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Joshua B. Spero

–Shalikashvili initiative, the PfP process, without American leadership, would probably have floundered within NATO.5 167 2504Chap9 7/4/03 12:41 pm Page 168 Institutions of security governance US and NATO allies projected PfP as a non-threatening security strategy across Europe and Eurasia during the 1990s. Indeed, the PfP process evolved to become a force multiplier strategy eventually serving the interests of stability throughout the region. Through PfP, NATO and PfP nations could project their forces collectively to confront traditional and non-traditional security threats, as

in Limiting institutions?
Jean-Marc Fontan and Denis Bussière

7 Evaluating the partnership research process Jean-Marc Fontan and Denis Bussières Translation by Elizabeth Carlyse As part of the project Strengthening Knowledge Strategies for Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Development: A Global Study on Community–University Partnerships, the team at l’Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM, www. aruc-es.uqam.ca) was given the task of developing an evaluation process for research partnerships. First, a definition of partnership research was developed. Second, the concept of evaluation is discussed and an attempt made to

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Exception, not transformation
Malcolm Cook

power with a clear strategy for enhanced US engagement in Asia, in which ASEAN and the EAS had a clear and central role which endured throughout both of Obama’s terms in office. The Trump administration did not. On the ASEAN side, the EAS so far has failed to live up to the expectations of the Obama administration. It still fails to occupy a clear or leading role in the ASEAN-led regional architecture. Efforts to strengthen the institution and focus its attention on issues of primary US concern have been constrained due to disagreements over its future among ASEAN

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Raymond Hinnebusch

: scaling down ambitions to match capabilities and/or building up capabilities to sustain ambitions. Effectiveness denotes the capacity to implement policies. Arguably, state consolidation depends on some balance between the institutionalisation of state structures and the incorporation of mobilised social forces into them (Huntington 1968). A balance endows elites with both sufficient autonomy to make rational choices and sufficient legitimacy and structural capacity to mobilise the support and extract the resources to sustain these choices

in The international politics of the Middle East
Rodney Barker

language of the elite is privileged, where the mass of people do not understand it and thereby have their inferiority or cultural subordination cultivated and sustained. Failure to understand in this instance is as important as ability to understand in the other. In each case, others beyond the speaker, who can be assumed to hear either directly or indirectly, are necessary. Because language has a special place as a component of identity, its denial can be the occasion for the most resolute and violent political action. The

in Cultivating political and public identity
Open Access (free)
Relations between the European Union and Mercosur
Arantza Gomez Arana

economic agreements between the Mercosur and individual Latin American countries. It is suggested that the US and the EU would compete to exert higher levels of influence in Latin America by trying to increase import and export trade levels (Sanahuja 2000b; Arenas 2002; Alecu de Flers and Regelsberger 2005). Santander (2005), for example, specifically refers to the EU’s strategy against the US. For Crawley (2000), the strategy is sustained by the timing of events on both sides of the Atlantic. Crawley suggests that the EU was dealing with Analytical framework 25

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’
Miguel Martínez Lucio

relations and broadened the way in which we seek to evaluate the role of the state across different agendas.1 This approach is important for this chapter because the state in Spain has had a series of competing projects and strategies – not to mention narratives – which have led to a contradictory set of agendas and developments that have increasingly been at odds and in conflict with each other. Hence, we need to understand the way in which the state has developed and responded to competing challenges and issues through its complex and varied institutional make-up. To

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Passion and politics
Hilary Pilkington

, since this association of the party is the principal reason voters choose not to vote for the BNP, even if they hold racist points of view themselves. While I would agree with Ashe that an anti-racist ethos and inter-ethnic solidarity are best promoted by sustained, local c­ ommunity-based campaigning and organisations, I am less convinced that ‘condemnation strategies’ are politically effective in more than particular localised and short-term contexts. The disagreement reflects the insights derived from different observational positions of research. From the viewing

in Loud and proud
Open Access (free)
Kerry Longhurst

culture 16:25 Page 7 7 realism’, ‘clarity of goals’ and a ‘predictability of means’.6 Sustaining such arguments, others stressed the point that since the Bundeswehr owed its creation, rationale and role to contingent forces and factors quite exogenous to Germany, with the ending of the Cold War and the acquisition of full sovereignty, German security policy was now set to develop a more normal relationship to the use of military power. In this vein, in 1991, Geoffrey van Orden asserted that German defence policy, having been ‘unnaturally constrained for 40 years

in Germany and the use of force
Open Access (free)
Orvar Löfgren and Barbara Czarniawska

research journey through diverse landscapes and problem areas. Take, for example, the several studies dealing with the home – a place often overcrowded with things, activities, and emotions. There are parents struggling to handle a steady inflow of objects from toys to clothes, developing new strategies for discarding and recycling, while their teenagers are learning the delights of navigating in clouds of music on the Internet – there is never too much of that one! There is the wearied husband accusing his wife of letting her work overload spill over into the home

in Overwhelmed by overflows?