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, Uta Frith, Lorna Wing, Simon Baron-Cohen, Christopher Gillberg, Patricia Howlin and others has written an open letter to Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology arguing that although it was a good thing that autism had been recognised as a developmental disorder, and thus associated with mental retardation and other developmental problems rather than emotional problems

in The metamorphosis of autism

well-to-do banking family. After studying law for a couple of terms, he switched to medicine and acquired a doctorate from Heidelberg in 1908 on the basis of a dissertation in psychiatry. Supported by Max Weber and Wilhelm Windelband he orientated himself towards psychology, a subject that was still considered part of philosophy at this time, and in 1913 he published the epoch-making Allgemeine Psychopathologie. Jaspers’s scientific orientation was decided when, at the beginning of the 1920s, he transferred from a professorship in psychology to one in philosophy

in Humboldt and the modern German university
Slander and speech about witchcraft

Heidenfels, a village situated several miles to the southwest of Wettringen, when heavy snowfalls had forced him to abandon his cart at a tavern in another village called Wallhausen. By sunset he had managed to return home to Wettringen on horseback and, tired and cold, had lain down on a bench in front of the stove to warm himself. He had dozed off and been pressed by a witch while asleep.3 On waking, Lautenbach had urinated into a glass container, stoppered it shut, and locked it in a chest. By this means Lautenbach hoped to identify the witch responsible for the

in Witchcraft narratives in Germany
The Vichy consulates

and France; so it was that Frenchmen who had enlisted in de Gaulle’s forces, despite their ships having been seized by the British, would soon be fighting their brothers. As Maurice Hankey wryly observed, ‘Olympia seems to have been fairly lively.’28 In a similar vein, another high-ranking member of the naval mission was belatedly discovered to have been distributing a letter among sailors at Southampton warning that they would be treated as francs-tireurs if they joined de Gaulle.29 None of these propagandists quite managed to live up to the sinister image of one

in The forgotten French

those who did not get poor relief as well as those who did. This group comprises two sub-groups: those who applied for poor relief but were refused (whether or not they subsequently managed to get the local poor law officials to agree with them) and those who never applied for poor relief. The groups were by no means distinct when we consider life-cycles as a whole, but for the moment this categorisation is a convenient fiction. In common with almost all studies, data on the first category 216 The poor in England (such as vestry records or pauper letters) are not

in The poor in England 1700–1850
The economy of makeshifts in the early modern north

marginal poor could also be supported in work by the creative use of poor law spending on goods given in kind. Thus, in Birkdale during the relief years 1812/13 and 1813/14, over one third (by value) of specified non-administrative expenditure in the town accounts was directed towards payments in kind, which encompassed expenditure on board and lodgings, clothing, the making of clothing, medicine, rent, coal, potatoes, turf, shoes and shoe mending, and a subvention to the local charity.64 Where the demand created by this pattern of payments was met by awarding large

in The poor in England 1700–1850
Open Access (free)
Crossing the seas

. L. R. James who acted as his unofficial host, introducing him to George Lamming and to David Pitt. On King’s subsequent trip at the end of 1964, when he stopped over on his way to Stockholm to collect his Nobel peace prize, Claudia Jones arranged a private meeting at her home, to which David Pitt and Pearl Connor were also invited. Andrew Salkey, who managed to arrange three separate BBC interviews with King, remembers

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain

. This did not always stop them working at lighter jobs however. As we have seen, the coal industry was occupationally diverse. In 1829, John Buddle explained that in north-east England men made ‘cripples’ Disability and work in the coal economy 39 in mine accidents needed to be ‘provided with some employment which they could manage’. Consequently, ‘many of them go to boys’ work, what is called trapping, furnace keeping, and a great many jobs that might be done by boys, if it was not for the sake of employing these cripples and disabled persons’.98 Some impaired

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution

Colliery Guardian observed that in ‘some districts working colliers are amazingly fond of law’. It was due to this fondness for legal action that the Colliery Guardian reasoned Griffiths’ example would embolden restive mineworkers to seek damages from their employers whenever someone was injured in a colliery accident.96 Such fears were ultimately unfounded as Griffiths’ challenge to mine owners’ legal supremacy proved short lived. Within a few months of his victory, Griffiths’ employer’s legal team managed to get the initial ruling overturned at a retrial by

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution
Leopold von Sacher-Masoch’s Venus im Pelz (1870)

acknowledgement had been shaped by the literary text that many of them referred to as the foremost representation of their unruly desires. Venus im Pelz tells the story of the antihero Severin, who does not manage to establish an emancipated relationship with his partner. The confession of his submissive desires to his lover Wanda von Dunajew, and several explicit and brutal scenes that depict Severin’s emotional and physical humiliation, are features of the novella. Although critical in many respects, Sacher-Masoch’s relatively sym­pathetic and intimate portrayal of Severin

in A history of the case study