think critically about the Jewish question in
ways that most of his followers were unable to comprehend or sustain. 48
In the immediate aftermath of the Holocaust Ernest Mandel, who was
to become one of the most influential of postwar Trotskyists, acknowledged the
challenge posed by the Holocaust before equating the annihilation of the Jews to
the postwar expulsion of Germans from Poland and Czechoslovakia: ‘the death
trains have again begun moving but this
of the Aran Islands, County
Galway’, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 18,768–830.
Halfacree, Keith 2001a ‘Going “back-to-the-land” again: extending the scope of counterurbanisation’, Espace, Populations, Sociétés, 1, 161–70.
——2001b ‘Constructing the object: taxonomic practices, “counterurbanisation” and
positioning marginal rural settlement’, International Journal of Population Geography, 7,
Hall, Spencer T. 1850 Life and Death in Ireland in 1849 (Manchester: J. T. Parkes).
Kaul, Adam 2004 ‘The anthropologist as barman and tour-guide: reflections
Iain Lindsey, Tess Kay, Ruth Jeanes and Davies Banda
of family is of the ‘extended family’, including aunts, uncles,
cousins and grandparents (Gough, 2008 ). Extended families were traditionally the
central supportive social structure in Zambian life. However, the dual and
combined influences of economic conditions and the HIV/AIDS pandemic have
contributed to extended family structures breaking down, especially in urban
areas such as Lusaka (Gough, 2008 ). Largely as a consequence of deaths associated with AIDS
. His motley brigade saw no military
action but his mere presence ‘electrified’ the Greeks 75 and acted as a ‘talisman’ 76 internationally. Byron, while in
Messolonghi, displayed practical spirit and assisted the Greek cause both
financially and organizationally. The Byron magic was to reach its apogee a hundred
days later when he ‘died immortally’ 77 from illness (19 April 1824). His death assured
the Greek cause thereafter of constant European concern, which was much needed in view
pain of England’s assistant team manager Ken
Barrington, who died of a heart attack in 1981 at 50 years of age.
Success in cricket and even the death of a white English sporting figure
were a means for black Caribbean men, including those already living in
the diaspora, to feel proud and united since they were forced to carve
out an alternative path to hegemonic success, given the strictures
population by control of inherited qualities’ and goes on
to argue that, ‘In those rare cases where impairment causes inevitable neonatal death or permanent lack of awareness, it might be more appropriate to screen out such conditions prenatally. Absolutist positions – abort
all impaired foetuses, or ban all termination on the basis of impairment –
are equally unhelpful to women and men making very difficult decisions
about reproductive choices’ (Shakespeare, 1998: 670). This is certainly true
and seems to invite policies based upon ‘weak eugenics’ as opposed to
research was undertaken into the effects of altitude in
the lead-up to the Games (Kasperowski, 2009).
There were several reasons for the interest in the
effects of altitude. First, there were concerns over the health of the
athletes in competing at altitude, with some citing risks of black-outs
and even death. Second, there was a concern with inequality
(Kasperowski, 2009). Standardised rules exist in sport in order to
ensure fairness. While ‘natural’ inequalities such as
differences in physiological and
taekwondo referees do view the use of a
video replay system to be useful during a ‘sudden death’
match. An example the referees described to illustrate this was when
both fighters score a kick at what appears to be the same time (Leveaux,
2010 ). This scenario resembles the swimming
example discussed earlier, where technology is useful for determining
what the human eye has difficulty seeing. In the taekwondo example a
video replay would allow pausing of a video reply at the exact point of
the kick, making it
Community, language and culture under the Celtic Tiger
. Ó hAodha (eds), Third International Conference on Minority Languages:
Celtic Papers (Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 1987), p. 130.
É. Ó Ciosáin, Buried Alive: A Reply to ‘The Death of the Irish Language’
(Baile Átha Cliath: Dáil Uí Chadhain, 1991), p. 7.
Akutagawa, ‘A linguistic minority under the protection of its own ethnic
state’, p. 141.
É. Ó Ciosáin, An t-Éireannach 1934–1937: Páipéar Sóisialach Gaeltachta
(Baile Átha Cliath: An Clóchomhar, 1993).
M. Ó Conghaile (ed.), Gaeltacht Rath Cairn: Léachtaí Comórtha (Indreabhán:
Cló Iar-Chonnachta, 1986).
Experts began to pronounce the death of the Celtic Tiger, as suddenly as
they had discovered its birth some seven years before.
In the light of this downturn, perhaps we can now step back and
assess what this period of growth was all about, and specify how the
southern Irish economy and society have changed, particularly from a
macroeconomic perspective. Such a broad look at the experience of the
1990s, I believe, shows that the correlation most economists make between
macroeconomic stability and economic growth is spurious. Irish economic
growth was due to a unique set