. John Gaventa, a theoretician on power and citizenship, a pioneering

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Kevin Hickson

conception of liberty formulated by social liberals and social democrats, with the emphasis on possessing the ability to do things. The third social democratic principle rejected by Hayek was that of equality. Again, Plant and others sought to defend the idea of equality, as without it the conception of poverty was meaningless. Poverty had to be seen as a relative condition, as it only made sense to determine if someone was in poverty if they were living below the level of income that meant they were unable to exercise the accepted ideas of citizenship in a given society

in In search of social democracy